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S:
 S01:
  S01N: INDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
   S01N1/00: Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
   S01N1/00B: Devices for supplying or distributing samples to an analysing apparatus
   S01N1/00B1: . . of liquid samples
   S01N1/00B1A: . . . using a pump system
   S01N1/00B1A1: . . . . co-operating with a septum
   S01N1/00B1A9: . . . . other details
   S01N1/00B1A9A: . . . . . mechanically linked multiple pistons
   S01N1/00B1B: . . . through a valve system
   S01N1/00B1C: . . . using a combination of a pump system and a valve
   S01N1/00B1F: . . . arrangement of flow cells
   S01N1/00B2: . . of gaseous samples, e.g. at constant pressure
   S01N1/00B2B: . . . obtained by evaporation
   S01N1/00B3: . . Packages for mailing or similar transprot of samples
   S01N1/00B4: . . Devices specially adapted for forensic samples, e.g. tamper-proofing, sample tracking
   S01N1/00C: Cleaning, rinsing or purging devices used in sampling or preparing specimens
   S01N1/00M: Methods for testing or ensuring the representiveness of the sample
   S01N1/10D4: . . . . from the beds of rivers, lakes, the sea, etc.
   S01N1/10P: . . . Passive (diffusion) samplers
   S01N1/17: . . . with provision for intake at several locations
   S01N1/02: Devices for withdrawing samples
   S01N1/20B7C: . . . . . . bags
   S01N1/22B6: . . . . Creating turbulence to release an aerosol from a sampling zone
   S01N1/22B6L: . . . . . Using radiation pulses (e.g. laser)
   S01N1/22B6M: . . . . . By applying mechanical force to deform a package
   S01N1/22B6P: . . . . . by introducing pulses of carrier gas
   S01N1/22B9B: . . . . . electrostatic separation
   S01N1/22F2C: . . . . . (deleted; content transferred to S01N1/22K) [D0703]
   S01N1/22F3C: . . . . . (deleted; content transferred to S01N1/22K) [D0703]
   S01N1/22L: . . . flexible sample bags
   S01N1/22P5: . . . . With means for purging the sampling system
   S01N1/24L: . . . . Flexible bags
   S01N1/28A: . . Separating suspended solids
   S01N1/28A1: . . . by ultrasonic excitation
   S01N1/28F7: . . . Collecting samples on a surface by electrostatic force
   S01N1/28M2D: . . . . using drills, routers, milling cutters, and the like
   S01N1/28M2R: . . . . Cutting by means of other radiation (incl. particle radiation)
   S01N1/28M3: . . . Compacting;die pressing (eg forming pellets for spectroanalysis)
   S01N1/02C: . . Correlating sampling sites with geographical information, e.g. GPS
   S01N1/02D: . . sampling for security purposes, e.g. contraband, warfare agents
   S01N1/02D1: . . . passengers or luggage
   S01N1/02D2: . . . postal items
   S01N1/02D4: . . . vehicles or large cargo items (e.g. shipping containers)
   S01N1/02D9: . . . field kits / quick test kits
   S01N1/02R: . . Autonomous remote samplers (robots, buoys, ...)
   S01N1/02S: . . Sampling from a surface, swabbing, vaporising
   S01N1/31E: . . . . adding cover-slips to slides
   S01N1/31F: . . . . dealing with excess liquid (drip-catchers, aspirators, waste reservoirs)
   S01N1/34A: . . . Dialysis; Osmosis; Selective membranes
   S01N1/34B: . . . using a solid absorption or adsorption medium
   S01N1/34C: . . . Transfer from liquid to gas (stripping, sparging)
   S01N1/34D: . . . Transfer from gas to liquid (bubbling, scrubbing)
   S01N1/34E: . . . Solvent extraction
   S01N1/36D: . . . removing embedding medium
   S01N1/04: . . in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
   S01N1/40D: . . . Adsorption; Ion exchange
   S01N1/40E: . . . Condensing; Distilling
   S01N1/40F: . . . bubbling gas through liquid
   S01N1/40M: . . . concentration by magnetic means
   S01N1/40P1: . . . . special desorption techniques (eg waves)
   S01N1/04L: . . . Laser ablation; Microwave vaporisation
   S01N1/06: . . . Providing a thin slice, e.g. microtome
   S01N1/06B: . . . . Blade details
   S01N1/06B1: . . . . . with sawing action
   S01N1/06B2: . . . . . Safety arrangements associated with blades
   S01N1/06D: . . . . Drive details
   S01N1/06D1: . . . . . electric
   S01N1/06D3: . . . . . ergonomic aspects (control layout, etc.)
   S01N1/06F: . . . . safety aspects
   S01N1/06H: . . . . Illumination means
   S01N1/08: . . . involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit
   S01N1/08A: . . . . Grabs
   S01N1/10: . . in the liquid or fluent state
   S01N1/10A: . . . Dispersed solids
   S01N1/10A1: . . . . Suspensions
   S01N1/10A1G: . . . . . Gas suspensions; Fluidised beds
   S01N1/10A1L: . . . . . Liquid suspensions; Slurries; Mud; Sludge
   S01N1/10D: . . . Sampling from special places
   S01N1/10D1: . . . . from an enclosure (hazardous waste, radioactive)
   S01N1/10D2: . . . . from sewers
   S01N1/10D3: . . . . from high-pressure reactors or lines
   S01N1/10E: . . . Disposable (single-use) samplers
   S01N1/10T: . . . Sampling under constant temperature, pressure, or the like
   S01N1/10T1: . . . . Cooling sample below melting point
   S01N1/10T2: . . . . Trapping evaporated liquids by cooling
   S01N1/10T3: . . . . Storing samples under refrigeration
   S01N1/10X: . . . Categories of sampling
   S01N1/10X1: . . . . Composite sampling; Cumulative sampling
   S01N1/12: . . . Dippers; Dredgers
   S01N1/12B: . . . . adapted for sampling molten metals
   S01N1/14: . . . Suction devices, e.g. pumps; Ejector devices
   S01N1/14B: . . . . adapted for sampling molten metals
   S01N1/14N: . . . . Depression, aspiration
   S01N1/14N1: . . . . . Positive displacement, piston, peristaltic
   S01N1/14N2: . . . . . Ejector
   S01N1/14P: . . . . Overpressure, pressurisation at sampling point
   S01N1/14P1: . . . . . Positive displacement, piston
   S01N1/14P2: . . . . . Injector; Air-lift
   S01N1/14X: . . . . Devices not actuated by pressure difference
   S01N1/14X1: . . . . . Archimedian screw; Auger
   S01N1/14X8: . . . . . Capillaries; Sponges
   S01N1/16: . . . with provision for intake at several levels
   S01N1/18: . . . with provision for splitting samples into portions
   S01N1/18A: . . . . Conveyer of containers successively filled
   S01N1/20: . . . for flowing or falling materials
   S01N1/20A: . . . . Flow conveyers
   S01N1/20A1: . . . . . Pneumatic conveyers
   S01N1/20A2: . . . . . falling under gravity
   S01N1/20A3: . . . . . Belts
   S01N1/20B: . . . . by deviating part of a fluid stream, e.g. by drawing-off or tapping
   S01N1/20B2: . . . . . using a piston actuated by the pressure of the liquid to be sampled
   S01N1/20B3: . . . . . using a valve
   S01N1/20B3A: . . . . . . Sample chamber in a valve/piston
   S01N1/20B5: . . . . . using a by-pass loop
   S01N1/20B7: . . . . . Removable sample bottle
   S01N1/20B7A: . . . . . . Pre-evacuated bottle
   S01N1/20B7B: . . . . . . Non-pre-evacuated septum closed bottles
   S01N1/20C: . . . . Cross-cut sampling
   S01N1/22: . . in the gaseous state
   S01N1/22B: . . . involving separation of sample components during sampling
   S01N1/22B1: . . . . with filters
   S01N1/22B3: . . . . with impactors
   S01N1/22B5: . . . . with cyclones
   S01N1/22B7: . . . . by sorption
   S01N1/22B7L: . . . . . using a liquid
   S01N1/22B9: . . . . other features (not used)
   S01N1/22B9A: . . . . . aerosol sampling devices
   S01N1/22C: . . . Sampling from a closed space, e.g. food package
   S01N1/22C1: . . . . Headspace sampling, i.e. vapour over liquid
   S01N1/22C1A: . . . . . using a membrane, i.e. pervaporation
   S01N1/22C2: . . . . over a melt, e.g. furnace
   S01N1/22C3: . . . . the gas being compressed or pressurized
   S01N1/22C4: . . . . purpose-built sampling enclosure for emissions
   S01N1/22E: . . . Exhaled gas, e.g. alcohol detecting
   S01N1/22F: . . . Sampling from a flowing stream of gas
   S01N1/22F1: . . . . isokinetic, same flow rate for sample and bulk gas
   S01N1/22F2: . . . . Vehicle exhaust
   S01N1/22F2D: . . . . . with dilution of the sample
   S01N1/22F3: . . . . in a stack or chimney
   S01N1/22F3H: . . . . . preventing condensation (heating lines)
   S01N1/22F4: . . . . with dilution
   S01N1/22F5: . . . . separating gas from liquid, e.g. bubbles
   S01N1/22F6: . . . . separating gas from solid, e.g. filter
   S01N1/22G: . . . Atmospheric sampling
   S01N1/22G1: . . . . Personal monitors
   S01N1/22G2: . . . . high altitude, e.g. rockets, balloons
   S01N1/22K: . . . with cooling means
   S01N1/22P: . . . Details of probe structures
   S01N1/22P1: . . . . Filter arrangements
   S01N1/22P3: . . . . Movable probes, e.g. swivelling, swinging
   S01N1/22S: . . . Sampling soil gases or the like
   S01N1/22T: . . . Timing devices
   S01N1/24: . . . Suction devices
   S01N1/24D: . . . . Bellows
   S01N1/24E: . . . . Injectors or ejectors
   S01N1/24E1: . . . . . using critical flow orifices
   S01N1/24F: . . . . Fans
   S01N1/24S: . . . . Syringes
   S01N1/24V: . . . . Evacuated containers
   S01N1/26: . . . with provision for intake from several spaces
   S01N1/28: Preparing specimens for investigation
   S01N1/28D: . . Means for preparing replicas of specimens, e.g. for microscopal analysis
   S01N1/28F: . . Producing thin layers of samples on a substrate, e.g. smearing, spinning-on
   S01N1/28F1: . . . with mapping; Identification of areas; Spatial correlated pattern
   S01N1/28F2: . . . Collecting by adsorption or absorption
   S01N1/28F3: . . . Collecting samples on a sticky, tacky, adhesive surface
   S01N1/28F3L: . . . . using local activation of adhesive, i.e. Laser Capture Microdissection
   S01N1/28F5: . . . Cytocentrifuge method
   S01N1/28G: . . Shadowing samples
   S01N1/28M: . . involving mechanical work, e.g. chopping, disintegrating, compacting, homogenising
   S01N1/28M1: . . . Grinding or homogeneising
   S01N1/28M2: . . . Cutting or cleaving
   S01N1/28M2F: . . . . Filter punches
   S01N1/28M2L: . . . . Laser cutting, e.g tissue catapult
   S01N1/28N: . . Preparing calibration standards
   S01N1/30: . . Staining; Impregnating
   S01N1/30A: . . . Stain compositions
   S01N1/30B: . . . Fixative compositions
   S01N1/30B2: . . . . non-toxic, no Hg, no formaldehyde
   S01N1/31: . . . Apparatus therefor; Automatic systems
   S01N1/31B: . . . . Samples mounted on planar substrates
   S01N1/31C: . . . . Basket-type carriers for tissues
   S01N1/31D: . . . . spraying liquids onto surfaces
   S01N1/32: . . Polishing; Etching
   S01N1/34: . . Purifying; Cleaning
   S01N1/36: . . Embedding samples
   S01N1/36B: . . . using continuous plastic film to mount sample
   S01N1/36E: . . . using resins, epoxy
   S01N1/36M: . . . Moulds; Demoulding
   S01N1/36P: . . . Mounting multiple samples in one block, e.g. TMA (Tissue Micro-arrays)
   S01N1/38: . . Sample dilution or mixing devices
   S01N1/38A: . . . by membrane diffusion; Permeation tubes
   S01N1/38B: . . . using pistons of different sections
   S01N1/38C: . . . collecting and diluting in a flow of liquid
   S01N1/38D: . . . diluting by adsorbing a fraction of the sample
   S01N1/38E: . . . Other diluting or mixing processes
   S01N1/38E1: . . . . mixing by blowing a gas, bubbling
   S01N1/38E3: . . . . mixing the sample with a tracer
   S01N1/40: . . Sample concentration devices
   S01N1/40A: . . . by transferring a selected component through a membrane
   S01N1/40A2: . . . . being a ion-exchange membrane
   S01N1/40A3: . . . . being a selective membrane, e.g. dialysis or osmosis
   S01N1/40B: . . . by thermal techniques; Phase changes
   S01N1/40B1: . . . . evaporation leaving a concentrated sample
   S01N1/40B3: . . . . sample concentrated on a cold spot, e.g. condensation or distillation
   S01N1/40C: . . . electric methods, e.g. electromigration, electrophoresis, ionisation
   S01N1/40G: . . . chemical methods, e.g. digestion; Chemical decomposition
   S01N1/40P: . . . adsorption or absorption
   S01N1/40S: . . . Solubility techniques
   S01N1/40S1: . . . . Solvent extraction
   S01N1/40S3: . . . . using difference of solubility between liquid and gas, e.g. bubbling, scrubbing or sparging
   S01N1/40S5: . . . . membraneless transfer of a component between two parallel laminar flows of fluid
   S01N1/40V: . . . other techniques involving separation of suspended solids
   S01N1/40V1: . . . . sedimentation
   S01N1/40V3: . . . . filtration
   S01N1/40V5: . . . . using ultrasound
   S01N1/42: . . Low-temperature sample treatment
   S01N1/44: . . Heat or radiation, microwaves
   S01N3/00: Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress (strain gauges G01B; measuring stress in general G01L)
   S01N3/00A: Type of APPLICATION of the stress
   S01N3/00A1: . . steady
   S01N3/00A1A: . . . Constant speed test
   S01N3/00A2: . . repeated; cyclic
   S01N3/00A2A: . . . low frequencies (up to 100 hz)
   S01N3/00A2B: . . . high frequencies (from 10 000 hz)
   S01N3/00A3: . . impulsive
   S01N3/00A4: . . load changing discretely (e.g. increase step-by-step)
   S01N3/00F: Type of FORCE applied
   S01N3/00F1: . . tensile or compressive
   S01N3/00F1A: . . . tensile
   S01N3/00F1B: . . . compressive
   S01N3/00F2: . . torsional
   S01N3/00F3: . . bending
   S01N3/00F4: . . shearing
   S01N3/00F6: . . combinations
   S01N3/00F9A: . . . combination (compression/tension + torsion/bending)
   S01N3/00F9A1: . . . . Rotation and bending
   S01N3/00G: GENERATION of the force
   S01N3/00G1: . . mechanical
   S01N3/00G1A: . . . weight
   S01N3/00G1A1: . . . . pendulum
   S01N3/00G1B: . . . spring
   S01N3/00G1C: . . . cam
   S01N3/00G1D: . . . gearing
   S01N3/00G1E: . . . pliers
   S01N3/00G1F: . . . eccentric
   S01N3/00G1H: . . . hammer (Charpy test)
   S01N3/00G1M: . . . by human or animal power
   S01N3/00G2: . . pneumatic or hydraulic
   S01N3/00G2A: . . . pneumatic
   S01N3/00G2A1: . . . . vacuum
   S01N3/00G2B: . . . hydraulic
   S01N3/00G2C: . . . jet of fluid
   S01N3/00G3: . . electric or magnetic
   S01N3/00G3A: . . . electromagnetic
   S01N3/00G3B: . . . piezo-electric
   S01N3/00G4: . . using radiative or similar heating (laser, e-beam)
   S01N3/00G9: . . Special devices
   S01N3/00G9A: . . . cutting, drilling tools
   S01N3/00G9B: . . . generating waves (e.g. acoustic)
   S01N3/00G9C: . . . using unbalanced rotation; using centrifuge effects
   S01N3/00G9D: . . . flexible diaphragms
   S01N3/00G9E: . . . using thermal properties
   S01N3/00P: Kind of PROPERTY studied
   S01N3/00P1: . . crack; flaws; fracture; rupture
   S01N3/00P1C: . . . crack; flaws
   S01N3/00P1C1: . . . . initiation of crack
   S01N3/00P1C2: . . . . propagation of crack
   S01N3/00P1F: . . . fracture; rupture
   S01N3/00P2: . . fatigue; creep; strain-stress relations; elastic constants
   S01N3/00P2C: . . . creep
   S01N3/00P2F: . . . fatigue
   S01N3/00P2R: . . . residual stress
   S01N3/00P2S: . . . strain-stress relations; elastic constants
   S01N3/00P4: . . hardness; compressibility; resistance to crushing
   S01N3/00P4A: . . . indentation
   S01N3/00P4A1: . . . . residual indentation measurement
   S01N3/00P4A2: . . . . deformation or indentation characteristics measured during load
   S01N3/00P4B: . . . rebound strike; reflected energy
   S01N3/00P4C: . . . compressibility
   S01N3/00P4D: . . . resistance to crushing
   S01N3/00P5: . . resistance to wear or abrasion
   S01N3/00P5A: . . . fretting
   S01N3/00P9: . . others
   S01N3/00P9B: . . . biorheological properties
   S01N3/00P9C: . . . coiling or twisting properties
   S01N3/00P9D: . . . ductility
   S01N3/00P9F: . . . Fibre-matrix interaction in composites
   S01N3/00P9H: . . . resistance to heat changes
   S01N3/00P9L: . . . Crosslinking degree; vulcanisation
   S01N3/00P9M: . . . machinability
   S01N3/00P9P: . . . Peeling, tearing
   S01N3/00P9S: . . . solidification; curing
   S01N3/00P9V: . . . visco-elasticity
   S01N3/00X: specific testing methods by name
   S01N3/00X1: . . Fraas test (cracks in flexed coating of asphalt)
   S01N3/00X2: . . Rockwell hardness test
   S01N3/00X3: . . Brinell hardness test
   S01N3/00X4: . . Vickers hardness test
   S01N3/00X5: . . Charpy impact test
   S01N3/00X6: . . Shore hardness
   S01N3/00X7: . . Mullen test (burst pressure) for paper
   S01N3/00X9: . . Other named testing methods
   S01N3/00X9A: . . . Knoop hardness test; scratch depth measure
   S01N3/00X9B: . . . Celanese compression for composites, laminates
   S01N3/00X9C: . . . Iosipescu test-specimens
   S01N3/00X9D: . . . Janaf test specimen
   S01N3/00X9E: . . . Hopkinson bar; tension/torsion by elastic waves
   S01N3/02: Details
   S01N3/02C: . . CONTROL of the test
   S01N3/02C1: . . . provision of an emergency stop, e.g. in case of rupture
   S01N3/02C2: . . . supply or positioning of specimens
   S01N3/02C3: . . . specific programs of loading
   S01N3/02C3A: . . . . preliminary measurement, e.g. no-load
   S01N3/02C3B: . . . . pre loading
   S01N3/02C4: . . . treatment of the signal; normalisation; calibration
   S01N3/02C5: . . . with provision for exchangeable parts, e.g. indenters
   S01N3/02C6: . . . safety arrangements for the operator (remote control, screens, interlocks, etc.)
   S01N3/02C9: . . . THEORIES; CALCULATIONS
   S01N3/02C9A: . . . . calculations a priori (without experimental data)
   S01N3/02C9F: . . . . finite elements
   S01N3/02C9S: . . . . calculations based on experimental data
   S01N3/02C9S1: . . . . . using tests on model to predict properties
   S01N3/02C9T: . . . . using result of test for sorting or identification of material
   S01N3/02E: . . ENVIRONMENT of the test
   S01N3/02E1: . . . temperature
   S01N3/02E1C: . . . . Thermal cycling
   S01N3/02E1G: . . . . Generation of the heating or cooling
   S01N3/02E1G1: . . . . . Ohmic heating; Joule effect in probe
   S01N3/02E1G3: . . . . . Radiative heating; IR
   S01N3/02E1G5: . . . . . fluid stream
   S01N3/02E1H: . . . . high temperature; furnaces; radiation heating
   S01N3/02E1L: . . . . low temperature; cryogenic liquid baths
   S01N3/02E2: . . . pressure
   S01N3/02E2H: . . . . high pressure
   S01N3/02E2L: . . . . low pressure; vacuum
   S01N3/02E3: . . . other environments
   S01N3/02E3A: . . . . inert
   S01N3/02E3C: . . . . corrosive
   S01N3/02E3F: . . . . circulation of a fluid
   S01N3/02E4: . . . tests "in situ" or after "in situ" use
   S01N3/02E4S: . . . . Special simulation of "in situ" conditions
   S01N3/02E4S1: . . . . . scale model
   S01N3/02E4S3: . . . . . model simulating part of the human body (e.g. foot)
   S01N3/02E5: . . . tests "on-line" during fabrication
   S01N3/02G: . . GEOMETRY of the test
   S01N3/02G1: . . . monoaxial
   S01N3/02G2: . . . biaxial
   S01N3/02G3: . . . triaxial
   S01N3/02G4: . . . non axial (forces not applied along the axis of the specimen)
   S01N3/02G4A: . . . . specimen fixed in one place
   S01N3/02G4B: . . . . specimen fixed in more than one place
   S01N3/02G4C: . . . . working force applied in one place
   S01N3/02G4D: . . . . working forces applied in more than one place
   S01N3/02S: . . SPECIFICATIONS of the specimen
   S01N3/02S1: . . . shape of the specimen
   S01N3/02S1B: . . . . beam
   S01N3/02S1C: . . . . cylindrical specimen
   S01N3/02S1D: . . . . dumb-bell specimens
   S01N3/02S1F: . . . . Flat specimen
   S01N3/02S1F1: . . . . . Disc
   S01N3/02S1H: . . . . hollow specimen
   S01N3/02S1K: . . . . cruciform specimen
   S01N3/02S1N: . . . . notched
   S01N3/02S1R: . . . . ring-shaped specimens
   S01N3/02S1R1: . . . . . tubular specimens
   S01N3/02S1S: . . . . spherical specimen
   S01N3/02S1T: . . . . thin specimens; web; filament; tape; sheet
   S01N3/02S1T1: . . . . . filaments; wires; ropes; cables
   S01N3/02S1T2: . . . . . tapes; webs; sheets; strips
   S01N3/02S1T2B: . . . . . . web material wound on a reel
   S01N3/02S1T3: . . . . . membranes
   S01N3/02S1T5: . . . . . coatings
   S01N3/02S8: . . . manufacturing or preparing specimens
   S01N3/02S9: . . . other specifications
   S01N3/02S9B: . . . . bulk material
   S01N3/02S9B3: . . . . . catalysts
   S01N3/02S9L: . . . . semi-solid
   S01N3/02S9M: . . . . Miniaturised specimen; Testing on microregions of a specimen
   S01N3/02S9S: . . . . springs
   S01N3/02S9S1: . . . . . leaf spring
   S01N3/02S9S2: . . . . . coil spring
   S01N3/02S9S3: . . . . . airspring; air bag spring; bellows
   S01N3/04: . . Chucks
   S01N3/04A: . . . self aligning
   S01N3/04A1: . . . . spherical, hemispherical or cylindrical alignment element
   S01N3/04A2: . . . . guides restraining the movement of the sample
   S01N3/04A3: . . . . using low-T fusing material; Wood`s metals
   S01N3/04A4: . . . . test chuck used as mould or template for forming test piece
   S01N3/04B: . . . using pneumatic or hydraulic pressure
   S01N3/04C: . . . using vacuum
   S01N3/04D: . . . using screws
   S01N3/04E: . . . using adhesive bond; Glueing
   S01N3/04F: . . . modifying the direction of the force applied (e.g. compressive -- bending)
   S01N3/04H: . . . with dampers; shock absorbing means
   S01N3/04K: . . . holders for quick insertion/removal of test pieces
   S01N3/04L: . . . cushioning layer between test piece and grip
   S01N3/04M: . . . characterised by their material
   S01N3/04P: . . . with preliminary no-load stroke
   S01N3/04Q: . . . with means to apply axial pre-load
   S01N3/04R: . . . with provisions for testing more than one specimen at the time
   S01N3/04R1: . . . . in series
   S01N3/04R2: . . . . in parallel
   S01N3/04R3: . . . . sequentially (implies to remove 'at the time' in 04R)
   S01N3/04S: . . . with provisions for pressure change compensation
   S01N3/04T: . . . with provisions for temperature change compensation
   S01N3/04V: . . . mountings for the sensing means
   S01N3/04X: . . . other characteristics
   S01N3/04X1: . . . . diamond anvil cells
   S01N3/04X2: . . . . clamping ring; "whole periphery" clamping
   S01N3/04X3: . . . . automatic sample alignment in clamp
   S01N3/04X4: . . . . sensing means integrated in clamp
   S01N3/06: . . Special adaptations of indicating or recording means (indicating or recording means for measuring in general G01D)
   S01N3/06B: . . . with mechanical indicating or recording means
   S01N3/06B1: . . . . by weighing
   S01N3/06C: . . . with hydraulic indicating or recording means
   S01N3/06D: . . . with electrical indicating or recording means
   S01N3/06D1: . . . . piezo-electric gauges
   S01N3/06D2: . . . . using thin films; paintings
   S01N3/06D3: . . . . magnetic properties
   S01N3/06D4: . . . . capacitative
   S01N3/06E: . . . with optical indicating or recording means
   S01N3/06E1: . . . . image analysis
   S01N3/06E2: . . . . using contrasting ink; painting; staining
   S01N3/06F: . . . acoustic; ultrasonic detection; mechanical vibrations
   S01N3/06H: . . . thermal
   S01N3/06J: . . . using scales
   S01N3/06J1: . . . . logarithmic scales
   S01N3/06L: . . . using witness specimens
   S01N3/06P: . . . PARAMETER measured
   S01N3/06P1: . . . . force; weight; energy
   S01N3/06P1A: . . . . . energy "reflected"; reaction
   S01N3/06P1B: . . . . . acoustic energy
   S01N3/06P1L: . . . . . load applied for a predetermined displacement
   S01N3/06P1T: . . . . . torque, moment or couple
   S01N3/06P1W: . . . . . Weight
   S01N3/06P2: . . . . dimension
   S01N3/06P2A: . . . . . linear
   S01N3/06P2A1: . . . . . . depth
   S01N3/06P2A3: . . . . . . measured perpendicular to stress direction
   S01N3/06P2B: . . . . . surface; area
   S01N3/06P2C: . . . . . angle
   S01N3/06P2D: . . . . . distortion or deformation of the test equipment itself
   S01N3/06P3: . . . . position
   S01N3/06P4: . . . . time or frequency
   S01N3/06P4D: . . . . . Damping
   S01N3/06P4L: . . . . . Lifetime
   S01N3/06P4R: . . . . . Resonance frequency
   S01N3/06P5: . . . . speed; acceleration
   S01N3/06P9: . . . . Others
   S01N3/06P9T: . . . . . Temperature
   S01N3/08: by applying steady tensile or compressive forces
   S01N3/10: . . generated by pneumatic or hydraulic pressure
   S01N3/12: . . . Pressure testing
   S01N3/14: . . generated by dead weight, e.g. pendulum; generated by springs tension
   S01N3/16: . . applied through gearing
   S01N3/16C: . . . generated by rotation, i.e. centrifugal force
   S01N3/18: . . Performing test at high or low temperatures
   S01N3/20: by applying steady bending forces
   S01N3/22: by applying steady torsional forces
   S01N3/24: by applying steady shearing forces
   S01N3/26: Investigating twisting or coiling properties
   S01N3/28: Investigating ductility, e.g. suitability of sheet metal for deep-drawing or spinning
   S01N3/30: by applying a single impulsive force, e.g. by falling weight
   S01N3/303: . . generated only by free-falling weight
   S01N3/307: . . generated by a compressed or tensile-stressed spring; generated by pneumatic or hydraulic means
   S01N3/31: . . generated by a rotating fly-wheel
   S01N3/313: . . generated by explosives
   S01N3/317: . . generated by electromagnetic means
   S01N3/32: by applying repeated or pulsating forces (generation of such forces in general, see the relevant classes or subclasses, e.g. B06, G10)
   S01N3/34: . . generated by mechanical means, e.g. hammer blows
   S01N3/34B: . . . for tensile or compressive investigation
   S01N3/34C: . . . for bending investigation
   S01N3/34D: . . . for torsional investigation
   S01N3/36: . . generated by pneumatic or hydraulic means
   S01N3/36B: . . . for tensile or compressive investigation
   S01N3/36C: . . . for bending investigation
   S01N3/36D: . . . for torsional investigation
   S01N3/38: . . generated by electromagnetic means
   S01N3/38B: . . . for tensile or compressive investigation
   S01N3/38C: . . . for bending investigation
   S01N3/38D: . . . for torsional investigation
   S01N3/40: Investigating hardness or rebound hardness
   S01N3/40B: . . by determining the vibration frequency of a sensing element in contact with the specimen
   S01N3/42: . . by performing impressions under a steady load by indentors, e.g. sphere, pyramid
   S01N3/44: . . . the indentors being put under a minor load and a subsequent major load, i.e. Rockwell system
   S01N3/46: . . . the indentors performing a scratching movement
   S01N3/48: . . by performing impressions under impulsive load by indentors, e.g. falling ball
   S01N3/50: . . by measuring rolling friction, e.g. by rocking pendulum
   S01N3/52: . . by measuring extent of rebound of a striking body
   S01N3/54: . . Performing tests at high or low temperatures
   S01N3/56: Investigating resistance to wear or abrasion
   S01N3/56B: . . using radioactive tracers
   S01N3/56D: . . of granular or particulate material
   S01N3/56F: . . by submitting the specimen to the action of a fluid or of a fluidised material, e.g. cavitation, jet abrasion
   S01N3/58: Investigating machinability by cutting tools; Investigating the cutting ability of tools
   S01N3/60: Investigating resistance of materials, e.g. refractory materials, to rapid heat changes
   S01N3/62: Manufacturing, calibrating, or repairing devices used in investigations covered by the preceding subgroups
   S01N5/00: Analysing materials by weighing, e.g. weighing small particles separated from a gas or liquid
   S01N5/02: by absorbing or adsorbing components of a material and determining change of weight of the adsorbent, e.g. determining moisture content
   S01N5/02B: . . for determining moisture content
   S01N5/04: by removing a component, e.g. by evaporation, and weighing the remainder
   S01N5/04B: . . for determining moisture content
   S01N7/00: Analysing materials by measuring the pressure or volume of a gas or vapour
   S01N7/02: by absorption, adsorption, or combustion of components and measurement of the change in pressure or volume of the remainder
   S01N7/04: . . by absorption or adsorption alone
   S01N7/06: . . by combustion alone
   S01N7/08: . . by combustion followed by absorption or adsorption of the combustion products
   S01N7/10: by allowing diffusion of components through a porous wall and measuring a pressure or volume difference
   S01N7/12: . . the diffusion being followed by combustion or catalytic oxidation
   S01N7/14: by allowing the material to emit a gas or vapour, e.g. water vapour, and measuring a pressure or volume difference
   S01N7/16: . . by heating the material
   S01N7/18: . . by allowing the material to react
   S01N7/20: . . . the reaction being fermentation
   S01N7/22: . . . . of dough
   S01N9/00: Investigating density or specific gravity of materials; Analysing materials by determining density or specific gravity
   S01N9/00B: using variation of the resonant frequency of an element vibrating in contact with the material submitted to analysis
   S01N9/00B1: . . comparing frequencies of two elements
   S01N9/00B2: . . vibrating tube, tuning fork
   S01N9/00B3: . . Schlatter vibrating vane type
   S01N9/00B5: . . the material being a solid
   S01N9/02: by measuring weight of a known volume
   S01N9/02A: . . of solids
   S01N9/02A1: . . . the volume being determined directly, e.g. by size of container
   S01N9/02A3: . . . the volume being determined by amount of fluid displaced
   S01N9/02A3G: . . . . a gas being used as displacement fluid
   S01N9/04: . . of fluids
   S01N9/06: . . . with continuous circulation through a pivotally supported member
   S01N9/08: by measuring buoyant force of solid materials by weighing both in air and in a liquid
   S01N9/10: by observing bodies wholly or partially immersed in fluid materials
   S01N9/12: . . by observing the depth of immersion of the bodies, e.g. hydrometers
   S01N9/14: . . . the body being built into a container
   S01N9/16: . . . the body being pivoted
   S01N9/18: . . . Special adaptations for indicating, recording, or control
   S01N9/20: . . by balancing the weight of the bodies
   S01N9/22: . . . with continuous circulation of the fluid
   S01N9/24: by observing the transmission of wave or particle radiation through the material
   S01N9/26: by measuring pressure differences
   S01N9/26A: . . using vertically-movable pressure transducer
   S01N9/26B: . . for determining gas density
   S01N9/28: . . by measuring the blowing pressure of gas bubbles escaping from nozzles at different depths in a liquid
   S01N9/30: by using centrifugal effects
   S01N9/32: by using flow properties of fluids, e.g. flow through tubes or apertures
   S01N9/34: . . by using elements moving through the fluid, e.g. vane
   S01N9/36: Analysing materials by measuring the density or specific gravity, e.g. determining quantity of moisture
   S01N11/00: Investigating flow properties of materials, e.g. viscosity, plasticity; Analysing materials by determining flow properties
   S01N11/00B: Calibrating, controlling or cleaning viscometers
   S01N11/00B1: . . Temperature compensation
   S01N11/00B3: . . Controlling sample temperature; Thermal cycling during measurement
   S01N11/00D: Investigating specific flow properties of non-Newtonian fluids
   S01N11/00D1: . . Yield stress; Residual stress at zero shear rate
   S01N11/00D3: . . Stress relaxation time
   S01N11/00D5: . . Complex modulus
   S01N11/00D7: . . Shear modulus
   S01N11/00E: In situ measurement during mixing process
   S01N11/00E2: . . using ergometry; measuring power consumption
   S01N11/00S: Determining flow properties indirectly by measuring other parameters of the system
   S01N11/00S1: . . electrical properties
   S01N11/00S2: . . acoustic properties
   S01N11/00S3: . . optical properties
   S01N11/00S4: . . magnetic properties
   S01N11/00S5: . . thermal properties
   S01N11/00S6: . . by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)
   S01N11/16C: . . . using cantilevers
   S01N11/02: by measuring flow of the material
   S01N11/04: . . through a restricted passage, e.g. tube, aperture
   S01N11/06: . . . by timing the outflow of a known quantity
   S01N11/08: . . . by measuring pressure required to produce a known flow
   S01N11/08D: . . . . comparing two flows: Wheatstone bridge and similar configurations
   S01N11/08K: . . . . using impingers, kinetic measurements
   S01N11/08M: . . . . microstructures
   S01N11/10: by moving a body within the material
   S01N11/10B: . . by detecting the balance position of a float moving in a duct conveying the fluid under test
   S01N11/12: . . by measuring rising or falling speed of the body; by measuring penetration of wedged gauges
   S01N11/14: . . by using rotary bodies, e.g. vane
   S01N11/14B: . . . Sample held between two members substantially perpendicular to axis of rotation, e.g. parallel plate viscometer
   S01N11/14B2: . . . . both members rotating
   S01N11/14M: . . . Magnetic coupling
   S01N11/16: . . by measuring damping effect upon oscillatory body
   S01N11/16B: . . . Oscillations being torsional, e.g. produced by rotating bodies
   S01N11/16B1: . . . . Sample held between two members substantially perpendicular to axis of rotation, e.g. parallel plate viscometer
   S01N11/16B2: . . . . Sample holder oscillates, e.g. rotating crucible
   S01N13/00: Investigating surface or boundary effects, e.g. wetting power; Investigating diffusion effects; Analysing materials by determining surface, boundary, or diffusion effects
   S01N13/00D: Diffusion; diffusivity between liquids
   S01N13/00P: Dissolution of tablets or the like
   S01N13/02: Investigating surface tension of liquids
   S01N13/02C: . . by measuring contact angle
   S01N13/02F: . . by measuring skin friction or shear force
   S01N13/02G: . . surface waves
   S01N13/02K: . . of liquid metals or solder
   S01N13/02L: . . Langmuir troughs; thin-film balances
   S01N13/02R: . . bubble, pendant drop, sessile drop methods
   S01N13/02R2: . . . Measuring foam stability
   S01N13/02R4: . . . Oscillating drop methods
   S01N13/02R6: . . . Bubble methods
   S01N13/02R8: . . . drop or bubble moving on an oblique surface under gravity
   S01N13/02S: . . involving surface-active agents
   S01N13/02T: . . methods of calculating surface tension
   S01N13/02W: . . Wilhelmy plate
   S01N13/04: Investigating osmotic effects
   S01N15/00: Investigating characteristics of particles; Investigating permeability, pore-volume, or surface-area of porous materials
   S01N15/00E: Determining electric mobility, velocity profile, average speed or velocity of a plurality of particles
   S01N15/00G: Investigating dispersion of gas
   S01N15/00G2: . . in liquids, e.g. bubbles
   S01N15/00G4: . . in solids
   S01N15/00H: Means for transferring or separating particles prior to analysis, e.g hoppers or particle conveyors
   S01N15/00L: Investigating dispersion of liquids
   S01N15/00L2: . . in gas, e.g. fog
   S01N15/00L4: . . in liquids, e.g. emulsion
   S01N15/00L6: . . in solids
   S01N15/00N: Investigating nano particles
   S01N15/00S: Investigating dispersion of solids
   S01N15/00S2: . . in gas, e.g. smoke
   S01N15/00S2F: . . . of filaments in gas
   S01N15/00S4: . . in liquids, e.g. trouble
   S01N15/00S4F: . . . of filaments in liquids
   S01N15/00S6: . . in solids, e.g. petrography
   S01N15/00T: biological, e.g. blood
   S01N15/00T1: . . with lysing, e.g. of erythrocyts
   S01N15/00T2: . . Red blood cells
   S01N15/00T2B: . . . Reticulocytes
   S01N15/00T3: . . White cells
   S01N15/00T4: . . Platelets
   S01N15/00T6: . . Biological contaminants; Fouling
   S01N15/00V: Monitoring flocculation or agglomeration
   S01N15/00W: Investigating consistence of powders, dustability, dustiness
   S01N15/10D1: . . . by imaging based on magnetic or electric properties, e.g. EMR or EPC sensors
   S01N15/14F3C: . . . . . with colour
   S01N15/14F3P: . . . . . Image analysis, without resolution of spatial substructure of individual particles
   S01N15/14F3S: . . . . . by scanning a sample area of particulate material
   S01N15/14F9: . . . . Laser-induced incandescence (LII)
   S01N15/14G1A: . . . . . the illuminating beam being in the direction of flow
   S01N15/14G1R: . . . . . radiative transport or trapping of particles
   S01N15/14H4: . . . . the analysis being performed on an image (to be removed - do not use anymore!)
   S01N15/14S2: . . . . and sorting the particles
   S01N15/02: Investigating particle size or size distribution
   S01N15/02B: . . by light scattering, e.g. from diffraction pattern, by holography or with imaging
   S01N15/02B2: . . . Investigating a scatter or diffraction pattern
   S01N15/02B2B: . . . . from fluctuations of diffraction pattern
   S01N15/02B2C: . . . . from dynamic light scattering, e.g. photon correlation spectroscopy
   S01N15/02B3: . . . with imaging, e.g. projecting on screen
   S01N15/02B4: . . . using holography
   S01N15/02B5: . . . Single particle scatter
   S01N15/02B6: . . . with cutting-out molecular scatter
   S01N15/02B7: . . . Methods for single or grouped particles
   S01N15/02C: . . with mechanical, e.g. inertial, classification, and investigation of sorted collections
   S01N15/02C2: . . . using impactors
   S01N15/02D: . . with electrical classification
   S01N15/02F: . . with screening; with classification by filtering
   S01N15/02G: . . Average size only
   S01N15/02M: . . using sedimentation under gravity only
   S01N15/02N: . . using control of suspension concentration
   S01N15/02S: . . Deformability of particles, eg. cells
   S01N15/02T: . . Sorting the particles
   S01N15/02Y: . . Particle shape
   S01N15/03: Electro-optical investigation of a plurality of particles, the analyser being characterised by the optical arrangement
   S01N15/03A: . . the optical arrangement forming an integrated apparatus with the sample container
   S01N15/04: Investigating sedimentation of particle suspensions
   S01N15/04B: . . by centrifuging and investigating centrifugates
   S01N15/04B2: . . . by optical analysis [M1207]
   S01N15/04B2B: . . . . by static multidetectors
   S01N15/05: . . in blood
   S01N15/05B: . . . for hematocrite determination
   S01N15/06: Investigating concentration of particle suspensions
   S01N15/06A: . . by collecting particles on a support
   S01N15/06A1: . . . Optical analysis of the deposits [M1207]
   S01N15/06A3: . . . of the filter type
   S01N15/06A3B: . . . . Optical analysis of the deposits
   S01N15/06A3D: . . . . Separation of liquids, e.g. by absorption, wicking
   S01N15/06A5: . . . Moving support
   S01N15/06A5B: . . . . of the filter type
   S01N15/06C: . . using condensation nuclei counters
   S01N15/06D: . . using electric, e.g. electrostatic methods or magnetic methods
   S01N15/06F: . . Comparing before/after passage through filter
   S01N15/06G: . . Comparing properties of sample and carrier fluid, e.g. oil in water
   S01N15/06H: . . Comparing suspension before/after dilution
   S01N15/06K: . . Purposely modifying particles, e.g. humidifying for growing
   S01N15/06L: . . in solutions, e.g. non volatile residue
   S01N15/06N: . . by optical means, e.g. by integrated nephelometry
   S01N15/08: Investigating permeability, pore-volume, or surface area of porous materials
   S01N15/08A: . . Details, e.g. sample holders, mounting samples for testing
   S01N15/08B: . . Measuring intrusion, e.g. of mercury
   S01N15/08C: . . Investigating permeability by forcing a fluid through a sample
   S01N15/08C1: . . . and measuring fluid flow rate, i.e. permeation rate or pressure change
   S01N15/08D: . . Pore surface area
   S01N15/08F: . . Testing filters
   S01N15/08G: . . by use of radiation, e.g. transmitted or reflected light
   S01N15/08H: . . by electrical capacitance measurement
   S01N15/08K: . . of films, membranes or pellicules
   S01N15/08L: . . Sorption
   S01N15/08L2: . . . Dynamic sorption, e.g. with flow control means
   S01N15/08M: . . Investigating volume, surface area, size or distribution of pores; Porosimetry
   S01N15/08M1: . . . Mercury porosimetry
   S01N15/08M2: . . . by measuring weight or volume of sorbed fluid, e.g. B.E.T. method
   S01N15/10: Investigating individual particles
   S01N15/10B: . . for cytology
   S01N15/10C: . . Calibrating particle analysers
   S01N15/10C2: . . . Constitution of reference particles
   S01N15/10C3: . . . Particle flow simulating, e.g. liquid crystal cell
   S01N15/10D: . . by measuring electrical or magnetic effects of individual particles, e.g. on conductivity, capacity
   S01N15/10F: . . Associating coulter-counter and optical flow cytometer (OFC)
   S01N15/10G: . . Measuring mass of individual particles
   S01N15/10H: . . Other than optical measurement of deformation of individual particles
   S01N15/10M: . . Micro-structural devices for other than electro-optical measurement (for electro-optical measurement S01N15/14M)
   S01N15/10P: . . counting the particles by other than electro-optical means
   S01N15/10R: . . Recognizing failure of the analyser, e.g. bubbles; Quality control for particle analysers
   S01N15/10S: . . Determining speed or velocity of a particle
   S01N15/10T: . . Sorting the particles
   S01N15/10W: . . Particle size
   S01N15/10Y: . . Particle shape
   S01N15/12: . . Coulter-counters
   S01N15/12B: . . . Details
   S01N15/12B1: . . . . concerning the aperture
   S01N15/12B2: . . . . Circuits
   S01N15/12B3: . . . . Flow forming
   S01N15/12C: . . . Devices using more than one aperture
   S01N15/12D: . . . Electrodes
   S01N15/12D2: . . . . Scanning electrodes
   S01N15/12F: . . . Cleaning
   S01N15/12G: . . . Detecting blocking debris
   S01N15/12H: . . . measuring the ratio of AC/DC impedances
   S01N15/14: . . Electro-optical investigation, e.g. flow cytometers
   S01N15/14A: . . . Data analysis by thresholding or gating operations performed on the acquired signals or stored data
   S01N15/14C: . . . Flow forming, e.g. in flow cells
   S01N15/14C11: . . . . Electrical focussing
   S01N15/14C2: . . . . Control of droplet point
   S01N15/14C3: . . . . Control of supply of sheaths fluid, e.g. sample injection control
   S01N15/14C3B: . . . . . Features of sheats fluids
   S01N15/14C4: . . . . Hydrodynamic focussing
   S01N15/14C5: . . . . Control of particle position
   S01N15/14C7: . . . . Eliminating clogging of debris
   S01N15/14C9: . . . . Acoustic or ultrasonic focussing
   S01N15/14D: . . . using an analyser being characterised by its control arrangement
   S01N15/14D2: . . . . with the synchronisation of components, a time gate for operation of components, or suppression of particle coincidences [M1208]
   S01N15/14E: . . . using an analyser being characterised by its signal processing
   S01N15/14E2: . . . . the electronics being integrated with the analyser, e.g. hand-held devices for on-site investigation
   S01N15/14F: . . . using an analyser being characterised by its optical arrangement
   S01N15/14F1: . . . . the optical arrangement forming an integrated apparatus with the sample container, e.g. a flow cell [M1208]
   S01N15/14F2: . . . . Using two lasers in succession
   S01N15/14F3: . . . . Imaging characterised by its optical setup
   S01N15/14F3B: . . . . . Auxiliary imaging
   S01N15/14F3D: . . . . . Three-dimensional imaging, imaging in different image planes, e.g. under different angles or at different depths, e.g. by a relative motion of sample and detector, for instance by tomography
   S01N15/14F4: . . . . Spatial selection
   S01N15/14F4C: . . . . . by pattern of light, e.g. fringe pattern
   S01N15/14F5: . . . . Adjustment of focus; Alignment
   S01N15/14F6: . . . . with monitoring or gating
   S01N15/14F8: . . . . using phase shift or interference, e.g. for improving contrast
   S01N15/14G: . . . without spatial resolution of the texture or inner structure of the particle, e.g. processing of pulse signals
   S01N15/14G1: . . . . the analysis being performed on a sample stream
   S01N15/14G2: . . . . Coincidence detecting; Circuits therefor
   S01N15/14G3: . . . . using image analysis for extracting features of the particle
   S01N15/14G3C: . . . . . image analysis on colour image
   S01N15/14H: . . . with spatial resolution of the texture or inner structure of the particle
   S01N15/14H1: . . . . the analysis being performed on a sample stream
   S01N15/14H2: . . . . with colour
   S01N15/14H3: . . . . using image analysis for extracting features of the particle
   S01N15/14K: . . . Multiparameters
   S01N15/14K2: . . . . Using diffuse illumination or excitation
   S01N15/14L: . . . Optical analysis of particle in droplet
   S01N15/14M: . . . micro-structural devices
   S01N15/14P: . . . Counting the particles
   S01N15/14S: . . . Methods for deciding
   S01N15/14T: . . . Sorting the particles
   S01N15/14W: . . . Particle size
   S01N15/14W1: . . . . Deformation of particles
   S01N15/14Y: . . . Particle shape
   S01N17/00: Investigating resistance of materials to the weather, to corrosion, or to light
   S01N17/00A: Test chambers
   S01N17/00C: to light
   S01N17/00D: of metals
   S01N17/00E: Monitoring fouling
   S01N17/02: Electrochemical measuring systems for weathering, corrosion or corrosion-protection measurement
   S01N17/04: Corrosion probes
   S01N17/04A: . . Coupons
   S01N17/04A2: . . . Means for supporting or introducing coupons
   S01N19/00: Investigating materials by mechanical methods
   S01N19/02: Measuring coefficient of friction between materials
   S01N19/02B: . . Non-rotary, i.e. using linear or reciprocating motion
   S01N19/02F: . . Adapted for measuring shoe/floor interface friction
   S01N19/02M: . . Adapted for measurements of friction on magnetic recording media and the like
   S01N19/02R: . . Specially adapted for measuring road/tyre interface friction
   S01N19/02S: . . Measuring friction in a solid/fluid interface (skin friction)
   S01N19/04: Measuring adhesive force between materials, e.g. of sealing tape, of coating
   S01N19/06: Investigating by removing material, e.g. spark-testing
   S01N19/08: Detecting presence of flaws or irregularities
   S01N19/10: Measuring moisture content, e.g. by measuring change in length of hygroscopic filament; Hygrometers
   S01N21/00: Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible, or ultra-violet light
   S01N21/01: Arrangements or apparatus for facilitating the optical investigation
   S01N21/01B: . . General arrangement of respective parts
   S01N21/01B2: . . . Apparatus in one mechanical, optical or electronic block
   S01N21/01B3: . . . Apparatus with remote processing
   S01N21/01B3D: . . . . with stored program or instructions
   S01N21/01B3D2: . . . . . being externally stored
   S01N21/01B3F: . . . . with PC or the like
   S01N21/01B3G: . . . . with internal and external computer
   S01N21/01B4: . . . Apparatus with interchangeable optical heads or interchangeable block of optics and detector
   S01N21/01B4A: . . . . with optics only in separate head, e.g. connection by optical fibres
   S01N21/01H: . . using microprocessors for control of a sequence of operations, e.g. test, powering, switching, processing
   S01N21/01H2: . . . for the measurement cycle
   S01N21/01H3: . . . for selecting operating means
   S01N21/01K: . . Memory or computer-assisted visual determination
   S01N21/01M: . . Mechanical sequence of operations
   S01N21/01N: . . the sample being taken from a stream or flow to the measurement cell
   S01N21/03: . . Cuvette constructions
   S01N21/03A: . . . Optical path conditioning in the cell
   S01N21/03A2: . . . . Insert part in cell
   S01N21/03B: . . . Multipass arrangements
   S01N21/03B3: . . . . Double pass, autocollimated path
   S01N21/03C: . . . High pressure cells
   S01N21/03D: . . . One time use cells, e.g. integrally moulded
   S01N21/03F: . . . Cells for testing reactions, e.g. containing reagents
   S01N21/03F2: . . . . Arrangement of two or more cells having different functions for the measurement of reactions
   S01N21/03G: . . . with temperature control
   S01N21/03G2: . . . . Refrigeration of cells; Cold stages
   S01N21/03H: . . . Holders for solids, powders
   S01N21/03J: . . . Solid sample being immersed, e.g. equiindex fluid
   S01N21/03K: . . . Capillary cells; Microcells
   S01N21/03K2: . . . . Supports for sample drops
   S01N21/03K2B: . . . . . Conveyer of successive sample drops
   S01N21/03L: . . . Sets of cuvettes
   S01N21/03M: . . . transformable, modifiable
   S01N21/03N: . . . flexible, compressible
   S01N21/03P: . . . Supports of cells, e.g. pivotable
   S01N21/03P2: . . . . Supports combined with sample intake
   S01N21/03P3: . . . . Slidable cells
   S01N21/03S: . . . Shapes
   S01N21/03S2: . . . . Frustoconical, tapered cell
   S01N21/03T: . . . Diffusing membrane; Semipermeable membrane
   S01N21/03W: . . . Windows
   S01N21/03W2: . . . . Nonplanar windows
   S01N21/03W3: . . . . Oblique incidence
   S01N21/05: . . . Flow-through cuvettes
   S01N21/05B: . . . . Tubular type; cavity type; multireflective
   S01N21/05C: . . . . Bubble trap; Debubbling
   S01N21/05D: . . . . Laminated construction
   S01N21/05F: . . . . Flat flow cell
   S01N21/07: . . . Centrifugal type cuvettes
   S01N21/89K2A: . . . . . . filiform textiles, e.g. yarns
   S01N21/09: . . . adapted to resist hostile environments or corrosive or abrasive materials
   S01N21/11: . . Filling or emptying of cuvettes
   S01N21/11B: . . . Washing; Purging
   S01N21/13: . . Moving of cuvettes or solid samples to or from the investigating station
   S01N21/13B: . . . Sample holder displaceable
   S01N21/15: . . Preventing contamination of the components of the optical system or obstruction of the light path
   S01N21/15B: . . . Gas blown
   S01N21/15C: . . . Scraping; Brushing; Moving band
   S01N21/15D: . . . Ultrasonic cleaning
   S01N21/15F: . . . Monitoring cleanness of window, lens, or other parts
   S01N21/15F2: . . . . Monitoring by optical means
   S01N21/15G: . . . Eliminating condensation
   S01N21/17: Systems in which incident light is modified in accordance with the properties of the material investigated
   S01N21/171: . . Sequential different kinds of measurements; Combining two or more methods
   S01N21/171D: . . . with two or more light sources
   S01N21/172: . . Optionally different kinds of measurements; Method being valid for different kinds of measurement
   S01N21/172B: . . . either (absorption, reflection) or (emission, fluorescence)
   S01N21/172C: . . . either absorption or reflection
   S01N21/172D: . . . either absorption or scatter
   S01N21/173: . . Method using tracers
   S01N21/174: . . Comparative step being essential in the method
   S01N21/174B: . . . Constructive features therefore, e.g. using two measurement cells
   S01N21/174B2: . . . . and using two light sources
   S01N21/174B3: . . . . and using two apparatus or two probes
   S01N21/175: . . Method implying a modulation of a physical parameter
   S01N21/175C: . . . Carrier modulation in semiconductors
   S01N21/175E: . . . Electromodulation
   S01N21/175F: . . . Fluid modulation
   S01N21/175L: . . . Modulation of properties by light, e.g. photoreflectance
   S01N21/175M: . . . Magnetomodulation
   S01N21/175P: . . . Piezomodulation
   S01N21/175T: . . . Temperature modulation
   S01N21/176: . . Time modulation of light being essential to the method, e.g. with means such as from
   S01N21/176B: . . . Jittering, dithering, optical path modulation
   S01N21/177: . . A physical transformation being implied in the method, e.g. a phase change
   S01N21/177G: . . . Gas to liquid phase change
   S01N21/178: . . Method using an image detector and processing of image signal
   S01N21/178B: . . . using photographic film
   S01N21/178D: . . . Detector of the video camera type
   S01N21/178D2: . . . . Colour camera
   S01N21/178D3: . . . . Array detector
   S01N21/178D3L: . . . . . Line array detector
   S01N21/178D4: . . . . IIT (intensified image tube)
   S01N21/179: . . Methods for obtaining spatial resolution of the property being measured
   S01N21/179D: . . . In-depth resolution
   S01N21/179F: . . . Three dimensional
   S01N21/179F2: . . . . Tomographic (computerised reconstruction from projective measurements)
   S01N21/17B: . . Detection of an optoacoustic or photoacoustic effect
   S01N21/17B2: . . . in gases
   S01N21/17B3: . . . in solids
   S01N21/17B4: . . . with piezotransducers
   S01N21/17C: . . Photothermal effect; Measuring optical absorption by a detection of thermal effect
   S01N21/17C2: . . . Thermal lens, mirage effect
   S01N21/17C3: . . . Photothermal radiometry with measurement of emission
   S01N21/17M: . . Method implying a modulation of a physical parameter
   S01N21/17M2: . . . Carrier modulation in semiconductors
   S01N21/17M3: . . . Electromodulation
   S01N21/17M4: . . . Fluid modulation
   S01N21/17M5: . . . Modulation of properties by light, e.g. photoreflectance
   S01N21/17M6: . . . Magnetomodulation
   S01N21/17M7: . . . Piezomodulation
   S01N21/17M8: . . . Temperature modulation
   S01N21/17N: . . Sequential different kinds of measurements; Combining two or more methods
   S01N21/17N2: . . . with two or more light sources
   S01N21/17P: . . Optionally different kinds of measurements; Method being valid for different kinds of measurement
   S01N21/17P2: . . . either absorption-reflection or emission-fluorescence
   S01N21/17P3: . . . either absorption or reflection
   S01N21/17P4: . . . either absorption or scatter
   S01N21/17R: . . Method using tracers
   S01N21/17S: . . Comparative step being essential in the method
   S01N21/17S2: . . . Constructive features therefore, e.g. using two measurement cells
   S01N21/17S2B: . . . . and using two light sources
   S01N21/17S2C: . . . . and using two apparatus or two probes
   S01N21/17T: . . Time modulation of light being essential to the method of light modification, e.g. using single detector
   S01N21/17T2: . . . Jittering, dithering, optical path modulation
   S01N21/17U: . . A physical transformation being implied in the method, e.g. a phase change
   S01N21/17U2: . . . Gas to liquid phase change
   S01N21/17V: . . Method using an image detector and processing of image signal
   S01N21/17V2: . . . using photographic film
   S01N21/17V3: . . . Detector of the video camera type
   S01N21/17V3A: . . . . Array detector
   S01N21/17V3A2: . . . . . Line array detector
   S01N21/17V3C: . . . . Colour camera
   S01N21/17V3T: . . . . IIT [intensified image tube]
   S01N21/17W: . . Methods for obtaining spatial resolution of the property being measured
   S01N21/17W2: . . . In-depth resolution
   S01N21/17W3: . . . Three dimensional
   S01N21/17W3T: . . . . Tomographic, i.e. computerised reconstruction from projective measurements
   S01N21/17X: . . Time resolved
   S01N21/17X2: . . . stroboscopic; pulse gated; time range gated
   S01N21/17Y: . . Remote sensing
   S01N21/17Y2: . . . Atmospheric mapping of gases
   S01N21/17Y3: . . . in landscape, e.g. crops
   S01N21/180: . . Hyphenated, not otherwise provided for
   S01N21/180B: . . . Optoacoustic or photoacoustic effect is detected
   S01N21/180B2: . . . . in gases
   S01N21/180B3: . . . . in solids
   S01N21/180B4: . . . . with piezotransducers
   S01N21/180C: . . . Photothermal effect; Measuring optical absorption by a detection of thermal effect
   S01N21/180C2: . . . . Thermal lens, mirage effect
   S01N21/180C3: . . . . Photothermal radiometry, with measurement of emission
   S01N21/181: . . Time resolved
   S01N21/181B: . . . stroboscopic; pulse gated; time range gated
   S01N21/182: . . Remote sensing
   S01N21/182B: . . . Atmospheric mapping of gases
   S01N21/182C: . . . in landscape, e.g. crops
   S01N21/19: . . Dichroism
   S01N21/21: . . Polarisation-affecting properties
   S01N21/21B: . . . Ellipsometry
   S01N21/21B3: . . . . Arrangement with total internal reflection
   S01N21/21B4: . . . . Spectrometric ellipsometry
   S01N21/21B5: . . . . Variangle incidence arrangement
   S01N21/21B6: . . . . Brewster incidence arrangement
   S01N21/21C: . . . using circular polarised light
   S01N21/21D: . . . Measuring depolarisation or comparing polarised and depolarised parts of light
   S01N21/21F: . . . Measuring properties of electrooptical or magnetooptical media
   S01N21/23: . . . Bi-refringence
   S01N21/25: . . Colour; Spectral properties, i.e. comparison of effect of material on the light at two or more different wavelengths or wavelength bands
   S01N21/25B: . . . Colorimeters; Construction thereof
   S01N21/25B2: . . . . for batch operation, i.e. multisample apparatus
   S01N21/25C: . . . Details, e.g. use of specially adapted sources, lighting or optical systems
   S01N21/25D: . . . Arrangements using two alternating lights and one detector
   S01N21/25S: . . . Surface plasmon spectroscopy, e.g. micro- or nano- particles in suspension
   S01N21/27: . . . using photo-electric detection; Circuits for computing concentration
   S01N21/27C: . . . . for following a reaction, e.g. for determining photometrically a reaction rate, i.e. photometric cinetic analysis
   S01N21/27E: . . . . Calibration; Base line adjustment; Drift correction
   S01N21/27E2: . . . . . with alternation of sample and standard in optical path
   S01N21/27E3: . . . . . Constitution of standards
   S01N21/29: . . . using visual detection
   S01N21/29B: . . . . with colour charts, graduated scales or turrets
   S01N21/29C: . . . . Visually measuring scintillation effect
   S01N21/31: . . . Investigating relative effect of material at wavelengths characteristic of specific elements or molecules, e.g. atomic absorption spectrometry
   S01N21/31A: . . . . Atomic absorption analysis
   S01N21/31A2: . . . . . Cold vapor, e.g. determination of Hg
   S01N21/31A3: . . . . . using Zeeman split
   S01N21/31A4: . . . . . Multi-element AAS arrangements
   S01N21/31A5: . . . . . Commutating sources, e.g. line source/broad source, chopping for comparison of broad/narrow regimes
   S01N21/31A6: . . . . . using a broad source with a monochromator
   S01N21/31B: . . . . Measuring the absorption by excited molecules
   S01N21/31C: . . . . Determining multicomponents by multiwavelength light
   S01N21/31C2: . . . . . with selection of wavelengths before the sample
   S01N21/31C3: . . . . . with selection of wavelengths after the sample
   S01N21/31D: . . . . with comparison of measurements at specific and non-specific wavelengths
   S01N21/31D2: . . . . . for oxymetry
   S01N21/31D3: . . . . . using three or more wavelengths
   S01N21/31D4: . . . . . using two sources of radiation of different wavelengths
   S01N21/31D5: . . . . . Measuring in two spectral ranges, e.g. UV and visible
   S01N21/31D6: . . . . . Special features of multiplexing circuits
   S01N21/31D6B: . . . . . . with offset adjustment between filters
   S01N21/31D7: . . . . . using separate detectors and filters
   S01N21/31D8: . . . . . Special constructive features
   S01N21/31D8B: . . . . . . Filter wheel
   S01N21/31D8C: . . . . . . Use of spatially separated filters in simultaneous way
   S01N21/31D9: . . . . . using LEDs
   S01N21/31F: . . . . typically monochromatic or band-limited
   S01N21/31F2: . . . . . band-limited
   S01N21/31F4: . . . . . Absorption edge variation is measured
   S01N21/31K: . . . . Correlating located peaks in spectrum with reference data, e.g. fingerprint data
   S01N21/33: . . . . using ultra-violet light
   S01N21/33B: . . . . . Vacuum UV
   S01N21/35: . . . . using infra-red light
   S01N21/35B: . . . . . for analysing gases, e.g. multigases analysis
   S01N21/35B1: . . . . . . Correlation method, e.g. one beam alternating in correlator/sample field
   S01N21/35B2: . . . . . . Open path with an instrumental source
   S01N21/35B3: . . . . . . Modulation by gas filter cell, or chopper and gas filter cell
   S01N21/35B3B: . . . . . . . balancing by two filters on two detectors
   S01N21/35B3C: . . . . . . . and using one filter cell as attenuator
   S01N21/35B4: . . . . . . without instrumental source, i.e. radiometric
   S01N21/35B5: . . . . . . using modulation of pressure or density
   S01N21/35B6: . . . . . . Hygrometry of gases
   S01N21/35B7: . . . . . . Disposition for compensating effect of interfering gases
   S01N21/35B7B: . . . . . . . by using a third optical path, e.g. interference cuvette
   S01N21/35C: . . . . . for determining moisture, e.g. in paper
   S01N21/35C2: . . . . . . [N: in sheets, e.g. in paper][N: WARNINGNot complete, see also G01N21/35C]
   S01N21/35D: . . . . . for analysing solids, e.g. preparation of samples therefor
   S01N21/35D2: . . . . . . applied to semiconductors, e.g. Silicon
   S01N21/35D3: . . . . . . Preparation of samples, e.g. salt matrices
   S01N21/35E: . . . . . for analysing liquids, e.g. polluted water
   S01N21/35F: . . . . . Far IR, submillimeter waves
   S01N21/35F2: . . . . . . by Terahertz time domain spectroscopy [THz-TDS ]
   S01N21/35G: . . . . . Near IR
   S01N21/35H: . . . . . using FTIR
   S01N21/37: . . . . . using pneumatic detection
   S01N21/39: . . . . using tunable lasers
   S01N21/39B: . . . . . Intracavity sample
   S01N21/39C: . . . . . Measuring reradiation, e.g. fluorescence, backscatter
   S01N21/39C2: . . . . . . and using a spectral variation of the interaction of the laser beam and the sample
   S01N21/39D: . . . . . DIAL method
   S01N21/39F: . . . . . using a topographic target
   S01N21/39S: . . . . . Type of laser source
   S01N21/39S1: . . . . . . Dye laser
   S01N21/39S2: . . . . . . CO2 laser
   S01N21/39S3: . . . . . . Diode laser
   S01N21/41: . . Refractivity; Phase-affecting properties, e.g. optical path length
   S01N21/41A: . . . Atmospheric distortion; Turbulence
   S01N21/41A2: . . . . Atmospheric dispersion
   S01N21/41B: . . . Index profiling of optical fibres
   S01N21/41C: . . . Index of thin films
   S01N21/41D: . . . Refractometers, e.g. differential
   S01N21/41D2: . . . . Correcting temperature effect in refractometers
   S01N21/41D3: . . . . Differential cell arrangements
   S01N21/41D4: . . . . Measuring the deflection of light in refractometers
   S01N21/41F: . . . Visualising flow by index measurement
   S01N21/41G: . . . Methods effecting a waveguide mode enhancement through the property being measured
   S01N21/41N: . . . Phase distribution
   S01N21/41N1: . . . . Frequency/phase diagrams
   S01N21/41N2: . . . . Phase modulation imaging
   S01N21/41N3: . . . . using a PSD
   S01N21/43: . . . by measuring critical angle
   S01N21/43B: . . . . Dip refractometers, e.g. using optical fibres
   S01N21/43B2: . . . . . comprising optical fibres
   S01N21/43B2F: . . . . . . with an unclad part on the fibre
   S01N21/43C: . . . . Dipping block in contact with sample, e.g. prism
   S01N21/43D: . . . . Sensing drops on the contact surface
   S01N21/43R: . . . . Sensing resonant reflection
   S01N21/43R2: . . . . . with investigation of angle
   S01N21/43R3: . . . . . with investigation of wavelength
   S01N21/45: . . . using interferometric methods; using Schlieren methods
   S01N21/45A: . . . . for determining the optical absorption
   S01N21/45B: . . . . Holographic interferometry
   S01N21/45C: . . . . Schlieren methods, e.g. for gradient index determination; Shadowgraph
   S01N21/45D: . . . . Moire deflectometry
   S01N21/45S: . . . . using interferential sensor, e.g. sensor fibre, possibly on optical waveguide
   S01N21/47: . . Scattering, i.e. diffuse reflection
   S01N21/471: . . . Global scatter; Total scatter, excluding reflections
   S01N21/472: . . . Angular selective
   S01N21/472B: . . . . Forward scatter; Low angle scatter
   S01N21/472C: . . . . Backscatter
   S01N21/472D: . . . . Multiangle measurement
   S01N21/472D2: . . . . . Continuous plural angles
   S01N21/472D3: . . . . . Using a ring of sensors, or a combination of diaphragm and sensors; Annular sensor
   S01N21/472D4: . . . . . using a optical fibre array
   S01N21/472D5: . . . . . using a PSD
   S01N21/472D6: . . . . . Scanning scatter angles
   S01N21/472F: . . . . Detecting scatter at 90°
   S01N21/472H: . . . . Optical definition of scattering volume
   S01N21/473: . . . Diffraction
   S01N21/473S: . . . . Speckle
   S01N21/474: . . . Compensating for unwanted scatter, e.g. reliefs, marks
   S01N21/475: . . . Polarisation of scatter light
   S01N21/476: . . . Investigating strongly scattering media, e.g. for spatially resolving
   S01N21/476T: . . . . time resolved (e.g. analysis of ballistic photons) ÄN9510Ü
   S01N21/477: . . . Discriminating different types of scatterers
   S01N21/478: . . . Solid samples, e.g. paper, glass
   S01N21/479: . . . Standards, calibration for scatter measuring devices
   S01N21/47A: . . . Global scatter; Total scatter, excluding reflections
   S01N21/47B: . . . Angular selective
   S01N21/47B2: . . . . Forward scatter; Low angle scatter
   S01N21/47B3: . . . . Backscatter
   S01N21/47B4: . . . . Multiangle measurement
   S01N21/47B4A: . . . . . Continuous plural angles
   S01N21/47B4B: . . . . . Using a ring of sensors, or a combination of diaphragm and sensors; Annular sensor
   S01N21/47B4C: . . . . . using a optical fibre array
   S01N21/47B4D: . . . . . using a PSD
   S01N21/47B4E: . . . . . Scanning scatter angles
   S01N21/47B5: . . . . Detecting scatter at 90°
   S01N21/47B6: . . . . Optical definition of scattering volume
   S01N21/47C: . . . Compensating for unwanted scatter, e.g. reliefs, marks
   S01N21/47D: . . . Discriminating different types of scatterers
   S01N21/47E: . . . Solid samples, e.g. paper, glass
   S01N21/47F: . . . Diffuse reflection
   S01N21/47F2: . . . . Constructive or optical features of apparatus
   S01N21/47F2F: . . . . . comprising optical fibres
   S01N21/47F2F2: . . . . . . Fused bundle, i.e. for backscatter
   S01N21/47F2F3: . . . . . . Concentric bundles
   S01N21/47F2F4: . . . . . . Bifurcated bundle
   S01N21/47F2G: . . . . . Geometry
   S01N21/47F2G2: . . . . . . Diffuse illumination
   S01N21/47F2G3: . . . . . . Geometry 0/45° or 45/0°
   S01N21/47F2G4: . . . . . . Annular illumination
   S01N21/47F2G5: . . . . . . Mirror arrangements, e.g. in IR range
   S01N21/47F3: . . . . Special kinds of physical applications
   S01N21/47F3B: . . . . . Sample containing fluorescent brighteners
   S01N21/47F3C: . . . . . Fluid samples, e.g. slurries, granulates; Compressible powdery of fibrous samples
   S01N21/47F3D: . . . . . Matte surfaces with reflecting particles
   S01N21/47F3F: . . . . . Partly or totally translucent samples
   S01N21/47F4: . . . . Miscellaneous in diffuse reflection devices
   S01N21/47F4B: . . . . . Correcting variations in front distance
   S01N21/47F4C: . . . . . Application in testing analytical test strips
   S01N21/47F4D: . . . . . Examining under varying incidence; Angularly adjustable head
   S01N21/47G: . . . Standards, calibration for scatter measuring devices
   S01N21/47H: . . . Diffraction
   S01N21/47H2: . . . . Speckle
   S01N21/47P: . . . Polarisation of scatter light
   S01N21/47S: . . . Investigating strongly scattering media; Obtaining spatially resolved information from strongly scattering media, e.g. tomography
   S01N21/47S2: . . . . time resolved, e.g. analysis of ballistic photons
   S01N21/480: . . . Diffuse reflection
   S01N21/481: . . . . Constructive or optical features of apparatus
   S01N21/481B: . . . . . comprising optical fibres
   S01N21/481B2: . . . . . . Fused bundle, i.e. for backscatter
   S01N21/481B3: . . . . . . Concentric bundles
   S01N21/481B4: . . . . . . Bifurcated bundle
   S01N21/481C: . . . . . Geometry
   S01N21/481C2: . . . . . . Diffuse illumination
   S01N21/481C3: . . . . . . Geometry 0/45 or 45/0
   S01N21/481C4: . . . . . . Annular illumination
   S01N21/481C5: . . . . . . Mirror arrangements, e.g. in IR range
   S01N21/482: . . . . Special kinds of physical applications
   S01N21/482B: . . . . . Sample containing fluorescent brighteners
   S01N21/482C: . . . . . Fluid samples, e.g. slurries, granulates; Compressible powdery of fibrous samples
   S01N21/482D: . . . . . Matte surfaces with reflecting particles
   S01N21/482F: . . . . . Partly or totally translucent samples
   S01N21/483: . . . . Miscellaneous in diffuse reflection devices
   S01N21/483B: . . . . . Correcting variations in front distance
   S01N21/483C: . . . . . Application in testing analytical test strips
   S01N21/483D: . . . . . Examining under varying incidence; Angularly adjustable head
   S01N21/49: . . . within a body or fluid
   S01N21/49D: . . . . the fluid being adsorbed, e.g. in porous medium
   S01N21/51: . . . . inside a container, e.g. in an ampoule
   S01N21/51C: . . . . . Cuvettes for scattering measurements
   S01N21/51M: . . . . . Multiple excitation of scattering medium, e.g. by retro-reflected or multiply reflected excitation rays
   S01N21/53: . . . . within a flowing fluid, e.g. smoke
   S01N21/53A: . . . . . with measurement of scattering and transmission
   S01N21/53B: . . . . . by measuring transmission alone, i.e. determining opacity
   S01N21/53B3: . . . . . . Measurement device mounted at stack
   S01N21/53C: . . . . . for determining atmospheric attenuation and visibility
   S01N21/55: . . Specular reflectivity
   S01N21/55A: . . . Retroreflectance
   S01N21/55B: . . . Attenuated total reflection
   S01N21/55B2: . . . . from surface plasmon coupling
   S01N21/55B2N: . . . . . detecting the surface plasmon resonance of nanostructured metals, e.g. localised surface plasmon resonance
   S01N21/55C: . . . Measuring total reflection power, i.e. scattering and specular
   S01N21/55D: . . . Measuring separately scattering and specular
   S01N21/55G: . . . Detecting specular reflective parts on sample
   S01N21/55H: . . . Measuring reflectivity and transmission
   S01N21/55K: . . . Determining variation of specular reflection within diffusively reflecting sample
   S01N21/57: . . . Measuring gloss
   S01N21/57B: . . . . Photogoniometering
   S01N21/59: . . Transmissivity
   S01N21/59A: . . . using surface plasmon resonance [SPR], e.g. extraordinary optical transmission [EOT]
   S01N21/59B: . . . Densitometers
   S01N21/59B2: . . . . of the scanning type
   S01N21/59B4: . . . . Processing scan data in densitometry
   S01N21/59B4B: . . . . . Determining total density of a zone
   S01N21/59B4C: . . . . . Determining zones of density; quantitating spots
   S01N21/59B4D: . . . . . Isodensitometers
   S01N21/59B4E: . . . . . Correcting from the background density
   S01N21/59B4F: . . . . . Averaging on a zone
   S01N21/59B4G: . . . . . Features of monitor, display
   S01N21/59B4H: . . . . . for dot area ratio in printing applications
   S01N21/59B4K: . . . . . for binary signal
   S01N21/59B4N: . . . . . Correcting nonlinearity of signal, e.g. in measurement of photomedium
   S01N21/59B4S: . . . . . for detecting a spatial spectrum
   S01N21/59B6: . . . . using an image detector type detector, e.g. CCD
   S01N21/59B6B: . . . . . using arrays of sources and detectors
   S01N21/59B6C: . . . . . using selected detectors in an array
   S01N21/59B7: . . . . Scanning of a tube, a cuvette, a volume of sample
   S01N21/59B7C: . . . . . where the cuvette or tube is moved
   S01N21/59B8: . . . . Image projected and scanning projected image
   S01N21/59B9: . . . . Features of mounting, adjusting
   S01N21/59B9B: . . . . . height adjustable
   S01N21/59B9C: . . . . . Fluid mounting or the like, e.g. vortex
   S01N21/59B9D: . . . . . Double pass
   S01N21/59B9F: . . . . . Positioning the head
   S01N21/61: . . . Non-dispersive gas analysers
   S01N21/62: Systems in which the material investigated is excited whereby it emits light or causes a change in wavelength of the incident light
   S01N21/62M: . . Excitation by energised particles such as metastable molecules
   S01N21/63: . . optically excited
   S01N21/63C: . . . using photolysis and investigating photolysed fragments
   S01N21/63C2: . . . . Predissociation, e.g. for fluorescence of transient excited radicals
   S01N21/63D: . . . Photoinduced grating used for analysis
   S01N21/63F: . . . Photochromic material analysis
   S01N21/63G: . . . Photosynthetic material analysis, e.g. chrorophyll
   S01N21/63H: . . . Arrangements with pump and probe beams, not otherwise provided for
   S01N21/63H2: . . . . Lasing effect used for analysis
   S01N21/63H3: . . . . Brillouin effect, e.g. stimulated Brillouin effect
   S01N21/64: . . . Fluorescence; Phosphorescence
   S01N21/641: . . . . visual
   S01N21/642: . . . . Atomic fluorescence; Laser induced fluorescence
   S01N21/642A: . . . . . Atomic fluorescence
   S01N21/642A4: . . . . . . multi-element
   S01N21/643: . . . . Spectrofluorimetric devices
   S01N21/643B: . . . . . Excitation at two or more wavelengths
   S01N21/643C: . . . . . Measuring at two or more wavelengths
   S01N21/643D: . . . . . Spectral mapping, video display
   S01N21/643F: . . . . . Determining Fraunhofer lines
   S01N21/644: . . . . Time resolved; Time decay investigating
   S01N21/644B: . . . . . Phosphorimetry, gated
   S01N21/644C: . . . . . Distinction short and delayed fluorescence or phosphorescence
   S01N21/644D: . . . . . with two excitations, e.g. strong pump/probe flash
   S01N21/645: . . . . Investigating fluorescence of reactions, indicators, labels
   S01N21/645B: . . . . . Quenching
   S01N21/645C: . . . . . Optrodes
   S01N21/645D: . . . . . for analysing tapes
   S01N21/645F: . . . . . with indicators, stains, dyes, tags, labels, marks
   S01N21/645F2: . . . . . . with two or more labels
   S01N21/645G: . . . . . Fluorimetric titration
   S01N21/646: . . . . having spatial resolution
   S01N21/646C: . . . . . Microscopic type
   S01N21/646D: . . . . . Detecting fluorescent inhomogeneities at a position, e.g. for detecting defects
   S01N21/647: . . . . Constructive features of fluorimetric devices
   S01N21/647B: . . . . . Optics
   S01N21/647B2: . . . . . . Cavity, e.g. ellipsoid
   S01N21/647B3: . . . . . . Evanescent coupling; Surface plasmon coupling
   S01N21/647B4: . . . . . . In-line geometry
   S01N21/647B4F: . . . . . . . Front end, i.e. backscatter, geometry
   S01N21/647B5: . . . . . . Special filters, filter wheel
   S01N21/647B6: . . . . . . Axial flow and illumination
   S01N21/647B7: . . . . . . Special lenses
   S01N21/647B8: . . . . . . Angular discrimination
   S01N21/647C: . . . . . Cells
   S01N21/647F: . . . . . Optical fibres
   S01N21/648: . . . . Miscellaneous methods
   S01N21/648P: . . . . . Fluorescence polarisation
   S01N21/648T: . . . . . Measuring fluorescence and transmission; Correcting inner filter effect
   S01N21/648T2: . . . . . . by alternating fluorescence/transmission or fluorescence/reflection
   S01N21/649: . . . . Miscellaneous applications
   S01N21/649S: . . . . . Photoluminescence of semiconductors
   S01N21/64A: . . . . Atomic fluorescence; Laser induced fluorescence
   S01N21/64A2: . . . . . Atomic fluorescence
   S01N21/64A2A: . . . . . . multi-element
   S01N21/64F: . . . . Time resolved; Time decay investigating
   S01N21/64F2: . . . . . Phosphorimetry, gated
   S01N21/64F3: . . . . . Distinction short and delayed fluorescence or phosphorescence
   S01N21/64F4: . . . . . with two excitations, e.g. strong pump/probe flash
   S01N21/64G: . . . . Spectrofluorimetric devices
   S01N21/64G2: . . . . . Excitation at two or more wavelengths
   S01N21/64G3: . . . . . Measuring at two or more wavelengths
   S01N21/64G4: . . . . . Spectral mapping, video display
   S01N21/64G5: . . . . . Determining Fraunhofer lines
   S01N21/64H: . . . . Investigating fluorescence of reactions, indicators, labels
   S01N21/64H2: . . . . . non-biological material
   S01N21/64H4: . . . . . Quenching
   S01N21/64H5: . . . . . Optrodes
   S01N21/64H6: . . . . . for analysing tapes
   S01N21/64H7: . . . . . with indicators, stains, dyes, tags, labels, marks
   S01N21/64H7A: . . . . . . with two or more labels
   S01N21/64H8: . . . . . Fluorimetric titration
   S01N21/64L: . . . . Fluorescence polarisation
   S01N21/64M: . . . . visual
   S01N21/64P: . . . . Constructive features of fluorimetric devices
   S01N21/64P10: . . . . . Sample cells, cuvettes
   S01N21/64P12: . . . . . Optical fibres
   S01N21/64P2: . . . . . individual samples arranged in a regular 2D-array, e.g. multiwell plates
   S01N21/64P2D: . . . . . . using an integrated detector array
   S01N21/64P4: . . . . . having spatial resolution, imaging
   S01N21/64P4C: . . . . . . Microscopic type
   S01N21/64P4D: . . . . . . Detecting fluorescent inhomogeneities at a position, e.g. for detecting defects
   S01N21/64P6: . . . . . Optics
   S01N21/64P6A: . . . . . . Angular discrimination
   S01N21/64P6B: . . . . . . Axial flow and illumination
   S01N21/64P6C: . . . . . . Cavity, e.g. ellipsoid
   S01N21/64P6F: . . . . . . Special filters, filter wheel
   S01N21/64P6G: . . . . . . In-line geometry
   S01N21/64P6G2: . . . . . . . Front end, i.e. backscatter, geometry
   S01N21/64P6L: . . . . . . Special lenses
   S01N21/64P8: . . . . . Evanescent coupling; Surface plasmon coupling
   S01N21/64R: . . . . Measuring fluorescence of biological material without label
   S01N21/64S: . . . . Photoluminescence of semiconductors
   S01N21/64T: . . . . Measuring fluorescence and transmission; Correcting inner filter effect
   S01N21/64T2: . . . . . by alternating fluorescence/transmission or fluorescence/reflection
   S01N21/64V: . . . . Miscellaneous methods
   S01N21/64W: . . . . Miscellaneous applications
   S01N21/65: . . . Raman scattering
   S01N21/65B: . . . . Cuvettes therefore
   S01N21/65C: . . . . Coherent methods (CARS)
   S01N21/65C2: . . . . . Stimulated Raman
   S01N21/65C3: . . . . . Raman microprobe
   S01N21/65D: . . . . Enhancement Raman, e.g. surface plasmons
   S01N21/66: . . electrically excited, e.g. electroluminescence
   S01N21/67: . . . using electric arcs or discharges
   S01N21/68: . . . using high frequency electric fields
   S01N21/69: . . . specially adapted for fluids
   S01N21/69B: . . . . Molten metals
   S01N21/70: . . mechanically excited, e.g. triboluminescence
   S01N21/71: . . thermally excited
   S01N21/71B: . . . using formation of volatile hydride
   S01N21/71C: . . . Sample nebulisers for flame burners or plasma burners
   S01N21/71D: . . . by measuring the radiation emitted by a test object treated by combustion gases for investigating the composition of gas mixtures
   S01N21/71F: . . . Laser microanalysis, i.e. with formation of sample plasma
   S01N21/72: . . . using flame burners
   S01N21/72H: . . . . for determining of metalloids, using Beilstein type reaction
   S01N21/73: . . . using plasma burners or torches
   S01N21/74: . . . using flameless atomising, e.g. graphite furnaces
   S01N21/74C: . . . . Control of temperature, heating, ashing
   S01N21/75: Systems in which material is subjected to a chemical reaction, the progress or the result of the reaction being investigated
   S01N21/75C: . . Comparing reactive/non reactive substances
   S01N21/75D: . . Devices comprising reaction zones
   S01N21/75F: . . Reagent flow and intermittent injection of sample or vice-versa
   S01N21/75G: . . Comparing readings with/without reagents, or before/after reaction
   S01N21/75H: . . using immobilised reagents
   S01N21/75R: . . using reversible reaction
   S01N21/76: . . Chemiluminescence; Bioluminescence
   S01N21/76B: . . . Bioluminescence
   S01N21/76G: . . . of gases
   S01N21/77: . . by observing the effect on a chemical indicator
   S01N21/77B: . . . Optochemical sensors, e.g. reagent clad fibres, waveguides
   S01N21/77B2: . . . . Reagent provision
   S01N21/77B2B: . . . . . Distributed reagent, e.g. over length of guide
   S01N21/77B2B1: . . . . . . in core
   S01N21/77B2B2: . . . . . . in cladding
   S01N21/77B2C: . . . . . Tip coated light guide
   S01N21/77B2D: . . . . . Swelling part, also for adsorption sensor, i.e. without chemical reaction
   S01N21/77B2F: . . . . . Porous glass
   S01N21/77B2G: . . . . . Porous polymer jacket; Polymer matrix with indicator
   S01N21/77B2H: . . . . . Reservoir, liquid reagent
   S01N21/77B2K: . . . . . exposed, cladding free
   S01N21/77B3: . . . . the reagent being on a grating or periodic structure
   S01N21/77B3A: . . . . . the reagent-coated grating coupling light in or out of the waveguide
   S01N21/77B5: . . . . the waveguide coupled to a cavity resonator
   S01N21/77C: . . . Indicator and selective membrane
   S01N21/77D: . . . Reagent layer on photoelectrical transducer
   S01N21/77F: . . . Sensor type
   S01N21/77F2: . . . . Dipstick; Test strip
   S01N21/77F3: . . . . Sample through flow
   S01N21/77F4: . . . . Capillary fill
   S01N21/77H: . . . Measurement method of reaction-produced change in sensor
   S01N21/77H2: . . . . Reflection
   S01N21/77H3: . . . . Index
   S01N21/77H4: . . . . interferometric
   S01N21/77H5: . . . . Transmission, loss
   S01N21/77H6: . . . . Fluorescence
   S01N21/77H8: . . . . Cavity or resonator
   S01N21/77M: . . . Sensor comprising plural indicators
   S01N21/77P: . . . Special mountings, packaging of indicators
   S01N21/78: . . . producing a change of colour
   S01N21/78B: . . . . for analysing gases
   S01N21/78H: . . . . with auxiliary heating for reaction
   S01N21/79: . . . . Photometric titration
   S01N21/80: . . . . Indicating pH value
   S01N21/81: . . . . Indicating humidity
   S01N21/82: . . . Producing a precipitate or turbidity
   S01N21/82B: . . . . Agglutination
   S01N21/83: . . . . Turbidimetric titration
   S01N21/84: Systems specially adapted for particular applications
   S01N21/84B: . . Application to two-phase or mixed materials, e.g. gas dissolved in liquids
   S01N21/84B2: . . . for sorbed materials, e.g. humidity determining
   S01N21/84B3: . . . for determining solute
   S01N21/84B3B: . . . . for determining gas dissolved in liquids
   S01N21/84D: . . Application to online plant, process monitoring
   S01N21/84D2: . . . and process controlling, not otherwise provided for
   S01N21/84F: . . Investigating thin films, e.g. matrix isolation method
   S01N21/84F2: . . . Matrix isolation method
   S01N21/84F3: . . . Coatings
   S01N21/84F3B: . . . . Comparing coated/uncoated parts
   S01N21/84F4: . . . Mutilayers
   S01N21/84F5: . . . Suppressing interference effects
   S01N21/84F6: . . . Laminate bond
   S01N21/84F7: . . . Humidity layer
   S01N21/84F8: . . . Monomolecular layer
   S01N21/84G: . . Fibrous material
   S01N21/84G2: . . . Material being a fibre, e.g. glass fibre
   S01N21/84G3: . . . Wrapped-up fibrous material
   S01N21/84J: . . Ionic material
   S01N21/84J2: . . . Plurivalent ions in solution, e.g. ferrous
   S01N21/84L: . . Objects on a conveyer
   S01N21/84L2: . . . and using position detectors
   S01N21/84M: . . Investigating impurities in semiconductor, e.g. Silicon
   S01N21/84M1: . . . Impurities in semiconductor, e.g. Silicon
   S01N21/84M2: . . . Vegetal material, e.g. leaves
   S01N21/84M3: . . . Organic substances
   S01N21/84M3A: . . . . Aminoacids determination
   S01N21/84M4: . . . Composite materials
   S01N21/84M5: . . . Crystals
   S01N21/84M5L: . . . . Liquid crystals
   S01N21/84N: . . Investigation of vegetal material, e.g. leaves, plants, fruits
   S01N21/84P: . . Investigation of composite materials
   S01N21/84Q: . . Investigating crystals, e.g. liquid crystals
   S01N21/84R: . . Investigating reagent band
   S01N21/84R1: . . . the band presenting reference patches
   S01N21/84R3: . . . Measuring or storing parameters of the band
   S01N21/85: . . Investigating moving fluids or granular solids
   S01N21/85B: . . . Probe photometers, i.e. with optical measuring part dipped into fluid sample
   S01N21/85B2: . . . . with immersed mirror
   S01N21/85B2B: . . . . . with a combination mirror cell-cuvette
   S01N21/85B3: . . . . Immerged light conductor
   S01N21/85B3B: . . . . . presenting a cut
   S01N21/85B3C: . . . . . presenting an exposed part of the core
   S01N21/85B4: . . . . Underground probe, e.g. with provision of a penetration tool [M1201]
   S01N21/85D: . . . Special shaping of flow, e.g. using a by-pass line, jet flow, curtain flow [M1201]
   S01N21/85D1: . . . . Sample jet, sample flow curtain, flat flow
   S01N21/85D2: . . . . Sample as drops
   S01N21/85D3: . . . . Sample loop circuit
   S01N21/85D4: . . . . Expanding sample
   S01N21/85D5: . . . . Segmented flow
   S01N21/85D6: . . . . Thin liquid films in flow cell
   S01N21/85D7: . . . . using a by-pass line
   S01N21/85F: . . . using filtering of sample fluid
   S01N21/85G: . . . Gaseous flow
   S01N21/85G2: . . . . using porous sheets, e.g. for separating aerosols
   S01N21/85G3: . . . . using scrubbers
   S01N21/85H: . . . Grain or other flowing solid samples [M1201]
   S01N21/85H2: . . . . Molecular or atomic beams as samples; Vapour jets
   S01N21/85H3: . . . . Paste thread, adhesive bead, or the like
   S01N21/85L: . . . Divided flow; Monitoring subflows
   S01N21/85N: . . . Measuring cell in derivation of a flow line
   S01N21/85P: . . . using two or more successive detectors along flow line
   S01N21/85P2: . . . . and correlating
   S01N21/86: . . Investigating moving sheets
   S01N21/86B: . . . Investigating reagent band
   S01N21/86B3: . . . . the band presenting reference patches
   S01N21/86B4: . . . . and measuring or storing parameters of the band, strip, sheet
   S01N21/86C: . . . Optical head specially adapted
   S01N21/86C2: . . . . with an optically integrating part, e.g. hemisphere
   S01N21/86C3: . . . . with an illuminator over the whole width
   S01N21/86C3B: . . . . . Detecting arrangement therefore, e.g. collimators, screens
   S01N21/86D: . . . using multidetectors, detector array
   S01N21/86G: . . . Mechanical support; Mounting of sheet
   S01N21/86G2: . . . . adaptable, modifiable mounting
   S01N21/86M: . . . Properties of particular sheets
   S01N21/86M2: . . . . Paper
   S01N21/86M2B: . . . . . Paper formation parameter
   S01N21/86M2C: . . . . . Paper fibre orientation
   S01N21/86M3: . . . . Plastics
   S01N21/86M3C: . . . . . Orientation in plastics
   S01N21/86P: . . . Paper, e.g. gloss, moisture content
   S01N21/86P1: . . . . Paper formation parameter
   S01N21/86P3: . . . . Paper fibre orientation
   S01N21/86Q: . . . Plastics or polymeric material, e.g. polymers orientation in plastic, adhesive imprinted band
   S01N21/86R: . . . the sheet being a replica, such as adhesive band with imprint of object
   S01N21/87: . . Investigating jewels
   S01N21/88: . . Investigating the presence of flaws or contamination
   S01N21/881: . . . Optical or illumination features
   S01N21/881B: . . . . Adjustment for highlighting flaws
   S01N21/881C: . . . . Diffuser, e.g. "sky"
   S01N21/881C2: . . . . . by using multiple sources, e.g. LEDs
   S01N21/881C3: . . . . . by using retroreflecting screen
   S01N21/881D: . . . . dark field
   S01N21/881D2: . . . . . Separate dark and bright fields
   S01N21/881F: . . . . Projection shadow or background; Structured background, e.g. "DIFFRACTO"
   S01N21/881F2: . . . . . Background, e.g. for transparent object
   S01N21/881G: . . . . adjustable, e.g. software adjustable illumination
   S01N21/881H: . . . . stroboscopic, synchronised illumiation
   S01N21/881K: . . . . Illumination and scan on two sides of object
   S01N21/881L: . . . . Multiwavelength
   S01N21/882: . . . using visual observation for decision
   S01N21/882T: . . . . by viewing a TV image, without measurement
   S01N21/882T2: . . . . . by using measurement and processing image for helping visual decision
   S01N21/883: . . . Decision from measurement of special listed properties
   S01N21/883D: . . . . Pattern of diffraction
   S01N21/883F: . . . . Fluorescence
   S01N21/883P: . . . . Polarisation
   S01N21/883S: . . . . Strong deviation or scattering
   S01N21/885: . . . Grading; Classifying; Decision from relative importance of flaws
   S01N21/885C: . . . . Flaw counting
   S01N21/885D: . . . . Determining coordinates of flaws
   S01N21/885D2: . . . . . Memorising coordinates; Mapping zones of defects
   S01N21/885D3: . . . . . using lane subdivision, e.g. of sheet
   S01N21/885D4: . . . . . Determining locations of defects, then analysing types
   S01N21/885F: . . . . using sequentially two or more inspection runs, e.g. coarse and fine, or detecting then analysing
   S01N21/885F2: . . . . . Detecting by measurements at two or more directions, or angles, or positions
   S01N21/885F2C: . . . . . . at two or more contiguous positions
   S01N21/887: . . . Miscellaneous listed methods of processing scan signal
   S01N21/887B: . . . . Image storage, i.e. as important step of the method
   S01N21/887C: . . . . Image enhancement; Image substraction
   S01N21/887D: . . . . Proximity analysis, local statistics
   S01N21/887F: . . . . Taking dimensions of defect into account
   S01N21/887F2: . . . . . Taking contour of defect into account
   S01N21/887G: . . . . Taking structures into account; taking soiling of back-ground material into account
   S01N21/887H: . . . . using image scanner (no optical scan)
   S01N21/887H2: . . . . . and using video processor
   S01N21/887H3: . . . . . Line scan camera image
   S01N21/887H3C: . . . . . . Adjusting, correcting of scan in such LSC`s
   S01N21/887H4: . . . . . in colour
   S01N21/887H5: . . . . . the image field being sliced, e.g. by a mirror array
   S01N21/887H6: . . . . . Comparing frames
   S01N21/887H7: . . . . . Comparing line to line, e.g. also for sheets
   S01N21/887H7B: . . . . . . Considering several lines
   S01N21/887H8: . . . . . using extremum values for pixels
   S01N21/887H9: . . . . . Comparing preprocessed values, e.g. extrema, average
   S01N21/887K: . . . . Selective modifying of scan or of computing of parts of image
   S01N21/887K2: . . . . . Compensating for markings in the object
   S01N21/887L: . . . . Circuit adapted for different kinds of flaws or flaws of very different amplitudes
   S01N21/887L2: . . . . . Thresholding therefor
   S01N21/887M: . . . . Preprocessing, i.e. before comparison, miscellaneous
   S01N21/887M2: . . . . . High pass filtering as an important step of method
   S01N21/887M3: . . . . . Backgrounding level
   S01N21/887M4: . . . . . Gray scale rate of change
   S01N21/887M5: . . . . . Edge detection
   S01N21/887N: . . . . Binarising
   S01N21/888: . . . Using image analysis
   S01N21/889: . . . Miscellaneous
   S01N21/889R: . . . . Marking defects
   S01N21/88B: . . . Visual inspection
   S01N21/88K: . . . Specially adapted optical and illumination features
   S01N21/88K10: . . . . Adjustable illumination, e.g. software adjustable screen
   S01N21/88K12: . . . . Stroboscopic illumination; synchronised illumination
   S01N21/88K14: . . . . Illumination and detection on two sides of object
   S01N21/88K16: . . . . Multiple wavelengths of illumination or detection
   S01N21/88K2: . . . . Adjustment for highlighting flaws
   S01N21/88K22: . . . . Polarisation of light
   S01N21/88K4: . . . . Diffuse illumination, e.g. "sky"
   S01N21/88K4B: . . . . . by using multiple sources, e.g. LEDs
   S01N21/88K4C: . . . . . by using retroreflecting screen
   S01N21/88K6: . . . . Dark field detection
   S01N21/88K6B: . . . . . Separate detection of dark field and bright field
   S01N21/88K8: . . . . Shadow projection or structured background, e.g. for deflectometry
   S01N21/88K8B: . . . . . Structured background, e.g. for transparent objects
   S01N21/88P: . . . Scan or image signal processing specially adapted therefor, e.g. for scan signal adjustment, for detecting different kinds of defects, for compensating for structures, markings, edges [M1201]
   S01N21/88P2: . . . . Grading and classifying of flaws
   S01N21/88P2A: . . . . . Flaw counting
   S01N21/88P2B: . . . . . Determining coordinates of flaws
   S01N21/88P2B1: . . . . . . Mapping zones of defects
   S01N21/88P2C: . . . . . using sequentially two or more inspection runs, e.g. coarse and fine, or detecting then analysing
   S01N21/88P2C1: . . . . . . the measurements made in two or more directions, angles, positions
   S01N21/88P2D: . . . . . Taking dimensions of defect into account
   S01N21/88P2E: . . . . . Proximity analysis, local statistics
   S01N21/88P2F: . . . . . Marking defects
   S01N21/88P4: . . . . involving the calculation of gauges, generating models
   S01N21/88P6: . . . . based on image processing techniques
   S01N21/88P6T: . . . . . providing a bare video image, i.e. without visual measurement aids
   S01N21/88P6V: . . . . . providing a video image and a processed signal for helping visual decision
   S01N21/88P8: . . . . Circuits specially adapted for system specific signal conditioning
   S01N21/89: . . . in moving material, e.g. running paper or textiles [M1201]
   S01N21/892: . . . . characterised by the flaw, defect or object feature examined
   S01N21/892A: . . . . . Streaks
   S01N21/892B: . . . . . Periodic flaws
   S01N21/892C: . . . . . Dents; Relief flaws
   S01N21/892D: . . . . . Inclusions
   S01N21/892E: . . . . . Defects in a structured web
   S01N21/892F: . . . . . Haze defects, i.e. with a part of diffracted light
   S01N21/894: . . . . . Pinholes
   S01N21/896: . . . . . Optical defects in or on transparent materials, e.g. distortion, surface flaws
   S01N21/896A: . . . . . . for detecting separately opaque flaws and refracting flaws
   S01N21/896B: . . . . . . using slant illumination, using internally reflected light
   S01N21/896C: . . . . . . for windscreens
   S01N21/896D: . . . . . . Discriminating defects on opposite sides or at different depths of sheet or rod
   S01N21/898: . . . . . irregularities in textured or patterned surfaces, e.g. textiles, wood
   S01N21/898A: . . . . . . for testing textile webs, i.e. woven material
   S01N21/898B: . . . . . . Wood
   S01N21/89B: . . . . Optical details; Scanning details
   S01N21/89B1: . . . . . Anamorphic spot
   S01N21/89B2: . . . . . using a multiple detector array
   S01N21/89B4: . . . . . Sheetwide light conductor on detecting side, e.g. fluorescing light rod
   S01N21/89B8: . . . . . Directional selective optics, e.g. slits, spatial filters
   S01N21/89B8C: . . . . . . Cylindrical optics
   S01N21/89B9: . . . . . Strip illuminator, e.g. light tube
   S01N21/89H: . . . . Scan signal processing specially adapted for inspection of running sheets
   S01N21/89H2: . . . . . Edge discrimination, e.g. by signal filtering
   S01N21/89H3: . . . . . Setting scan-width signals
   S01N21/89H4: . . . . . Processing using lane subdivision
   S01N21/89K: . . . . characterised by the material examined
   S01N21/89K2: . . . . . non-woven textile material
   S01N21/89K4: . . . . . for testing photographic material
   S01N21/89K4B: . . . . . . Motion picture films (with sprocket holes)
   S01N21/89K5: . . . . . Paper, also ondulated
   S01N21/89K6: . . . . . Metal
   S01N21/90: . . . in a container or its contents
   S01N21/90A: . . . . Non-optical constructional details affecting optical inspection, e.g. cleaning mechanisms for optical parts, vibration reduction
   S01N21/90B: . . . . Dirt detection in containers
   S01N21/90B1: . . . . . in containers after filling
   S01N21/90C: . . . . using arrays of emitters or receivers [M1201]
   S01N21/90E: . . . . Inspection of ornamented or stippled container walls
   S01N21/90F: . . . . Inspection of sealing surface or container finish
   S01N21/90H: . . . . Hot-end container inspection
   S01N21/90N: . . . . with illumination or detection from inside the container
   S01N21/90P: . . . . Inspection especially designed for plastic containers, e.g. preforms
   S01N21/90Q: . . . . in opaque containers, e.g. cans, tins
   S01N21/91: . . . using penetration of dyes, e.g. fluorescent ink
   S01N21/93: . . . Detection standards; Calibrating
   S01N21/93B: . . . . Computing standard images, e.g. from histogram
   S01N21/93C: . . . . Learning process
   S01N21/93D: . . . . Changing sensitivity
   S01N21/93E: . . . . Statistical estimation of quality of inspection
   S01N21/93F: . . . . using fuzzy logic
   S01N21/93G: . . . . Adjusting baseline or gain (also for web inspection)
   S01N21/93H: . . . . Adjusting threshold, e.g. by way of moving average
   S01N21/94: . . . Investigating contamination, e.g. dust
   S01N21/94A: . . . . on patterned surfaces
   S01N21/94B: . . . . Liquid or solid deposits of macroscopic size on surfaces, e.g. drops, films, or clustered contaminants
   S01N21/95: . . . characterised by the material or shape of the object to be examined
   S01N21/952: . . . . Inspecting the exterior surface of cylindrical bodies or wires
   S01N21/954: . . . . Inspecting the inner surface of hollow bodies, e.g. bores
   S01N21/954A: . . . . . using a probe
   S01N21/954A2: . . . . . . with emitter and receiver on the probe
   S01N21/954A3: . . . . . . with remote light transmitting, e.g. optical fibres
   S01N21/954B: . . . . . Scanning the interior of a cylinder
   S01N21/954C: . . . . . Cans
   S01N21/956: . . . . Inspecting patterns on the surface of objects
   S01N21/956A: . . . . . using a comparative method
   S01N21/956A2: . . . . . . with stored comparision signal
   S01N21/956A2A: . . . . . . . and updating reference
   S01N21/956A2B: . . . . . . . Correlation computing, e.g. RMS error
   S01N21/956B: . . . . . using a spatial filtering method
   S01N21/956C: . . . . . and suppressing pattern images
   S01N21/956D: . . . . . for PCB`s
   S01N21/956D2: . . . . . . Soldering
   S01N21/956D3: . . . . . . Through-holes
   S01N21/956D4: . . . . . . for leads, e.g. position, curvature
   S01N21/956D4A: . . . . . . . for solder coating, coverage
   S01N21/956E: . . . . . Masks, reticles, shadow masks
   S01N21/956R: . . . . . Patterns showing highly reflecting parts, e.g. metallic elements
   S01N21/956S: . . . . . Patterns showing hole parts, e.g. honeycomb filtering structures
   S01N21/958: . . . . Inspecting transparent materials
   S01N21/958L: . . . . . Lenses
   S01N21/958W: . . . . . Windscreens
   S01N21/95A: . . . . Semiconductor wafers
   S01N21/95A2: . . . . . [N: Wafer edge inspection]
   S01N21/95A4: . . . . . [N: Wafer internal defects, e.g. microcracks]
   S01N21/95B: . . . . Optical discs
   S01N21/95C: . . . . Capsules; Tablets
   S01N21/95D: . . . . Balls
   S01N21/95E: . . . . Coatings
   S01N21/95F: . . . . Optical elements other than lenses, e.g. mirrors (testing of optical apparatus in G01M11)
   S01N21/95G: . . . . Liquid crystal panels
   S01N21/95H: . . . . Regularly disposed objects
   S01N21/95K: . . . . Objects of complex shape
   S01N21/95K1: . . . . . whereby geometrical features are being masked
   S01N21/95K2: . . . . . using a surface follower, e.g. robot
   S01N22/00: Investigating or analysing materials by the use of microwaves
   S01N22/00S: and using Stark effect modulation
   S01N22/02: Investigating the presence of flaws
   S01N22/04: Investigating moisture content
   S01N23/00: Investigating or analysing materials by the use of wave or particle radiation not covered by G01N21/00 or G01N22/00 , e.g. X-rays or neutrons
   S01N23/00B: by using neutrons G01N23/02 to G01N23/227 take precedence
   S01N23/02: by transmitting the radiation through the material
   S01N23/02B: . . using neutrons
   S01N23/04: . . and forming a picture
   S01N23/04C: . . . using fluoroscopic examination, with visual observation or video transmission of fluoroscopic images
   S01N23/04D: . . . using tomography, e.g. computer tomography radiation tomography used in diagnosis A61B6/02
   S01N23/05: . . . using neutrons
   S01N23/06: . . and measuring the absorption
   S01N23/06C: . . . X-ray absorption fine structure, i.e. EXAFS G01N23/207D takes precedence
   S01N23/06M: . . . Gamma-ray resonance absorption, e.g. Mössbauer effect resonant absorbers or driving arrangements therefor, e.g. for Mössbauer effect devices G21K1/12
   S01N23/08: . . . using electric detection means
   S01N23/083: . . . . the radiation being X-rays
   S01N23/087: . . . . . using polyenergetic X-rays
   S01N23/09: . . . . the radiation being neutrons
   S01N23/10: . . . . the material being confined in a container
   S01N23/12: . . . . the material being a flowing fluid or a flowing granular solid
   S01N23/12B: . . . . . with immerged detecting head
   S01N23/14: . . . . . specially adapted for controlling or monitoring operations or for signalling
   S01N23/16: . . . . the material being a moving sheet or a sheet or tube examined by a scanning probe
   S01N23/18: . . . . Investigating the presence of flaws
   S01N23/18T: . . . . . in tyres testing tyre performance G01M17/02
   S01N23/20: by using diffraction of the radiation, e.g. for investigating crystal structure; by using reflection of the radiation
   S01N23/201: . . by measuring small-angle scattering G01N23/202 takes precedence
   S01N23/202: . . . using neutrons
   S01N23/203: . . by measuring back scattering
   S01N23/204: . . . using neutrons
   S01N23/205: . . by means of diffraction cameras
   S01N23/205C: . . . Analysing diffraction patterns optical densitometers G01N21/59B
   S01N23/206: . . . the radiation being neutrons G01N23/205C takes precedence
   S01N23/207: . . by means of diffractometry using detectors, e.g. using an analysing crystal or a crystal to be analysed in a central position and one or more displaceable detectors in circumferential positions
   S01N23/207B: . . . using neutron detectors G01N23/202 takes precedence; neutron spectrometry G01T3/00
   S01N23/207D: . . . for spectrometry, i.e. using an analysing crystal, e.g. for measuring X-ray fluorescence spectrum of a sample with wavelength-dispersion, i.e. WDXFS analysis by X-ray fluorescence in general G01N23/223; Spectrometry of X-rays or gamma-ray beams per se G01T1/36
   S01N23/20C: . . Constructional details; Accessories monochromators for XRays using crystals G21K1/06; using gratings G01J3/18G
   S01N23/20C1: . . . Goniometers
   S01N23/20C2: . . . Sample holders or supports
   S01N23/20C2B: . . . . provided with temperature control or heating devices
   S01N23/20C2C: . . . . for high pressure testing, e.g. anvil cells
   S01N23/20C3: . . . Details concerning the preparation of powder samples
   S01N23/20F: . . by measuring diffraction of electrons, e.g. LEED method
   S01N23/20G: . . by measuring inelastic scatter of gamma rays, e.g. Compton effect
   S01N23/20J: . . by measuring interferences of X-rays, e.g. Borrmann effect
   S01N23/20K: . . by using a combination of at least two measurements at least one being a transmission measurement and one a scatter measurement
   S01N23/20L: . . by measuring the energy-dispersion spectrum of diffracted radiation, i.e. EDS G01T1/36 takes precedence
   S01N23/22: by measuring secondary emission
   S01N23/221: . . by activation analysis
   S01N23/222: . . . using neutrons
   S01N23/223: . . by irradiating the sample with X-rays or gamma-rays and by measuring X-ray fluorescence G01N23/207D takes precedence
   S01N23/225: . . using electron or ion microprobe or incident electron or ion beam
   S01N23/225B: . . . with incident electron beam
   S01N23/225B2: . . . . and measuring excited X-rays
   S01N23/225B3: . . . . and measuring cathodoluminescence
   S01N23/225C: . . . with incident ion beam, e.g. proton beam
   S01N23/225C2: . . . . and measuring X-rays excited from incident proton beam, i.e. PIXE
   S01N23/225C3: . . . . and measuring secondary ion beam, i.e. SIMS
   S01N23/227: . . by measuring photoelectric effect, e.g. Auger electrons
   S01N23/227B: . . . by measuring photoelectron spectrum, i.e. ESCA, XPS
   S01N23/227C: . . . by measuring Auger electrons, i.e. AES
   S01N23/22C: . . Preparing specimens in general G01N1/28
   S01N23/22D: . . Specimen supports; Sample conveying means as parts of specific apparatus, see the relevant groups, e.g. H01J37/20 and H01J49/00
   S01N23/22K: . . using a combination of at least two kinds of measurements, with at least one measurement of secondary emission
   S01N23/22K2: . . . using a combination of at least two kinds of measurements, each one being of a secondary emission kind
   S01N24/00: Investigating or analysing materials by the use of nuclear magnetic resonance, electron paramagnetic resonance or other spin effects
   S01N24/00B: using resonance on molecular beams
   S01N24/00C: using acoustical resonance, i.e. phonon interactions
   S01N24/00D: using optical pumping
   S01N24/00T: by using resonance effects in zero field, e.g. in microwave, submillimetric region
   S01N24/08: by using nuclear magnetic resonance
   S01N24/08A: . . Making measurements of geologic samples, e.g. measurements of moisture, pH, porosity, permeability, tortuosity or viscosity
   S01N24/08B: . . Measurement of solid, liquid or gas content
   S01N24/08C: . . Detection of potentially hazardous samples, e.g. toxic samples, explosives, drugs, firearms, weapons
   S01N24/08D: . . Analysis of materials for the purpose of controlling industrial production systems
   S01N24/08Q: . . Structure determination of a chemical compound, e.g. of a biomolecule such as a protein
   S01N24/08S: . . Assessment or manipulation of a chemical or biochemical reaction, e.g. verification whether a chemical reaction occurred or whether a ligand binds to a receptor in drug screening or assessing reaction kinetics
   S01N24/10: by using electron paramagnetic resonance
   S01N24/12: by using double resonance
   S01N24/14: by using cyclotron resonance
   S01N25/00: Investigating or analysing materials by the use of thermal means
   S01N25/00B: by investigating specific heat
   S01N25/02: by investigating changes of state or changes of phase; by investigating sintering
   S01N25/04: . . of melting point; of freezing point; of softening point
   S01N25/06: . . . Analysis by measuring change of freezing point
   S01N25/08: . . of boiling point
   S01N25/08B: . . . Investigating nucleation
   S01N25/10: . . . Analysis by measuring change of boiling point
   S01N25/12: . . of critical point; of other phase change
   S01N25/14: by using distillation, extraction, sublimation, condensation, freezing, or crystallisation
   S01N25/14B: . . by condensation
   S01N25/14C: . . Accessories, e.g. cooling devices
   S01N25/14D: . . by crystallisation
   S01N25/16: by investigating thermal coefficient of expansion
   S01N25/18: by investigating thermal conductivity
   S01N25/20: by investigating the development of heat, i.e. calorimetry, e.g. by measuring specific heat, by measuring thermal conductivity
   S01N25/22: . . on combustion or catalytic oxidation, e.g. of components of gas mixtures
   S01N25/24: . . . using combustion tubes, e.g. for micro-analysis
   S01N25/26: . . . using combustion with oxygen under pressure, e.g. in bomb calorimeter
   S01N25/28: . . . the rise in temperature of the gases resulting from combustion being measured directly
   S01N25/30: . . . . using electric temperature-responsive elements
   S01N25/32: . . . . . using thermoelectric elements
   S01N25/34: . . . . using mechanical temperature-responsive elements, e.g. bimetallic
   S01N25/36: . . . . . for investigating the composition of gas mixtures
   S01N25/38: . . . . using the melting or combustion of a solid
   S01N25/38B: . . . . . for investigating the composition of gas mixtures
   S01N25/40: . . . the heat developed being transferred to a flowing fluid
   S01N25/42: . . . . continuously
   S01N25/44: . . . the heat developed being transferred to a fixed quantity of fluid
   S01N25/46: . . . . for investigating the composition of gas mixtures
   S01N25/48: . . on solution, sorption, or a chemical reaction not involving combustion or catalytic oxidation
   S01N25/48A: . . . Details not adapted to a particular type of sample
   S01N25/48A2: . . . . concerning the measuring means
   S01N25/48A2B: . . . . . concerning the temperature-responsive elements
   S01N25/48A4: . . . . concerning the heating or cooling arrangements
   S01N25/48A4B: . . . . . specially adapted for temperature scanning
   S01N25/48A6: . . . . Heat insulation
   S01N25/48B: . . . for a motionless, e.g. solid sample
   S01N25/48B1: . . . . Details
   S01N25/48B1B: . . . . . Sample holders
   S01N25/48B2: . . . . by using a differential method
   S01N25/48C: . . . for a flowing, e.g. gas, sample
   S01N25/48C1: . . . . Details
   S01N25/48C1B: . . . . . concerning the circulation of the sample
   S01N25/48C2: . . . . by using a differential method
   S01N25/50: by investigating flash-point; by investigating explosibility
   S01N25/52: . . by determining flash-point of liquids
   S01N25/54: . . by determining explosibility
   S01N25/56: by investigating moisture content
   S01N25/58: . . by measuring changes of properties of the material due to heat, cold or expansion
   S01N25/60: . . . for determining the wetness of steam
   S01N25/62: . . by psychrometric means, e.g. wet-and-dry bulb thermometers
   S01N25/64: . . . using electric temperature-responsive elements
   S01N25/66: . . by investigating dew-point
   S01N25/68: . . . by varying the temperature of a condensing surface
   S01N25/70: . . . by varying the temperature of the material, e.g. by compression, by expansion
   S01N25/72: Investigating presence of flaws
   S01N27/00: Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electro-chemical, or magnetic means
   S01N27/00B: by investigating the electrical properties of a substance upon absorption of the material to be detected
   S01N27/00B1: . . of a solid body
   S01N27/00B1B: . . . by measuring the resonant frequency of the solid body
   S01N27/00B1B1: . . . . with a layer containing at least one organic compound
   S01N27/00B1B1A: . . . . . with a layer containing at least one organic compound
   S01N27/00B1B1B: . . . . . with a layer containing at least one organic compound
   S01N27/00B1C: . . . for determining moisture content, e.g. humidity
   S01N27/00B2: . . of a fluid
   S01N27/00C: by investigating the work function voltage
   S01N27/00C1: . . by determining the work function in vacuum
   S01N27/00D: by investigating the rise in temperature of a material in a high frequency field
   S01N27/00E: by investigating the electric dipolar moment
   S01N27/00F: using tunnel effect
   S01N27/02: by investigating the impedance of the material
   S01N27/02B: . . before and after chemical transformation of the material
   S01N27/02C: . . where the material is placed in the field of a coil
   S01N27/02C1: . . . a current being generated within the material by induction
   S01N27/02D: . . Dielectric impedance spectroscopy
   S01N27/02E: . . Circuits therefor
   S01N27/04: . . by investigating resistance
   S01N27/04B: . . . of a solid body
   S01N27/04C: . . . of a granular material
   S01N27/04D: . . . Circuits
   S01N27/04D1: . . . . provided with temperature compensation
   S01N27/04E: . . . for determining moisture content of the material [M1202]
   S01N27/06: . . . of a liquid
   S01N27/07: . . . . Construction of measuring vessels; Electrodes therefor
   S01N27/08: . . . . which is flowing continuously
   S01N27/10: . . . . . Investigation or analysis specially adapted for controlling or monitoring operations or for signalling
   S01N27/12: . . . of a solid body in dependence upon absorption of a fluid; of a solid body in dependence upon reaction with a fluid; for detecting components in the fluid [M1202]
   S01N27/12B: . . . . for determining moisture content, e.g. humidity, of the fluid [M1202]
   S01N27/12C: . . . . Circuits particularly adapted therefor, e.g. linearising circuits
   S01N27/12C1: . . . . . for controlling the temperature
   S01N27/12C1B: . . . . . . varying the temperature, e.g. in a cyclic manner
   S01N27/12D: . . . . the body being organic
   S01N27/12E: . . . . Composition of the body, e.g. the composition of its sensitive layer
   S01N27/12E2: . . . . . comprising organic polymers
   S01N27/12E3: . . . . . comprising nanoparticles
   S01N27/12F: . . . . Micro-apparatus
   S01N27/12G: . . . . Diode type sensors, e.g. gas sensitive Schottky diodes
   S01N27/14: . . . of an electrically-heated body in dependence upon change of temperature
   S01N27/16: . . . . caused by burning or catalytic oxidation of a surrounding material to be tested, e.g. of gas
   S01N27/18: . . . . caused by changes in the thermal conductivity of a surrounding material to be tested
   S01N27/18B: . . . . . using a catharometer
   S01N27/20: . . . Investigating the presence of flaws
   S01N27/20B: . . . . in insulating materials
   S01N27/22: . . by investigating capacitance
   S01N27/22B: . . . by investigating the dielectric properties
   S01N27/22B1: . . . . for analysing gases
   S01N27/22C: . . . for determining moisture content, e.g. humidity
   S01N27/22C2: . . . . by using hygroscopic materials
   S01N27/22D: . . . Construction of measuring vessels; Electrodes therefor
   S01N27/22E: . . . Sensors changing capacitance upon adsorption or absorption of fluid components, e.g. electrolyte-insulator-semiconductor sensors, MOS capacitors
   S01N27/22F: . . . Circuits therefor
   S01N27/24: . . . Investigating the presence of flaws
   S01N27/26: by investigating electrochemical variables; by using electrolysis or electrophoresis
   S01N27/26B: . . Probes with ion-sensitive impedance
   S01N27/26C: . . Probes with ion-sensitive size
   S01N27/26D: . . by using two or more methods
   S01N27/27: . . Association of two or more measuring systems or cells, each measuring a different parameter, where the measurement results may be either used independently, the systems or cells being physically associated, or combined to produce a value for a further parameter, e.g. electrochemical electrode arrays
   S01N27/28: . . Electrolytic cell components [M1202]
   S01N27/28B: . . . Means for supporting or introducing electrochemical probes
   S01N27/28B1: . . . . Power or signal connectors associated therewith
   S01N27/30: . . . Electrodes, e.g. test electrodes; Half-cells [M1202]
   S01N27/30A: . . . . Reference electrodes
   S01N27/30B: . . . . Hydrogen electrodes
   S01N27/30C: . . . . pH sensitive, e.g. quinhydron, antimony or hydrogen electrodes
   S01N27/30E: . . . . Gas-permeable electrodes
   S01N27/30F: . . . . Optically transparent or photoresponsive electrodes
   S01N27/30G: . . . . Disposable laminated or multilayered electrodes
   S01N27/30H: . . . . at least partially made of carbon
   S01N27/31: . . . . Half-cells with permeable membranes, e.g. semi-porous or perm-selective membranes
   S01N27/32: . . . . Calomel electrodes
   S01N27/327: . . . . Biochemical electrodes
   S01N27/327B: . . . . . Amperometric enzyme electrodes for analytes in body fluids, e.g. glucose in blood
   S01N27/327B1: . . . . . . Test elements therefor, i.e. disposable laminated substrates with electrodes, reagent and channels
   S01N27/327B2: . . . . . . Devices therefor, e.g. test element readers, circuitry
   S01N27/327B3: . . . . . . Corrective measures, e.g. error detection, compensation for temperature or hematocrit, calibration
   S01N27/327C: . . . . . Sensing specific biomolecules, e.g. nucleic acid strands, based on an electrode surface reaction
   S01N27/327C1: . . . . . . being a hybridisation with immobilised receptors
   S01N27/327C2: . . . . . . being a redox reaction, e.g. detection by cyclic voltammetry
   S01N27/327C3: . . . . . . involving nanosized elements, e.g. nanogaps or nanoparticles
   S01N27/333: . . . . Ion-selective electrodes or membranes
   S01N27/333B: . . . . . the membrane containing at least one organic component
   S01N27/34: . . . . Dropping-mercury electrodes
   S01N27/36: . . . . Glass electrodes
   S01N27/38: . . . . Cleaning of electrodes
   S01N27/40: . . . Semi-permeable membranes or partitions
   S01N27/401: . . . Salt-bridge leaks; Liquid junctions
   S01N27/403: . . Cells and electrode assemblies
   S01N27/403B: . . . Combination of a single ion-sensing electrode and a single reference electrode
   S01N27/404: . . . Cells with anode, cathode and cell electrolyte on the same side of a permeable membrane which separates them from the sample fluid, e.g. Clark-type oxygen sensors
   S01N27/404B: . . . . for gases other than oxygen
   S01N27/406: . . . Cells and probes with solid electrolytes
   S01N27/406B: . . . . Electrical connectors associated therewith
   S01N27/406C: . . . . Circuit arrangements specially adapted therefor
   S01N27/406D: . . . . Means for heating or controlling the temperature of the solid electrolyte
   S01N27/407: . . . . for investigating or analysing gases
   S01N27/407B: . . . . . using sensor elements of laminated structure
   S01N27/407B1: . . . . . . characterized by the diffusion barrier
   S01N27/407C: . . . . . Composition or fabrication of the solid electrolyte
   S01N27/407C2: . . . . . . for detection of gases other than oxygen
   S01N27/407D: . . . . . Composition or fabrication of the electrodes and coatings thereon (e.g. catalysts)
   S01N27/407D2: . . . . . . Reference electrodes or reference mixtures
   S01N27/407E: . . . . . Means for protecting the electrolyte or the electrodes
   S01N27/407F: . . . . . Means for sealing the sensor element in a housing
   S01N27/409: . . . . . Oxygen concentration cells
   S01N27/41: . . . . . Oxygen pumping cells
   S01N27/411: . . . . for investigating liquid metals
   S01N27/411B: . . . . . using sensor elements of laminated structure
   S01N27/411C: . . . . . Composition or fabrication of the solid electrolyte
   S01N27/411C2: . . . . . . for detection of gases other than oxygen
   S01N27/411D: . . . . . Composition or fabrication of the electrodes and coatings thereon (e.g. catalysts)
   S01N27/411D2: . . . . . . Reference electrodes or reference mixtures
   S01N27/411E: . . . . . Means for protecting the electrolyte or the electrodes
   S01N27/413: . . . Concentration cells using liquid electrolytes
   S01N27/414: . . . Ion-sensitive or chemical field-effect transistors, i.e. ISFETS or CHEMFETS
   S01N27/414B: . . . . specially adapted for gases
   S01N27/414B1: . . . . . Air gap between gate and channel, i.e. suspended gate [SG] FETs
   S01N27/414C: . . . . specially adapted for biomolecules, e.g. gate electrode with immobilised receptors
   S01N27/414D: . . . . involving nanosized elements, e.g. nanotubes, nanowires
   S01N27/414E: . . . . Integrated circuits therefor, e.g. fabricated by CMOS processing
   S01N27/414G: . . . . For gases or vapours, e.g. gasFETs
   S01N27/416: . . Systems
   S01N27/416B: . . . measuring the voltage and using a constant current supply, e.g. chronopotentiometry
   S01N27/416C: . . . investigating the composition of gases by the influence exerted on ionic conductivity in a liquid [M1202]
   S01N27/416D: . . . Checking the operation of, or calibrating, the measuring apparatus
   S01N27/416D1: . . . . for pH meters
   S01N27/416E: . . . measuring a particular property of an electrolyte [M1202]
   S01N27/416E1: . . . . pH
   S01N27/416E2: . . . . oxidation-reduction potential, e.g. for chlorination of water
   S01N27/417: . . . using cells and probes with solid electrolytes
   S01N27/417C: . . . . Calibrating or checking the analyser
   S01N27/419: . . . . Measuring voltages or currents of oxygen pumping cells and oxygen concentration cells
   S01N27/42: . . . by measuring disposition or liberation of materials from an electrolyte; Coulometry, i.e. measuring coulomb-equivalent of material in an electrolyte
   S01N27/42B: . . . . Coulometry
   S01N27/42C: . . . . by weighing
   S01N27/44: . . . . using electrolysis to regenerate a reagent, e.g. for titration
   S01N27/447: . . . using electrophoresis
   S01N27/447B: . . . . Details; Accessories
   S01N27/447B1: . . . . . Cooling
   S01N27/447B2: . . . . . Particularly adapted electric power supply
   S01N27/447B3: . . . . . Arrangements for investigating the separated zones, e.g. localising zones
   S01N27/447B3A: . . . . . . by optical means
   S01N27/447B3A2: . . . . . . . using specific dyes, markers or binding molecules
   S01N27/447B3B: . . . . . . by electric means
   S01N27/447B3C: . . . . . . by thermal means
   S01N27/447B3D: . . . . . . Collecting the separated zones, e.g. blotting to a membrane or punching of gel spots
   S01N27/447B4: . . . . . Introducing samples
   S01N27/447B5: . . . . . Composition of gel or of carrier mixture
   S01N27/447B6: . . . . . Controlling the zeta potential, e.g. by wall coatings
   S01N27/447C: . . . . Apparatus specially adapted therefor
   S01N27/447C1: . . . . . of the density gradient type
   S01N27/447C2: . . . . . of the counter-flow type
   S01N27/447C3: . . . . . Continuous electrophoresis, i.e. the sample being continuously introduced, e.g. free flow electrophoresis [FFE] [M1202]
   S01N27/447C4: . . . . . Multi-stage electrophoresis, e.g. two-dimensional electrophoresis
   S01N27/447C4B: . . . . . . on a common gel carrier, i.e. 2D gel electrophoresis
   S01N27/447C5: . . . . . of a plurality of samples
   S01N27/447C6: . . . . . of the magneto-electrophoresis type
   S01N27/447C7: . . . . . Micro-apparatus
   S01N27/447C8: . . . . . Isoelectric focusing
   S01N27/453: . . . . Cells therefor
   S01N27/48: . . . Polarography, i.e. measuring changes in current under a slowly- varying voltage
   S01N27/49: . . . Systems involving the determination of the current at a single specific value, or small range of values, of applied voltage for producing selective measurement of one or more particular ionic species
   S01N27/49B: . . . . at dynamic equilibrium, e.g. amperometry
   S01N27/49B1: . . . . . for analysis of gas other than oxygen
   S01N27/50: . . . due to effect at an electrode
   S01N27/52: . . . . using oxidation of an electrode; using oxidation- reduction effects
   S01N27/54: . . . . using depolarisation at an electrode
   S01N27/56: . . . due to effect in the electrolyte, e.g. for pH measurement
   S01N27/56B: . . . . investigating the concentration of a gaseous component in liquid metals or in gases
   S01N27/56B2: . . . . . using sensor elements of laminated structure
   S01N27/56B3: . . . . . Circuit arrangements specially adapted therefor
   S01N27/56B4: . . . . . Composition or fabrication of the solid electrolyte
   S01N27/56B4B: . . . . . . for investigating the concentration of gases other than oxygen
   S01N27/56B5: . . . . . Composition or fabrication of the electrodes
   S01N27/56B5B: . . . . . . Reference electrode or reference mixture
   S01N27/56B6: . . . . . Means for heating the solid electrolyte
   S01N27/56B7: . . . . . Means for protecting the solid electrolyte or the electrodes
   S01N27/56B8: . . . . . comprising more than one cell
   S01N27/56B9: . . . . . Calibrating or checking the analyser
   S01N27/60: by investigating electrostatic variables, e.g. electrographic flaw testing
   S01N27/60B: . . for determining moisture content, e.g. humidity
   S01N27/61: . . Investigating the presence of flaws
   S01N27/62: by investigating the ionisation of gases; by investigating electric discharges, e.g. emission of cathode
   S01N27/62A: . . separating and identifying ionized molecules based on their mobility in a carrier gas, i.e. ion mobility spectrometry
   S01N27/62A1: . . . using a non-uniform electric field, i.e. differential mobility spectrometry [DMS] or high-field asymmetric-waveform ion-mobility spectrometry [FAIMS]
   S01N27/62B: . . using heat to ionise a gas
   S01N27/62B2: . . . and a beam of energy, e.g. laser enhanced ionisation
   S01N27/64: . . using wave or particle radiation to ionise a gas, e.g. in an ionisation chamber
   S01N27/64B: . . . and investigating the velocity of propagation time of ions
   S01N27/66: . . . and measuring current or voltage
   S01N27/68: . . using electric discharge to ionise a gas
   S01N27/70: . . . and measuring current or voltage
   S01N27/72: by investigating magnetic variables
   S01N27/72B: . . by using magneto-acoustical effects or the Barkhausen effect
   S01N27/74: . . of fluids
   S01N27/74B: . . . for detecting magnetic beads used in biochemical assays
   S01N27/76: . . . by investigating susceptibility
   S01N27/80: . . for investigating mechanical hardness, e.g. by investigating saturation or remanence of ferromagnetic material
   S01N27/82: . . for investigating the presence of flaws
   S01N27/82B: . . . by using magnetic attraction force
   S01N27/83: . . . by investigating stray magnetic fields
   S01N27/84: . . . . by applying magnetic powder or magnetic ink
   S01N27/85: . . . . using magnetographic methods
   S01N27/87: . . . . using probes
   S01N27/90: . . . using eddy currents
   S01N27/90A: . . . . Details
   S01N27/90A1: . . . . . specially adapted for scanning
   S01N27/90A1B: . . . . . . by moving the sensors
   S01N27/90A1C: . . . . . . by moving the material
   S01N27/90A2: . . . . . Sensors
   S01N27/90B: . . . . and more than one sensor
   S01N27/90C: . . . . by analysing electrical signals
   S01N27/90C2: . . . . . Compensating for probe to workpiece spacing
   S01N27/90C3: . . . . . Compensating for velocity
   S01N27/90C4: . . . . . by measuring the propagation time, or delaying the signals
   S01N27/90E: . . . . Recording measured data
   S01N27/90E2: . . . . . synchronously with scanning
   S01N27/90E3: . . . . . Calibrating of recording device
   S01N27/90F: . . . . arrangements for supporting or marking or rejecting, e.g. machines
   S01N27/92: by investigating breakdown voltage
   S01N29/00: Investigating or analysing materials by the use of ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves; Visualisation of the interior of objects by transmitting ultrasonic or sonic waves through the object
   S01N29/02: Analysing fluids
   S01N29/024: . . by measuring propagation velocity or propagation time of acoustic waves
   S01N29/028: . . by measuring mechanical or acoustic impedance
   S01N29/02F: . . Fluid sensors based on micro-sensors, e.g. quartz crystal-microbalance (QCM), surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, tuning forks, cantilevers, flexural plate wave (FPW) devices (micro-devices per se B81B)
   S01N29/032: . . by measuring attenuation of acoustic waves
   S01N29/036: . . by measuring frequency or resonance of acoustic waves
   S01N29/04: Analysing solids
   S01N29/04E: . . on the surface of the material, e.g. using Lamb, Rayleigh or shear waves
   S01N29/04F: . . in the interior, e.g. by shear waves
   S01N29/04H: . . by imparting shocks to the workpiece and detecting the vibrations or the acoustic waves caused by the shocks measuring resonant frequency G01H13/00; measuring strength properties by application of mechanical stress G01N3/00
   S01N29/04H2: . . . using the echo of particles imparting on a surface; using acoustic emission of particles investigating concentration of particle suspensions G01N15/06; devices for measuring flow of solids in suspension G01F1/74
   S01N29/04M: . . Marking the faulty objects
   S01N29/06: . . Visualisation of the interior, e.g acoustic microscopy medical or veterinary diagnosis using sonic waves A61B8/00; representation of acoustic wave distribution G01H3/12B, G01H9/00B; short-range imaging systems using reflection of acoustic waves G01S15/89D
   S01N29/06C: . . . Display arrangements, e.g. colour displays (indicating or recording in connection with measuring in general G01D)
   S01N29/06C2: . . . . synchronised with scanning, e.g. in real-time
   S01N29/06C2B: . . . . . Cathode-ray tube displays in general G01R13/20
   S01N29/06C2C: . . . . . with permanent recording
   S01N29/06C4: . . . . Display representation or displayed parameters, e.g. A-, B- or C-Scan
   S01N29/06D: . . . Imaging
   S01N29/06D1: . . . . by acoustic holography acoustical holography per se G03H3/00
   S01N29/06D2: . . . . by acoustic tomography medical tomography A61B8/13
   S01N29/06D3: . . . . by acoustic microscopy, e.g. scanning acoustic microscopy
   S01N29/06D4: . . . . Defect imaging, localisation and sizing using, e.g. time of flight diffraction (TOFD), synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT), Amplituden-Laufzeit-Ortskurven (ALOK) technique
   S01N29/07: . . by measuring propagation velocity or propagation time of acoustic waves
   S01N29/07B: . . . by measuring or comparing phase angle measuring frequencies or phase angles per se G01R23/00, G01R25/00
   S01N29/09: . . by measuring mechanical or acoustic impedance
   S01N29/11: . . by measuring attenuation of acoustic waves
   S01N29/12: . . by measuring frequency or resonance of acoustic waves measuring frequency or resonant frequency of mechanical vibrations or acoustic waves in general G01H1/06, G01H3/04, G01H13/00; acoustic resonators G10K11/04; vibration or shock testing of structures G01M7/00
   S01N29/14: using acoustic emission techniques echo of particles G01N29/04H2; measuring mechanical vibrations or acoustic waves in solids in general G01H1/00
   S01N29/22: Details, e.g. general constructional or apparatus details
   S01N29/22C: . . Arrangements for directing or focusing the acoustical waves electronic orientation or focusing G01N29/26E; sound directing or focusing G10K11/26; mechanical steering of sound transducers or their beams G10K11/35
   S01N29/22F: . . Constructional or flow details for analysing fluids optoacoustic fluid cells G01N29/24C1
   S01N29/22L: . . Supports, positioning or alignment in fixed situation mounting transducers per se G10K11/00G
   S01N29/22M: . . Supports, positioning or alignment in moving situation
   S01N29/22M2: . . . Handheld or portable devices
   S01N29/22P: . . related to high pressure, tension or stress conditions
   S01N29/22T: . . related to high temperature conditions
   S01N29/24: . . Probes transducers for acoustic waves B06B, G10K; for measuring G01H
   S01N29/24A: . . . Electrostatic or capacitive probes, e.g. electret or cMUT-probes
   S01N29/24B: . . . using the magnetostrictive properties of the material to be examined, e.g. electromagnetic acoustic transducers EMAT); (investigating the presence of flaws using eddy currents G01N27/90, magnetostrictive transducers B06B1/08, measuring magnetostrictive properties G01R33/18
   S01N29/24C: . . . using optoacoustic interaction with the material, e.g. laser radiation, photoacoustics photoacoustic cells G01N21/17B; measuring characteristics of vibrations by using radiation-sensitive means G01H9/00; acousto-optical conversion techniques for short-range imaging G01S15/89D5; sound-producing devices using laser bundle G10K15/04C
   S01N29/24C1: . . . . optoacoustic fluid cells therefor
   S01N29/24D: . . . using other means for acoustic excitation, e.g. heat, microwaves, electron beams sound producing devices not otherwise provided for G10K15/04
   S01N29/24E: . . . Piezoelectric probes
   S01N29/24E1: . . . . Quartz crystal probes
   S01N29/24E2: . . . . Ceramic probes, e.g. lead zirconate titanate (PZT) probes
   S01N29/24F: . . . Focusing probes focusing arrangements G01N29/22C
   S01N29/24G: . . . Probes with waveguides, e.g. SAW devices
   S01N29/24L: . . . Probes with delay lines
   S01N29/24M: . . . Embedded probes, i.e. probes incorporated in objects to be inspected
   S01N29/24R: . . . Wireless probes, e.g. with transponders or radio links
   S01N29/24T: . . . Directing probes, e.g. angle probes directing arrangements G01N29/22C
   S01N29/24W: . . . Wheel shaped probes
   S01N29/26: . . Arrangements for orientation or scanning by relative movement of the head and the sensor mechanical steering of sound transducers or their beams G10K11/35
   S01N29/265: . . . by moving the sensor relative to a stationary material
   S01N29/26E: . . . by electronic orientation or focusing, e.g. with phased arrays phased arrays per se G10K11/34
   S01N29/27: . . . by moving the material relative to a stationary sensor
   S01N29/275: . . . by moving both the sensor and the material
   S01N29/28: . . providing acoustic coupling e.g. water impedance matching G10K11/02
   S01N29/30: . . Arrangements for calibrating or comparing, e.g. with standard objects
   S01N29/32: . . Arrangements for suppressing undesired influences, e.g. temperature or pressure variations, compensating for signal noise
   S01N29/32P: . . . compensating for pressure or tension variations
   S01N29/32T: . . . compensating for temperature variations
   S01N29/34: Generating the ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves, e.g. electronic circuits specially adapted therefor
   S01N29/34B: . . with time characteristics
   S01N29/34B1: . . . pulse waves, e.g. particular sequence of pulses, bursts
   S01N29/34B2: . . . continuous waves
   S01N29/34D: . . with amplitude characteristics, e.g. modulated signal
   S01N29/34F: . . with frequency characteristics, e.g. single frequency signals, chirp signals measuring frequency of mechanical vibrations or acoustic waves in general G01H1/06, G01H3/04; measuring frequency or analysing frequency spectra G01R23/00
   S01N29/36: Detecting the response signal, e.g. electronic circuits specially adapted therefor
   S01N29/38: . . by time filtering, e.g. using time gates
   S01N29/40: . . by amplitude filtering, e.g. by applying a threshold or by gain control
   S01N29/42: . . by frequency filtering or by tuning to resonant frequency
   S01N29/44: Processing the detected response signal, e.g. electronic circuits specially adapted therefor digital signal processing per se G06F17/00
   S01N29/44B: . . by comparison
   S01N29/44B1: . . . with a model, e.g. best-fit, regression analysis
   S01N29/44B2: . . . with stored values, e.g. threshold values
   S01N29/44B4: . . . with a reference signal amplitude comparison G01N29/48
   S01N29/44D: . . Classification of defects
   S01N29/44F: . . Signal recognition, e.g. specific values or portions, signal events, signatures
   S01N29/44G: . . Signal correction, e.g. distance amplitude correction (DAC), distance gain size (DGS), noise filtering
   S01N29/44M: . . Mathematical theories or simulation
   S01N29/44N: . . Neural networks
   S01N29/44S: . . Statistical methods not provided for in G01N29/44B, e.g. averaging, smoothing and interpolation
   S01N29/46: . . by spectral analysis, e.g. Fourier analysis or wavelet analysis spectral signal processing per se G06F17/14
   S01N29/48: . . by amplitude comparison
   S01N29/50: . . using auto-correlation techniques or cross-correlation techniques
   S01N29/52: . . using inversion methods other that spectral analysis, e.g. conjugated gradient inversion
   S01N30/00: Investigating or analysing materials by separation into components using adsorption, absorption or similar phenomena or using ion-exchange, e.g. chromatography or field flow fractionation
   S01N30/00A: field flow fractionation (FFF); a driving force is applied transversely to the flow; particles at the wall are driven back by opposing forces
   S01N30/00A1: . . hydrodynamic fractionation, e.g. CHDF or HDC
   S01N30/00A2: . . characterised by driving force
   S01N30/00A2A: . . . sedimentation or centrifugal FFF
   S01N30/00A2B: . . . cross flow FFF
   S01N30/00A2B2: . . . . Asymmetrical flow
   S01N30/00A2C: . . . electrical field
   S01N30/00A2D: . . . magnetic field
   S01N30/00A3: . . characterised by opposing force
   S01N30/00A3A: . . . normal i.e. diffusion or thermal FFF
   S01N30/00A3B: . . . steric FFF, i.e. diffusion negligible for larger particles; separation due to protrusion depth into carrier flow profile
   S01N30/00A3C: . . . hyperlayer i.e. different particle populations in hyperlayers elevated above wall
   S01N30/00A3C1: . . . . lift hyperlayer i.e. hydrodynamic lift forces dominate steric effect
   S01N30/00A3D: . . . Dielectric FFF, i.e. opposing forces dominate hydrodynamic lift forces and steric effects
   S01N30/00A4: . . programming of driving force
   S01N30/00C: Separation due to differential desorption
   S01N30/00C2: . . Thermal desorption
   S01N30/00C4: . . the desorption energy being adapted to sample, e.g. laser tuned to molecular bonds
   S01N30/00E: Extraction
   S01N30/00F: Separation specially adapted for use outside laboratory, e.g. field sampling, portable equipments
   S01N30/02: Column chromatography
   S01N30/20C: . . . . . Sliding rod with metering cavity type
   S01N30/02A: . . characterised by the kind of separation mechanism
   S01N30/02A2: . . . Gas chromatography
   S01N30/02A4: . . . Liquid chromatography
   S01N30/30X: . . . . . Heat exchangers
   S01N30/04: . . Preparation or injection of sample to be analysed
   S01N30/42C: . . . . . counter-current chromatography
   S01N30/42E: . . . . . expanded bed
   S01N30/42F: . . . . . fluidised bed
   S01N30/04S: . . . Standards
   S01N30/04S2: . . . . internal
   S01N30/04S4: . . . . external
   S01N30/58D: . . . . True moving beds
   S01N30/06: . . . Preparation
   S01N30/60A4: . . . . caps put on column or cartouche end
   S01N30/60T: . . . (deleted; content transferred to S01N30/60D10) [D0703]
   S01N30/06A: . . . . extracting sample from raw material
   S01N30/06B: . . . . using different phases to separate parts of sample
   S01N30/06C: . . . . by reaction, e.g. derivatising the sample
   S01N30/08: . . . . using an enricher
   S01N30/88B: . . . computerised systems
   S01N30/88C4: . . . . Fullerenes
   S01N30/88C6: . . . . Simulated distillation
   S01N30/88D: . . . in combination with isotope dilution analysis
   S01N30/08A: . . . . . using absorbing precolumn
   S01N30/10: . . . . using a splitter
   S01N30/12: . . . . by evaporation, cooling or pyrolysis
   S01N30/12A: . . . . . cooling; cold traps
   S01N30/12A1: . . . . . . cryogenic focusing
   S01N30/12A2: . . . . . . using more than one trap
   S01N30/12B: . . . . . pyrolising
   S01N30/12C: . . . . . evaporating sample
   S01N30/12C1: . . . . . . PTV evaporation
   S01N30/12C2: . . . . . . Thermal desorption analysis
   S01N30/14: . . . . by elimination of some components
   S01N30/14A: . . . . . selective absorption
   S01N30/14B: . . . . . using membranes
   S01N30/16: . . . Injection
   S01N30/16A: . . . . electromigration
   S01N30/16B: . . . . retention gaps
   S01N30/16C: . . . . on-column injection
   S01N30/18: . . . . using a septum or microsyringe
   S01N30/18A: . . . . . specially adapted to seal the inlet
   S01N30/20: . . . . using a sampling valve
   S01N30/20A: . . . . . multiport valves, i.e. having more than two ports
   S01N30/20B: . . . . . rotary valves
   S01N30/20D: . . . . . Linearly moving valves, e.g. sliding valves
   S01N30/20E: . . . . . Diaphragm valves, e.g. deformed member closing the passage
   S01N30/20M: . . . . . with metering cavity, e.g. sample loop
   S01N30/20M2: . . . . . . with more than one cavity
   S01N30/22: . . . . in high pressure liquid systems
   S01N30/24: . . . Automatic injection systems
   S01N30/26: . . Conditioning of the fluid carrier; Flow patterns
   S01N30/28: . . . Control of physical parameters of the fluid carrier
   S01N30/28B: . . . . electrically driven carrier
   S01N30/30: . . . . of temperature
   S01N30/30A: . . . . . same temperature for whole column
   S01N30/30B: . . . . . temperature gradients along column
   S01N30/30C: . . . . . using cryogenic fluids
   S01N30/30D: . . . . . using peltier elements
   S01N30/30E: . . . . . temperature control of column exit, e.g. of restrictors
   S01N30/30F: . . . . . temperature control of column inlet
   S01N30/30G: . . . . . using resistive heating
   S01N30/30G1: . . . . . . column or associated structural member used as heater
   S01N30/30G2: . . . . . . electrical resistance used to determine control temperature
   S01N30/30H: . . . . . using specially adapted T(t) profile
   S01N30/30O: . . . . . ovens
   S01N30/30T: . . . . . Heat exchange between incoming and outgoing mobile phase
   S01N30/32: . . . . of pressure or speed
   S01N30/32A: . . . . . pulse dampers
   S01N30/32B: . . . . . speed, flow rate
   S01N30/32C: . . . . . pumps
   S01N30/32D: . . . . . valves, e.g. check valves of pumps
   S01N30/34: . . . . of fluid composition, e.g. gradient
   S01N30/34A: . . . . . fluid composition fixed during analysis
   S01N30/34B: . . . . . fluid electrical conductivity fixed during analysis
   S01N30/34C: . . . . . mixers
   S01N30/36: . . . . in high pressure liquid systems
   S01N30/38: . . . Flow patterns
   S01N30/38A: . . . . centrifugal chromatography
   S01N30/38B: . . . . flow switching in a single column
   S01N30/38B1: . . . . . by using auxiliary fluid
   S01N30/38B2: . . . . . by switching valves
   S01N30/38C: . . . . Radial chromatography, i.e. with mobile phase traversing radially the stationary phase
   S01N30/38D: . . . . Turbulent flow of mobile phase
   S01N30/38E: . . . . Elution in two different directions on one stationary phase
   S01N30/40: . . . . using back flushing
   S01N30/40A: . . . . . purging a device
   S01N30/40B: . . . . . re-concentrating or inverting previous separation
   S01N30/40C: . . . . . carrying out another separation
   S01N30/42: . . . . using counter-current
   S01N30/44: . . . . using recycling of the fraction to be distributed
   S01N30/44A: . . . . . heart cut
   S01N30/46: . . . . using more than one column
   S01N30/46A: . . . . . with serial coupling of separation columns
   S01N30/46A2: . . . . . . with different eluents or with eluents in different states
   S01N30/46A4: . . . . . . for multidimensional chromatography
   S01N30/46A6: . . . . . . with specially adapted interfaces between the columns
   S01N30/46E: . . . . . with separation columns in parallel
   S01N30/46E2: . . . . . . all columns being identical
   S01N30/46S: . . . . . involving switching between different column configurations
   S01N30/48: . . Sorbent materials therefor, i.e. composition
   S01N30/48A: . . . Solid sorbents
   S01N30/48A1: . . . Solid sorbents
   S01N30/48A2: . . . gels
   S01N30/48A3: . . . liquid sorbents
   S01N30/50: . . Conditioning of the sorbent material or stationary liquid
   S01N30/52: . . . Physical parameters
   S01N30/52A: . . . . form
   S01N30/52B: . . . . pressure
   S01N30/52C: . . . . structural properties
   S01N30/52C1: . . . . . surface properties, e.g. porosity
   S01N30/52C2: . . . . . sorbent material in form of a membrane
   S01N30/52C3: . . . . . Monolithic sorbent material
   S01N30/54: . . . . Temperature
   S01N30/56: . . . Packing methods or coating methods
   S01N30/56A: . . . . packing
   S01N30/56A1: . . . . . slurry packing
   S01N30/56B: . . . . coating
   S01N30/58: . . . the sorbent moving as a whole
   S01N30/58A: . . . . micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC)
   S01N30/58B: . . . . Parallel current chromatography
   S01N30/58C: . . . . Continuous annular chromatography
   S01N30/60: . . Construction of the column
   S01N30/60A: . . . end pieces
   S01N30/60A1: . . . . capillary restrictors
   S01N30/60A2: . . . . interfaces to detectors
   S01N30/60A3: . . . . Fluid distributors
   S01N30/60A5: . . . . Adjustable pistons
   S01N30/60A7: . . . . Fluid seals
   S01N30/60A9: . . . . retaining the stationary phase, e.g. Frits
   S01N30/60B: . . . joining multiple columns
   S01N30/60B2: . . . . in series
   S01N30/60B4: . . . . in parallel
   S01N30/60C: . . . with supporting means; Holders
   S01N30/60D: . . . body
   S01N30/60D1: . . . . using semiconductor micromachining techniques
   S01N30/60D10: . . . . transparent to radiation
   S01N30/60D12: . . . . form designed to optimise dispersion
   S01N30/60D2: . . . . with fluid access or exit ports
   S01N30/60D4: . . . . with varying cross section
   S01N30/60D6: . . . . with compartments or bed substructure
   S01N30/60D8: . . . . in open tubular form
   S01N30/60D8B: . . . . . Capillaries
   S01N30/60E: . . . Cartridges
   S01N30/60M: . . . Micro-machined or nano-machined, e.g. of micro- or nano-size
   S01N30/62: . . Detectors specially adapted therefor
   S01N30/62A: . . . signal-to-noise ratio
   S01N30/62A1: . . . . by modulation of sample feed or detector response
   S01N30/62A2: . . . . by measuring reference material, e.g. carrier without sample
   S01N30/62B: . . . calibration, baseline
   S01N30/62M: . . . Multiplexing, i.e. several columns sharing a single detector
   S01N30/64: . . . Electrical detectors
   S01N30/64A: . . . . photoionisation detectors
   S01N30/64B: . . . . electrical conductivity detectors
   S01N30/64C: . . . . surface ionisation
   S01N30/66: . . . Thermal conductivity detectors
   S01N30/68: . . . Flame ionisation detectors
   S01N30/68A: . . . . flame photometry
   S01N30/70: . . . Electron capture detectors
   S01N30/72: . . . Mass spectrometers
   S01N30/72G: . . . . interfaced to gas chromatograph
   S01N30/72G2: . . . . . splitting of the gaseous effluent
   S01N30/72G4: . . . . . through a gas-permeable barrier, membrane, porous layer
   S01N30/72G6: . . . . . OWTC, short capillaries or transfer line used as column
   S01N30/72L: . . . . interfaced to liquid or superfluid chromatograph
   S01N30/72L2: . . . . . Nebulising, aerosol formation or ionisation
   S01N30/72L2A: . . . . . . by pneumatic means
   S01N30/72L2B: . . . . . . by thermal means, e.g. thermospray
   S01N30/72L2C: . . . . . . by electrical discharge
   S01N30/72L2D: . . . . . . by electric field, e.g. electrospray
   S01N30/72L4: . . . . . Desolvation chambers
   S01N30/72S: . . . . Intermediate storage of effluent, e.g. condensation on surface
   S01N30/72S2: . . . . . the store moving as a whole, e.g. moving wire
   S01N30/72V: . . . . kinetic velocity or momentum separators
   S01N30/74: . . . Optical detectors
   S01N30/74A: . . . . FTIR
   S01N30/74L: . . . . detecting along the line of flow, e.g. axial
   S01N30/76: . . . Acoustical detectors
   S01N30/76V: . . . . for measuring mechanical vibrations
   S01N30/77: . . . detecting radioactive properties
   S01N30/78: . . . using more than one detector
   S01N30/80: . . Fraction collectors
   S01N30/82: . . . Automatic means therefor
   S01N30/84: . . Preparation of the fraction to be distributed
   S01N30/84A: . . . using pyrolysis
   S01N30/84B: . . . Intermediate storage of effluent, including condensation on surface
   S01N30/84B2: . . . . the store moving as a whole, e.g. moving wire
   S01N30/84C: . . . using permeable separator tubes
   S01N30/84D: . . . adding modificating material
   S01N30/84D1: . . . . for chemical reaction
   S01N30/84D2: . . . . to modify physical properties
   S01N30/84N: . . . Nebulising, aerosol formation or ionisation
   S01N30/84N10: . . . . by electrical or glow discharge
   S01N30/84N12: . . . . by electric field
   S01N30/84N14: . . . . Desolvation chambers
   S01N30/84N2: . . . . Generation of electrically charged aerosols or ions
   S01N30/84N2A: . . . . . of ions or clusters of individual ions
   S01N30/84N4: . . . . Uncharged atoms or aerosols
   S01N30/84N6: . . . . by pneumatic means
   S01N30/84N8: . . . . by thermal means
   S01N30/86: . . Signal analysis
   S01N30/86A: . . . with integration or differentiation
   S01N30/86A1: . . . . integration
   S01N30/86A10: . . . . Other mathematical operations for data preprocessing
   S01N30/86A2: . . . . differentiation
   S01N30/86A4: . . . . Dividing or multiplying by a constant
   S01N30/86A8: . . . . Filtering, e.g. Fourier filtering
   S01N30/86B: . . . Detection of slopes or peaks; baseline correction
   S01N30/86B1: . . . . slopes
   S01N30/86B10: . . . . Feature extraction not otherwise provided for
   S01N30/86B2: . . . . peaks
   S01N30/86B2A: . . . . . peak quality criteria
   S01N30/86B2B: . . . . . Peak shape
   S01N30/86B3: . . . . baseline
   S01N30/86B4: . . . . Data segmentation, e.g. time windows
   S01N30/86C: . . . Recording, data aquisition, archiving, storage and display
   S01N30/86C2: . . . . Details of data formats
   S01N30/86D: . . . Optimising operation parameters
   S01N30/86D1: . . . . expert systems; optimising a large number of parameters
   S01N30/86F: . . . for calibrating the measuring apparatus; Validation; Quality control
   S01N30/86F1: . . . . using retention times
   S01N30/86F2: . . . . not depending on an individual instrument, e.g. retention time indices or calibration transfer
   S01N30/86G: . . . Evaluation, i.e. decoding of the signal into analytical information, for analysis of specific compounds see also S01N30/88 and subgroups of S01N33; chemical libraries per se C40B
   S01N30/86G2: . . . . Target compound analysis, i.e. whereby a limited number of peaks is analysed
   S01N30/86G4: . . . . Group type analysis, e.g. of components having structural properties in common
   S01N30/86G6: . . . . Fingerprinting, e.g. without prior knowledge of the sample components
   S01N30/86G8: . . . . Peak purity of coeluting compounds
   S01N30/86M: . . . Models, e.g. prediction of retention, method development and validation
   S01N30/86S: . . . Details of software
   S01N30/88: . . Integrated analysis systems specially adapted therefor, not covered by a single one of the groups S01N30/04 to S01N30/86
   S01N30/88A: . . . automated systems
   S01N30/88C: . . . analysis specially adapted for the sample
   S01N30/88C1: . . . . biological materials
   S01N30/88C10: . . . . optical isomers
   S01N30/88C1A: . . . . . involving amino acids
   S01N30/88C1B: . . . . . involving blood
   S01N30/88C1N: . . . . . involving nucleic acids
   S01N30/88C1P: . . . . . involving peptides or proteins
   S01N30/88C1S: . . . . . involving saccharides
   S01N30/88C3: . . . . organic compounds
   S01N30/88C3H: . . . . . involving halogenated organic compounds
   S01N30/88C3P: . . . . . involving polymers
   S01N30/88C3Y: . . . . . involving hydrocarbons
   S01N30/88C5: . . . . inorganic compounds
   S01N30/88C5F: . . . . . Fullerenes
   S01N30/88C7: . . . . elemental analysis; e.g. isotope dilution analysis
   S01N30/88C9: . . . . impurities
   S01N30/88M: . . . Modular construction, specially adapted therefor
   S01N30/88P: . . . Analysis of industrial production processes
   S01N30/88Q: . . . monitoring the quality of the stationary phase; column performance
   S01N30/88R: . . . Independent juxtaposition of embodiments; Reviews
   S01N30/89: Inverse chromatography
   S01N30/90: Plate chromatography, e.g. thin layer or paper chromatography
   S01N30/90A: . . centrifugal chromatography
   S01N30/90B: . . pressurised fluid phase
   S01N30/91: . . Application of the sample
   S01N30/92: . . Construction of the plate
   S01N30/93: . . . Application of the sorbent layer
   S01N30/94: . . Development
   S01N30/94A: . . . Application of reagents to undeveloped plate
   S01N30/95: . . Detectors specially adapted therefor; signal analysis
   S01N30/96: using ion-exchange
   S01N30/96A: . . suppressor columns
   S01N31/00: Investigating or analysing non-biological materials by the use of the chemical methods specified in the subgroups; Apparatus specially adapted for such methods
   S01N31/00B: Determining nitrogen by transformation into ammonia e.g. KJELDAHL method
   S01N31/00C: Investigating the presence of an element by oxydation
   S01N31/00C1: . . by measuring the quantity of water resulting therefrom
   S01N31/02: using precipitation
   S01N31/10: using catalysis
   S01N31/12: using combustion
   S01N31/16: using titration
   S01N31/16B: . . Determining the equivalent point by means of a discontinuity
   S01N31/16B1: . . . by electrical or electrochemical means
   S01N31/16C: . . Continuous titration of flowing liquids
   S01N31/16D: . . Determining water content by using Karl Fischer reagent
   S01N31/18: . . Burettes specially adapted for titration
   S01N31/20: using micro-analysis, e.g. drop reaction
   S01N31/22: using chemical indicators
   S01N31/22B: . . for investigating pH value
   S01N31/22C: . . for investigating moisture content
   S01N31/22D: . . for investigating presence of specific gases or aerosols
   S01N31/22D2: . . . for investigating presence of dangerous gases
   S01N31/22D4: . . . for oxygen, e.g. including dissolved oxygen
   S01N31/22F: . . for investigating the degree of sterilisation
   S01N31/22H: . . for nitrates or nitrites
   S01N31/22J: . . for peroxides
   S01N31/22L: . . for investigating time/temperature history
   S01N33/00: Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by the preceding groups
   S01N33/00B: by organoleptic means
   S01N33/00C: Composite materials
   S01N33/00D: Gaseous mixtures, e.g. polluted air
   S01N33/00D1: . . Calibrating gas analysers
   S01N33/00D1M: . . . Details concerning storage of calibration data, e.g. in EEPROM
   S01N33/00D2: . . General constructional details of gas analysers, e.g. portable test equipment
   S01N33/00D2A: . . . Sample conditioning
   S01N33/00D2A1: . . . . by a chemical reaction
   S01N33/00D2A2: . . . . by eliminating a gas
   S01N33/00D2A3: . . . . by regulating a physical variable, e.g. pressure, temperature
   S01N33/00D2A4: . . . . by dilution
   S01N33/00D2A5: . . . . by preconcentration
   S01N33/00D2A6: . . . . involving the use of a carrier gas for transport to the sensor
   S01N33/00D2B: . . . using a number of analysing channels
   S01N33/00D2B1: . . . . a chemical reaction taking place or a gas being eliminated in one or more channels
   S01N33/00D2C: . . . use of an alternating circulation of another gas
   S01N33/00D2D: . . . concerning the detector
   S01N33/00D2D1: . . . . cleaning
   S01N33/00D2D2: . . . . comprising two or more sensors, e.g. a sensor array [M1201]
   S01N33/00D2D2A: . . . . . using two or more different physical functioning modes
   S01N33/00D2D2N: . . . . . comprising neural networks or related mathematical techniques
   S01N33/00D2D3: . . . . Pneumatic sensors
   S01N33/00D2D4: . . . . Specially adapted to detect a particular component
   S01N33/00D2D4A: . . . . . for NOx
   S01N33/00D2D4B: . . . . . for O3
   S01N33/00D2D4C: . . . . . for CO, CO2
   S01N33/00D2D4D: . . . . . for SO2, SO3
   S01N33/00D2D4E: . . . . . for H2S, sulfides
   S01N33/00D2D4F: . . . . . for Hg
   S01N33/00D2D4G: . . . . . for organic compounds
   S01N33/00D2D4G1: . . . . . . for halogenated organic compounds
   S01N33/00D2D4G2: . . . . . . for anaesthetics, narcotics, drugs, and the like
   S01N33/00D2D4H: . . . . . for H2
   S01N33/00D2D4I: . . . . . for gaseous halogens
   S01N33/00D2D4K: . . . . . for ammonia
   S01N33/00D2D4L: . . . . . for radionuclides
   S01N33/00D2D4M: . . . . . for warfare agents or explosives
   S01N33/00D2D4Z: . . . . . avoiding interference of a gas with the gas to be measured
   S01N33/00D2D4Z1: . . . . . . avoiding interference of water vapour with the gas to be measured
   S01N33/00D2E: . . . concerning the measuring method, e.g. intermittent, or the display, e.g. digital
   S01N33/00D2E1: . . . . using a threshold to release an alarm or displaying means
   S01N33/00D2E1A: . . . . . using more than one threshold
   S01N33/00D2E2: . . . . by measuring the rate of variation of the concentration
   S01N33/00D2E3: . . . . using a computer specifically programmed
   S01N33/00D2F: . . . Arrangements to check the analyser
   S01N33/00D2F1: . . . . by generating a test gas
   S01N33/00D2G: . . . Control unit therefor
   S01N33/00D2G1: . . . . for multiple spatially distributed sensors, e.g. for environmental monitoring (transmission systems for measured values G08C)
   S01N33/00G: testing material properties on individual granules or tablets
   S01N33/00M: testing material properties on manufactured objects
   S01N33/00M1: . . sport articles (balls, skis, rackets)
   S01N33/00M2: . . containers; packages; bottles
   S01N33/00M3: . . vehicle parts
   S01N33/00M3W: . . . wheels
   S01N33/00M4: . . clothes; hosiery
   S01N33/00M5: . . electrical parts
   S01N33/00M9: . . other articles
   S01N33/00M9A: . . . seals
   S01N33/00M9B: . . . furniture, mattresses
   S01N33/00M9C: . . . turbine components
   S01N33/00P: Powders
   S01N33/00R: radioactive materials
   S01N33/00S: Semiconductive materials
   S01N33/00T: testing material properties on thin layers or coatings
   S01N33/00V: plants; trees
   S01N33/02: food
   S01N33/02F: . . fruits or vegetables
   S01N33/03: . . edible oils or edible fats
   S01N33/04: . . dairy products
   S01N33/06: . . . Determining fat content, e.g. by butyrometer
   S01N33/08: . . eggs, e.g. by candling
   S01N33/08B: . . . by candling
   S01N33/10: . . starch-containing substances, e.g. dough
   S01N33/10P: . . . Pasta
   S01N33/12: . . meat; fish
   S01N33/14: . . beverages
   S01N33/14B: . . . containing sugar
   S01N33/14C: . . . containing alcohol
   S01N33/15: medicinal preparations
   S01N33/18: water
   S01N33/18A: . . biological or chemical oxygen demand (BOD or COD)
   S01N33/18B: . . Specific cations in water, e.g. heavy metals
   S01N33/18C: . . Specific anions in water
   S01N33/18D: . . organic contamination in water
   S01N33/18D1: . . . oil in water
   S01N33/18D2: . . . herbicides, pesticides, fungicides, insecticides, or the like
   S01N33/18D3: . . . Total carbon analysis
   S01N33/18E: . . hardness of water
   S01N33/18F: . . using one or more living organisms, e.g. a fish
   S01N33/18F1: . . . using micro-organisms
   S01N33/18H: . . ice or snow
   S01N33/18N: . . Determining the state of nitrification
   S01N33/18P: . . using probes, e.g. submersible probes, buoys
   S01N33/18Q: . . using flow cells
   S01N33/20: metals
   S01N33/20B: . . for the presence of a volatilisable, e.g. gaseous, component
   S01N33/20C: . . in molten state, e.g. after local fusion
   S01N33/22: fuels; explosives
   S01N33/22B: . . Solid fuels, e.g. coal
   S01N33/22C: . . Gaseous fuels, e.g. natural gas
   S01N33/22D: . . Explosives, e.g. combustive properties thereof
   S01N33/24: Earth materials
   S01N33/24A: . . for hydrocarbon content
   S01N33/24C: . . for determining biological parameters concerning composting, biodegradability or bioavailability
   S01N33/24G: . . for agricultural purposes
   S01N33/24H: . . for measuring humidity or water content
   S01N33/24M: . . related to manure as a biological product, i.e. excluding artificial fertilizers
   S01N33/26: Oils; Viscous liquids; Paints; Inks
   S01N33/28: . . Oils, i.e. hydrocarbon liquids [M1201]
   S01N33/28B: . . . Investigating the resistance to heat or oxidation
   S01N33/28C: . . . by measuring cloud point or pour point of oils
   S01N33/28D: . . . using a test engine
   S01N33/28E: . . . Raw oil, drilling fluid or polyphasic mixtures
   S01N33/28F: . . . Mixtures of fuels, e.g. determining the RON-number
   S01N33/28G: . . . Specific substances contained in the oil or fuel
   S01N33/28G1: . . . . Gas in oil, e.g. hydrogen in insulating oil
   S01N33/28G2: . . . . Water in oil
   S01N33/28G3: . . . . Alcohol/fuel mixtures
   S01N33/28G4: . . . . Metal particles
   S01N33/28G5: . . . . Lead content
   S01N33/28G6: . . . . Sulfur content
   S01N33/28G7: . . . . Total acid number
   S01N33/28G8: . . . . Markers
   S01N33/28H: . . . Lubricating oil characteristics, e.g. deterioration
   S01N33/28M: . . . For metal working or machining [M1201]
   S01N33/30: . . . for lubricating properties
   S01N33/32: . . Paints; Inks
   S01N33/34: Paper
   S01N33/34A: . . Paper pulp
   S01N33/34B: . . Paper sheets
   S01N33/36: textiles
   S01N33/36A: . . Material before processing, e.g. bulk cotton or wool
   S01N33/36B: . . Filiform textiles, e.g. yarns
   S01N33/36C: . . Fabric or woven textiles
   S01N33/38: concrete; ceramics; glass; bricks
   S01N33/38B: . . precious stones; pearls
   S01N33/38C: . . concrete; cement
   S01N33/38D: . . crystals
   S01N33/38F: . . glass
   S01N33/38L: . . ceramics
   S01N33/40: grinding-materials
   S01N33/42: road-making materials
   S01N33/44: resins; rubber; leather
   S01N33/44A: . . Resins, plastics [M1201]
   S01N33/44B: . . rubber
   S01N33/44C: . . leather
   S01N33/46: wood
   S01N33/48: biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Haemocytometers
   S01N33/483: . . Physical analysis of biological material
   S01N33/483B: . . . Sampling or preparing specimens; Devices for automatic analysis
   S01N33/483B1: . . . . Devices for automatic analysis
   S01N33/483B2: . . . . by separating the blood components
   S01N33/483C: . . . of solid biological material, e.g. tissue samples, cell cultures
   S01N33/483C1: . . . . using multielectrode arrays
   S01N33/487: . . . of liquid biological material
   S01N33/487B: . . . . by electrical means
   S01N33/487B1: . . . . . for determining substances foreign to the organism, e.g. drugs, heavy metals
   S01N33/487B2: . . . . . Measuring glucose content in vitro
   S01N33/487B3: . . . . . Calibration
   S01N33/487B4: . . . . . checking the analyzer
   S01N33/487B5: . . . . . Investigating individual macromolecules, e.g. by translocation through nanopores
   S01N33/487B6: . . . . . Investigating individual cells, e.g. by patch clamp, voltage clamp
   S01N33/487B7: . . . . . Investigating suspensions of cells, e.g. measuring microbe concentration
   S01N33/487C: . . . . by optical means
   S01N33/487D: . . . . Determining urea by measuring the volume of a gas
   S01N33/487E: . . . . Details of handling test elements, e.g. dispensing or storage, not specific to a particular test method
   S01N33/487E1: . . . . . Test elements dispensed from a stack
   S01N33/487E2: . . . . . Test tape taken off a spool
   S01N33/487E3: . . . . . Coding of information, e.g. calibration data, lot number
   S01N33/487E4: . . . . . Containers specially adapted therefor, e.g. for dry storage
   S01N33/487F: . . . . Electrical and electronic details of measuring devices for physical analysis of liquid biological material not specific to a particular test method, e.g. user interface or power supply
   S01N33/487F1: . . . . . Data management, e.g. communication with a processing unit
   S01N33/48A4: . . solid biological material, skin, hair, muscles
   S01N33/49: . . . . blood
   S01N33/493: . . . . urine
   S01N33/497: . . . of gaseous biological material, e.g. breath
   S01N33/497A: . . . . Determining alcohol content
   S01N33/497D: . . . . other than oxygen, carbon dioxide or alcohol, e.g. organic vapours
   S01N33/497M: . . . . metabolic gass from microbes, cell cultures, plant tissues and the like
   S01N33/49B: . . . . . Determining clotting time of blood
   S01N33/49C: . . . . . by separating the blood components
   S01N33/49D: . . . . . using flow cells
   S01N33/49F: . . . . . Determining multiple analytes
   S01N33/49G: . . . . . Measuring blood gas content, e.g. O2, CO2, HCO3
   S01N33/50: . . Chemical analysis of biological material, e.g. blood, urine; Testing involving biospecific ligand binding methods; Immunological testing
   S01N33/50B: . . . involving cell lysing agents
   S01N33/50D: . . . blood diluents
   S01N33/50D2: . . . . for testing or evaluating the effect of chemical or biological compounds, e.g. drugs, cosmetics
   S01N33/50D2B: . . . . . for testing antineoplastic activity
   S01N33/50D2D: . . . . . for testing toxicity
   S01N33/50D2D2: . . . . . . for testing neoplastic activity
   S01N33/50D2E: . . . . . [N: for testing non-proliferative effects]
   S01N33/50D2E10: . . . . . . [N: on sub-cellular localization]
   S01N33/50D2E12: . . . . . . [N: involving detection of metabolites per se]
   S01N33/50D2E14: . . . . . . [N: involving analysis of members of signalling pathways]
   S01N33/50D2E2: . . . . . . [N: on expression patterns]
   S01N33/50D2E4: . . . . . . [N: on cell morphology]
   S01N33/50D2E6: . . . . . . [N: on cell motility]
   S01N33/50D2E8: . . . . . . [N: on intercellular interactions]
   S01N33/50D2F: . . . . . [N: involving specific cell types]
   S01N33/50D2F10: . . . . . . [N:Liver cells]
   S01N33/50D2F12: . . . . . . [N: Pancreatic cells]
   S01N33/50D2F14: . . . . . . [N: Stem cells]
   S01N33/50D2F2: . . . . . . [N: Cells of the immune system]
   S01N33/50D2F2B: . . . . . . . [N: involving T-cells]
   S01N33/50D2F2D: . . . . . . . [N: involving B-cells]
   S01N33/50D2F2F: . . . . . . . [N: involving macrophages]
   S01N33/50D2F4: . . . . . . [N: Neurological cells]
   S01N33/50D2F6: . . . . . . [N: Muscle cells]
   S01N33/50D2F8: . . . . . . [N: Endothelial cells]
   S01N33/50D2H: . . . . . involving cell organelles, e.g. Golgi complex, endoplasmic reticulum
   S01N33/50D2H2: . . . . . . Mitochondria
   S01N33/50D2J: . . . . . Supracellular entities, e.g. tissue, organisms
   S01N33/50D2J2: . . . . . . of invertebrates
   S01N33/50D2J4: . . . . . . of vertebrates
   S01N33/50D4: . . . . for testing the pathological state of an organism
   S01N33/50D6: . . . . for blood cell populations red blood cells G01N33/80
   S01N33/50F: . . . involving plant cells immunoassays of plant cells G01N33/569F; unicellular algae, photoplankton and photosynthetic bacteria in screening assays C12Q1/02B
   S01N33/52: . . . Use of compounds or compositions for colorimetric, spectrophotometric or fluorometric investigation, e.g. use of reagent paper and including single- and multilayer analytical elements
   S01N33/52B: . . . . Single-layer analytical elements
   S01N33/52B2: . . . . . the element being adapted for a specific analyte
   S01N33/52C: . . . . Multi-layer analytical elements
   S01N33/52C2: . . . . . the element being adapted for a specific analyte
   S01N33/52D: . . . . Atypical element structures, e.g. gloves, rods, tampons, toilet paper
   S01N33/53: . . . Immunoassay; Biospecific binding assay
   S01N33/531: . . . . Production of immunochemical test materials
   S01N33/532: . . . . . Production of labelled immunochemicals
   S01N33/533: . . . . . . with fluorescent label
   S01N33/534: . . . . . . with radioactive label
   S01N33/535: . . . . . . with enzyme label or co-enzymes, co-factors, enzyme inhibitors or enzyme substrates
   S01N33/536: . . . . with immune complex formed in liquid phase
   S01N33/537: . . . . . with separation of immune complex from unbound antigen or antibody
   S01N33/537B: . . . . . . by changing the physical or chemical properties of the medium or immunochemicals, e.g. temperature, density, pH, partitioning
   S01N33/538: . . . . . . by sorbent column, particles or resin strip i.e. sorbent materials
   S01N33/539: . . . . . . involving precipitating reagent, e.g. ammonium sulfate
   S01N33/53B: . . . . Apparatus specially adapted for immunological test procedures
   S01N33/53B2: . . . . . Reaction vessels, e.g. agglutination plates
   S01N33/53D: . . . . Improving reaction conditions, e.g. reduction of non-specific binding, promotion of specific binding
   S01N33/53F: . . . . for analytes not provided for elsewhere, e.g. nucleic acids, uric acid, worms, mites
   S01N33/541: . . . . . . . Double or second antibody, i.e. precipitating antibody
   S01N33/542: . . . . . with steric inhibition or signal modification, e.g. fluorescent quenching
   S01N33/543: . . . . with an insoluble carrier for immobilising immunochemicals
   S01N33/543B: . . . . . Solid-phase reaction mechanisms
   S01N33/543D: . . . . . the carrier being characterised by its particulate form
   S01N33/543D2: . . . . . . Liposomes or microcapsules
   S01N33/543D4: . . . . . . Magnetic particles
   S01N33/543D4B: . . . . . . . Modification of conditions of immunological binding reaction, e.g. use of more than one type of particle, use of chemical agents to improve binding, choice of incubation time or application of magnetic field during binding reaction
   S01N33/543D4D: . . . . . . . using magnetic particle immunoreagent carriers which constitute new materials per se
   S01N33/543D6: . . . . . . Nanoparticles
   S01N33/543F: . . . . . with ligand attached to the carrier via a chemical coupling agent
   S01N33/543H: . . . . . with ligand physically entrapped within the solid phase
   S01N33/543K: . . . . . Apparatus specially adapted for solid-phase testing
   S01N33/543K2: . . . . . . involving physiochemical end-point determination, e.g. wave- guides, FETS, gratings
   S01N33/543K2B: . . . . . . . Electrodes
   S01N33/543K4: . . . . . . Analytical elements
   S01N33/543M: . . . . . Improving reaction conditions or stability, e.g. by coating or irradiation of surface, by reduction of non-specific binding, by promotion of specific binding
   S01N33/544: . . . . . the carrier being organic
   S01N33/545: . . . . . . Synthetic resin
   S01N33/546: . . . . . . . as water suspendable particles
   S01N33/547: . . . . . . . with antigen or antibody attached to the carrier via a bridging agent
   S01N33/548: . . . . . . Carbohydrates, e.g. dextran
   S01N33/549: . . . . . . with antigen or antibody entrapped within the carrier
   S01N33/551: . . . . . the carrier being inorganic
   S01N33/552: . . . . . . Glass or silica
   S01N33/553: . . . . . . Metal or metal coated
   S01N33/554: . . . . . the carrier being a biological cell or cell fragment, e.g. bacteria, yeast cells
   S01N33/555: . . . . . . Red blood cell
   S01N33/556: . . . . . . . Fixed or stabilised red blood cell
   S01N33/557: . . . . using kinetic measurement, i.e. time rate of progress of an antigen-antibody interaction
   S01N33/558: . . . . using diffusion or migration of antigen or antibody
   S01N33/559: . . . . . through a gel, e.g. Ouchterlony technique
   S01N33/561: . . . . . Immunoelectrophoresis
   S01N33/563: . . . . involving antibody fragments
   S01N33/564: . . . . for pre-existing immune complex or autoimmune disease i.e. systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid factors or complement components C1-C9
   S01N33/566: . . . . using specific carrier or receptor proteins as ligand binding reagents
   S01N33/567: . . . . . utilising isolate of tissue or organ as binding agent
   S01N33/569: . . . . for micro-organisms, e.g. protozoa, bacteria, viruses
   S01N33/569B: . . . . . protozoa
   S01N33/569D: . . . . . bacteria
   S01N33/569D10: . . . . . . Staphylococcus
   S01N33/569D12: . . . . . . Streptococcus
   S01N33/569D14: . . . . . . Mycobacteria
   S01N33/569D16: . . . . . . involved in periodontal diseases
   S01N33/569D2: . . . . . . Enterobacteria; e.g. shigella, salmonella, klebsiella, serratia
   S01N33/569D4: . . . . . . Campylobacter
   S01N33/569D6: . . . . . . Chlamydia
   S01N33/569D8: . . . . . . Mycoplasma
   S01N33/569F: . . . . . plant cells or fungi
   S01N33/569H: . . . . . animal cells
   S01N33/569H2: . . . . . . white blood cells
   S01N33/569H4: . . . . . . HLA or MHC typing
   S01N33/569K: . . . . . viruses
   S01N33/569K2: . . . . . . AIDS or HTLV
   S01N33/569K4: . . . . . . Herpetoviridae, e.g. cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus
   S01N33/571: . . . . . for venereal disease, e.g. syphilis, gonorrhoea, herpes
   S01N33/573: . . . . for enzymes or isoenzymes
   S01N33/573B: . . . . . co-enzymes or co-factors, e.g. NAD, ATP
   S01N33/574: . . . . for cancer
   S01N33/574B: . . . . . of breast
   S01N33/574C: . . . . . Specifically defined cancers
   S01N33/574C10: . . . . . . leukemia
   S01N33/574C12: . . . . . . of skin, melanoma
   S01N33/574C14: . . . . . . of prostate
   S01N33/574C16: . . . . . . of liver, pancreas or kidney
   S01N33/574C18: . . . . . . of the uterus and endometrial
   S01N33/574C2: . . . . . . of cervix
   S01N33/574C20: . . . . . . of stomach or intestine
   S01N33/574C22: . . . . . . of ovaries
   S01N33/574C4: . . . . . . of breast
   S01N33/574C6: . . . . . . of colon
   S01N33/574C8: . . . . . . of lung
   S01N33/574D: . . . . . of lung
   S01N33/574F: . . . . . of skin
   S01N33/574H: . . . . . of liver, pancreas or kidney
   S01N33/574K: . . . . . of stomach or intestine
   S01N33/574M: . . . . . involving tumor associated glycolinkage, i.e. TAG
   S01N33/574P: . . . . . involving carcinoembryonic antigen, i.e. CEA
   S01N33/574R: . . . . . involving oncofetal proteins
   S01N33/574T: . . . . . involving oncogenic proteins
   S01N33/574V: . . . . . involving compounds serving as markers for tumor, cancer, neoplasia, e.g. cellular determinants, receptors, heat shock/stress proteins, A-protein, oligosaccharides, metabolites
   S01N33/574V2: . . . . . . involving compounds identifable in body fluids
   S01N33/574V4: . . . . . . involving compounds localized on the membrane of tumor or cancer cells
   S01N33/574V6: . . . . . . involving intracellular compounds
   S01N33/576: . . . . for hepatitis
   S01N33/576B: . . . . . hepatitis B
   S01N33/576B2: . . . . . . hepatitis B core antigen
   S01N33/576B4: . . . . . . hepatitis B surface antigen
   S01N33/576D: . . . . . hepatitis delta antigen
   S01N33/576F: . . . . . non-A, non-B hepatitis
   S01N33/576H: . . . . . hepatitis A
   S01N33/577: . . . . involving monoclonal antibodies, i.e. binding reaction mechanisms characterised by the use of monoclonal antibodies
   S01N33/579: . . . involving limulus lysate
   S01N33/58: . . . involving labelled substances
   S01N33/58B: . . . . with enzyme label (including co-enzymes, co-factors, enzyme inhibitors or substrates)
   S01N33/58D: . . . . with fluorescent label
   S01N33/58F: . . . . with non-fluorescent dye label
   S01N33/58H: . . . . with a particulate label, e.g. coloured latex
   S01N33/58H2: . . . . . liposomes, microcapsules or cells
   S01N33/58H4: . . . . . Nanoparticles
   S01N33/58J: . . . . with semiconductor nanocrystal label, e.g. quantum dots
   S01N33/60: . . . . involving radioactive labelled substances
   S01N33/62: . . . involving urea
   S01N33/64: . . . involving ketones
   S01N33/66: . . . involving blood sugars, e.g. galactose
   S01N33/68: . . . involving proteins, peptides or amino acids
   S01N33/68A: . . . . General methods of protein analysis not limited to specific proteins or families of proteins
   S01N33/68A10: . . . . . Methods of identifying protein-protein interactions in protein mixtures
   S01N33/68A12: . . . . . [N: Methods of protein analysis involving mass spectrometry]
   S01N33/68A12A: . . . . . . [N: Methods of protein analysis involving laser desorption ionisation mass spectrometry]
   S01N33/68A2: . . . . . Determination of free amino acids
   S01N33/68A2B: . . . . . . involving fluorescent derivatizing reagents reacting non-specifically with all amino acids
   S01N33/68A2D: . . . . . . Assays for specific amino acids
   S01N33/68A2D2: . . . . . . . containing sulfur, e.g. cysteine, cystine, methionine, homocysteine
   S01N33/68A4: . . . . . [N: Sequencing of polypeptides]
   S01N33/68A4B: . . . . . . involving C-terminal degradation
   S01N33/68A4D: . . . . . . involving N-terminal degradation, e.g. Edman degradation
   S01N33/68A6: . . . . . Total protein determination, e.g. albumin in urine
   S01N33/68A6B: . . . . . . involving metal ions
   S01N33/68A6B2: . . . . . . . Copper, e.g. Folin-, Lowry-, biuret methods
   S01N33/68A6B4: . . . . . . . Silver staining
   S01N33/68A6D: . . . . . . involving dyes, e.g. Coomassie blue, bromcresol green
   S01N33/68A8: . . . . . [N: Proteomic analysis of subsets of protein mixtures with reduced complexity, e.g. membrane proteins, phosphoproteins, organelle proteins]
   S01N33/68B: . . . . immunoglobulins
   S01N33/68B2: . . . . . antibody fragments
   S01N33/68B4: . . . . . anti-idiotype
   S01N33/68D: . . . . lymphokins
   S01N33/68D2: . . . . . interferon
   S01N33/68D4: . . . . . interleukin
   S01N33/68F: . . . . monokins, e.g. regulatory factors not defined as hormones
   S01N33/68H: . . . . nucleoproteins
   S01N33/68K: . . . . in eptitope analysis
   S01N33/68M: . . . . from skin
   S01N33/68P: . . . . from lung
   S01N33/68R: . . . . from muscle, cartilage or connective tissue
   S01N33/68T: . . . . related to pregnancy or the gonads
   S01N33/68V: . . . . related to diseases not provided for elsewhere
   S01N33/68V2: . . . . . Neurological disorders, e.g. Alzheimer`s disease
   S01N33/70: . . . involving creatine or creatinine
   S01N33/72: . . . involving blood pigments, e.g. hemoglobin, bilirubin or other porphyrins
   S01N33/72B: . . . . Haemoglobin
   S01N33/72B2: . . . . . Glycosylated haemoglobin
   S01N33/72B4: . . . . . using peroxidative activity
   S01N33/72B6: . . . . . Devices
   S01N33/72D: . . . . Bilirubin; including biliverdin
   S01N33/74: . . . involving hormones or their receptors
   S01N33/74B: . . . . steroid hormones
   S01N33/74D: . . . . erythropoetin
   S01N33/76: . . . . Human chorionic gonadotropin including luteinising hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone
   S01N33/78: . . . . Thyroid gland hormones e.g. T3, T4, TBH, TBG
   S01N33/80: . . . involving blood groups or blood types or red blood cells
   S01N33/82: . . . involving vitamins
   S01N33/84: . . . involving inorganic compounds or pH
   S01N33/86: . . . involving blood coagulating time or factors
   S01N33/88: . . . involving prostaglandins
   S01N33/90: . . . involving iron binding capacity of blood
   S01N33/92: . . . involving lipids, e.g. cholesterol or lipoproteins
   S01N33/94: . . . involving narcotics or drugs or pharmaceuticals, neurotransmitters or associated receptors
   S01N33/94B: . . . . Neurotransmitters
   S01N33/94B10: . . . . . Acetylcholine
   S01N33/94B2: . . . . . Dopamine
   S01N33/94B4: . . . . . Serotonin, i.e. 5-hydroxy-tryptamine
   S01N33/94B6: . . . . . GABA, i.e. gamma-amino-butyrate
   S01N33/94B8: . . . . . (Nor)adrenaline
   S01N33/94D: . . . . Antibacterials
   S01N33/94F: . . . . Cardioregulators, e.g. antihypotensives, antiarrhythmics
   S01N33/94H: . . . . CNS-stimulants, e.g. cocaine, amphetamines
   S01N33/94J: . . . . Antidepressants
   S01N33/94L: . . . . Anticonvulsants, e.g. phenobarbitol, phenytoin
   S01N33/94N: . . . . Sedatives, e.g. cannabinoids, barbiturates opiates G01N33/94P
   S01N33/94P: . . . . Analgesics, e.g. opiates, aspirine
   S01N33/94R: . . . . Immunosupressants
   S01N33/96: . . . involving blood or serum control standard
   S01N33/98: . . . involving alcohol, e.g. ethanol in breath
   S01N35/00: Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in a single one of the preceding groups; Handling materials therefor
   S01N35/00A: Control arrangements for analysers
   S01N35/00A1: . . Details of computer control means
   S01N35/00A1A: . . . Alarms, devices for signalling to operator
   S01N35/00A1B: . . . Checking for anomalous results
   S01N35/00A1C: . . . Curve-fitting or parameter matching
   S01N35/00A1D: . . . Scheduling multiple test protocols
   S01N35/00A1D2: . . . . Random access, i.e. order of treating samples not determined by their physical position
   S01N35/00A1E: . . . Automatic start-up or calibration systems; "stand-by" condition between measurements
   S01N35/00A1E2: . . . . Monitoring condition of reagents
   S01N35/00A1F: . . . Self-testing other than calibration
   S01N35/00A1G: . . . Special data transmission means
   S01N35/00A1G1: . . . . cordless
   S01N35/00A1G3: . . . . involving modems or the like
   S01N35/00A3: . . Using codes attached to sample carriers
   S01N35/00A3A: . . . Devices for sticking labels to containers (eg for secondary containers)
   S01N35/00A3B: . . . Bar codes
   S01N35/00A3D: . . . Using dummy sample tubes or the like
   S01N35/00A3M: . . . Magnetic codes
   S01N35/00A3P: . . . Other mechanical or optical coding
   S01N35/00A3V: . . . Variable codes assigned by the analyser
   S01N35/00A5: . . Means for introducing urgent samples with priority
   S01N35/00A7: . . Calibration
   S01N35/00A9: . . Monitoring reactions as a function of time
   S01N35/00B: provided with a sample supporting tape
   S01N35/00B1: . . cassette structures
   S01N35/00C: provided with flat sample substrates, e.g. slides
   S01N35/00C1: . . Transport arrangements specific to flat sample substrates, e.g. pusher blade
   S01N35/00C1C: . . . for loading/unloading a carousel
   S01N35/00C1V: . . . vacuum chucks
   S01N35/00C2: . . whereby the sample substrate is of the bio-disk type, i.e. having the format of an optical disk
   S01N35/00C3: . . Evaporation covers for slides
   S01N35/00C5: . . Magazines
   S01N35/00C7: . . Characterised by type of test elements
   S01N35/00C7A: . . . Test strips, e.g. paper
   S01N35/00C7A1: . . . . for multiple tests
   S01N35/00C7A3: . . . . with pressing or squeezing devices
   S01N35/00C7B: . . . Slides
   S01N35/00C7C: . . . Test cards, e.g. Biomerieux or McDonnel multiwell test cards
   S01N35/00C7D: . . . Elements containing microarrays, i.e. "biochip"
   S01N35/00C9: . . Manufacturing or preparing test elements
   S01N35/00D: Special arrangements of analysers
   S01N35/00D1: . . the analyte being in the solid state
   S01N35/00D1A: . . . Dissolution analysers
   S01N35/00D3: . . Handling bulk quantities of analyte
   S01N35/00D3A: . . . involving measurement of weight
   S01N35/00D3B: . . . Monitoring a process (online)
   S01N35/00D5: . . Handling micro-quantities of analyte, e.g. micro-valves, capillary networks
   S01N35/00D5V: . . . Microvalves
   S01N35/00D5V1: . . . . Capillary stop flow circuits
   S01N35/00D5V2: . . . . Meltable plugs
   S01N35/00D6: . . Dealing with anomalous sample quantities (e.g. neonatal blood)
   S01N35/00D7: . . Special precautions to avoid contamination (e.g. enclosures, glove- boxes, sealed sample carriers, disposal of contaminated material)
   S01N35/00D7A: . . . movable lid/cover for sample or reaction tubes
   S01N35/00D7B: . . . preventing evaporation
   S01N35/00D7C: . . . Antistatic arrangements
   S01N35/00D8: . . Housings, cabinets, control panels (details)
   S01N35/00D8C: . . . Detecting door closure
   S01N35/00D9: . . Analysers with modular structure
   S01N35/00D9A: . . . Analysers adapted for operation in microgravity, i.e. spaceflight
   S01N35/00D9C: . . . Using redundant elements to provide continuity of service in case of failures
   S01N35/00E: Heating or cooling arrangements
   S01N35/00E1: . . Holding samples at elevated temperature (incubation)
   S01N35/00E1A: . . . Several different temperatures used
   S01N35/00E1C: . . . Conductive heating, e.g. heated plates
   S01N35/00E1F: . . . using fluid heat transfer medium
   S01N35/00E1F1: . . . . where the fluid is a liquid
   S01N35/00E1M: . . . Microwaves
   S01N35/00E1R: . . . Other radiation
   S01N35/00E2: . . Heating or cooling means associated with pipettes or the like, e.g. for supplying sample/reagent at given temperature
   S01N35/00E3: . . Refrigerated reagent storage
   S01N35/00E4: . . Other cooling arrangements
   S01N35/00E5: . . Controlling humidity in analyser
   S01N35/00F: Separating and mixing arrangements
   S01N35/00F1: . . Filters
   S01N35/00F1A: . . . combined with sample carriers
   S01N35/00F2: . . Centrifuges
   S01N35/00F2A: . . . combined with carousels
   S01N35/00F2B: . . . centrifuging by spinning individual sample containers or pipette tips about their axes
   S01N35/00F3: . . Stationary mixing elements
   S01N35/00F4: . . Mixing by agitating sample carrier
   S01N35/00F5: . . Mixing by a special element, e.g. stirrer
   S01N35/00F5B: . . . using fluid flow
   S01N35/00F5C: . . . using ultrasound
   S01N35/00F6: . . Handling or washing solid phase elements, e.g. beads
   S01N35/00F6M: . . . Means for distributing beads
   S01N35/00G: Control arrangements for automatic analysers [N0801
   S01N35/00G1: . . Quality control, including calibration or testing of components of the analyser
   S01N35/00G1B: . . . Checking for anomalous results
   S01N35/00G1C: . . . Reinspection of samples
   S01N35/00G1D: . . . Quality control
   S01N35/00G1D1: . . . . of instruments
   S01N35/00G1D1A: . . . . . logging process history of individual samples
   S01N35/00G1D1B: . . . . . detecting malfunctions in conveying systems
   S01N35/00G1D1C: . . . . . statistical methods comparing labs or apparatuses
   S01N35/00G1D3: . . . . of consumables, e.g. lifetime
   S01N35/00G1D3A: . . . . . of reagents
   S01N35/00G1D3B: . . . . . of detectors
   S01N35/00G1E: . . . Calibration
   S01N35/00G1E1: . . . . Curve-fitting; Parameter matching; Calibration constants
   S01N35/00G1K: . . . Automatic status testing, e.g. at start-up or periodic
   S01N35/00G3: . . Communications; Identification
   S01N35/00G3C: . . . Identification of carriers, materials or components in automatic analysers
   S01N35/00G3C1: . . . . Type of codes
   S01N35/00G3C1A: . . . . . bar codes
   S01N35/00G3C1M: . . . . . magnetic code
   S01N35/00G3C1P: . . . . . mechanical or optical code other than bar code
   S01N35/00G3C1R: . . . . . RFID codes
   S01N35/00G3C1V: . . . . . reprogrammmable code
   S01N35/00G3C2: . . . . Type of components bearing the codes, other than sample carriers
   S01N35/00G3C2A: . . . . . Holders for sample carriers, e.g. trays, caroussel, racks
   S01N35/00G3C2B: . . . . . consumable or exchangeable components other than sample carriers, e.g. detectors, flow cells
   S01N35/00G3C2M: . . . . . coded micro or nano particles
   S01N35/00G3C3: . . . . nature of coded information
   S01N35/00G3C3A: . . . . . identification of the sample, e.g. patient identity, place of sampling
   S01N35/00G3C3B: . . . . . results of the analyses
   S01N35/00G3C3C: . . . . . process control parameters
   S01N35/00G3C4: . . . . printing and sticking of identifiers
   S01N35/00G3C99: . . . . dummy sample containers
   S01N35/00G3L: . . . Communications between instruments or with remote terminals
   S01N35/00G3L1: . . . . network configurations
   S01N35/00G3P: . . . Displaying information to the operator
   S01N35/00G3P1: . . . . alarms, e.g. audible
   S01N35/00G3P3: . . . . GUI (graphical user interfaces)
   S01N35/00G5: . . scheduling
   S01N35/00G5A: . . . random access not determined by physical position
   S01N35/00G5B: . . . optimisation; experiment design
   S01N35/00G5C: . . . STATS; urgent samples with priority
   S01N35/00G5F: . . . introducing urgent samples with priority, e.g. Short Turn Around Time Samples [STATS]
   S01N35/00G5R: . . . post analysis management of samples, e.g. marking, removing, storing
   S01N35/00G9: . . monitoring reactions as a function of time
   S01N35/00M: involving analyte bound to insoluble magnetic carrier, e.g. using magnetic separation
   S01N35/00R: Comprising robots or similar manipulators
   S01N35/00R2: . . with means for changing between tools (grippers, fluid dispensers, stirrers, etc.)
   S01N35/10B3: . . . Arrangements for keeping the tip clean in use, e.g. air-curtains, u-v lamps, special tip constructions
   S01N35/10C1B: . . . . Arrangements for emptying completely containers
   S01N35/10C3C: . . . . using a pressure transmission incompressible fluid in the suction line
   S01N35/10C3D: . . . . By modifying properties of the fluid, e.g. adding surfactant
   S01N35/10F2: . . . fluid transfer devices with interchangeable portions other than disposable tips
   S01N35/10F4T: . . . . optical tweezers
   S01N35/10T3: . . . Other movements, e.g. tilting of pipette
   S01N35/02: using a plurality of sample containers moved by a conveyer system past one or more treatment or analysis stations
   S01N35/02B: . . having a flexible chain ("cartridge belt") conveyer for reaction cells or cuvettes
   S01N35/02B1: . . . forming cuvettes e.g. from plastic strip
   S01N35/02C: . . having a carousel or turntable for reaction cells or cuvettes
   S01N35/02E: . . having blocks or racks of reaction cells or cuvettes
   S01N35/02P: . . having reaction cells in the form of micro-titration plates
   S01N35/04: . . Details of the conveyer system
   S01N35/04A: . . . Sample carriers, cuvettes or reaction vessels
   S01N35/04A1: . . . . Sample carriers with closing or sealing means
   S01N35/04A1B: . . . . . manipulating closing or opening means, e.g. stoppers, screw caps, lids or covers
   S01N35/04A2: . . . . Individual bottles or tubes
   S01N35/04A2A: . . . . . connected in a flexible chain
   S01N35/04A2B: . . . . . lifting items out of a rack for access
   S01N35/04A2C: . . . . . Pucks (ie individual holders for tubes)
   S01N35/04A3: . . . . Block or rack elements with a single row of samples
   S01N35/04A3A: . . . . . moving in one dimension
   S01N35/04A3B: . . . . . moving in two dimensions in a horizontal plane
   S01N35/04A3C: . . . . . forming an endless chain in a vertical plane
   S01N35/04A4: . . . . Plate elements with several rows of samples
   S01N35/04A4A: . . . . . moved independently, e.g. by fork manipulator
   S01N35/04A4B: . . . . . carried on a linear conveyer
   S01N35/04A4B2: . . . . . . Two or more linear conveyers
   S01N35/04A4C: . . . . . Stacks, magazines or elevators for plates
   S01N35/04A5: . . . . nestable or stockable
   S01N35/04A6: . . . . Sample carriers adapted for special purposes
   S01N35/04A6A: . . . . . characterised by material of construction
   S01N35/04A6B: . . . . . integrated with measuring devices
   S01N35/04A6C: . . . . . in the form of a syringe or pipette tip
   S01N35/04A6D: . . . . . with pre-packaged reagents, i.e. test-packs
   S01N35/04A6E: . . . . . integrated with holders for dedicated pipette tips
   S01N35/04A8: . . . . Cleaning cuvettes or reaction vessels
   S01N35/04B: . . . Rotary sample carriers, i.e. carousels
   S01N35/04B1: . . . . for samples
   S01N35/04B2: . . . . for reagents
   S01N35/04B3: . . . . for cuvettes or reaction vessels
   S01N35/04B4: . . . . Combinations of the above
   S01N35/04B4A: . . . . . composed of interchangeable ring elements
   S01N35/04B4B: . . . . . using centrifugal transport of liquid
   S01N35/04B6: . . . . composed of interchangeable sectors
   S01N35/04B7: . . . . Multiple carousels working in parallel
   S01N35/04B7A: . . . . . Coaxial carousels
   S01N35/04B8: . . . . Spiral tracks
   S01N35/04B9: . . . . Multiple concentric rows of wells
   S01N35/04C: . . . General conveyer features
   S01N35/04C1: . . . . Buffers (FIFO) or stacks (LIFO) for holding carriers between operations
   S01N35/04C1B: . . . . . in incubators
   S01N35/04C2: . . . . Loading or unloading the conveyer
   S01N35/04C2B: . . . . . Arrangments for orienting containers correctly
   S01N35/04C3: . . . . Switching points ("aiguillages")
   S01N35/04C3A: . . . . . converging, e.g. selecting carriers from multiple incoming streams
   S01N35/04C3B: . . . . . diverging, e.g. sending carriers to different analysers
   S01N35/04C3C: . . . . . for selective recirculation of carriers
   S01N35/04D: . . . Details of actuating means for conveyers or pipettes
   S01N35/04D1: . . . . electric, e.g. stepper motor, solenoid
   S01N35/04D2: . . . . Magnetic
   S01N35/04D3: . . . . hydraulic or pneumatic
   S01N35/04D3A: . . . . . Pneumatic tube conveyors; Tube mails; "Rohrpost"
   S01N35/04D5: . . . . Transmission
   S01N35/04D5B: . . . . . Belt or chain
   S01N35/04D5G: . . . . . Gearing, cams
   S01N35/04D5H: . . . . . Helix or lead screw
   S01N35/04D7: . . . . Self-propelled units
   S01N35/04D9: . . . . Position sensing, encoding; closed-loop control
   S01N35/04D9B: . . . . . Locating samples; identifying different tube sizes
   S01N35/04D9C: . . . . . Detecting or compensating piositioning errors
   S01N35/04R: . . . Repository systems for long-term archiving of samples
   S01N35/04Z: . . . Other details
   S01N35/04Z1: . . . . Drawers used as storage or dispensing means for vessels or cuvettes
   S01N35/08: using a stream of discrete samples flowing along a tube system, also for a succession of samples injected into a stream of carrier fluid, e.g. Flow Injection Analysis
   S01N35/08F: . . Flow Injection Analysis
   S01N35/08F2: . . . with electrostatic fluid transport (electroinjection, electroosmosis)
   S01N35/10: Liquid transferring devices
   S01N35/10A: . . Reagent dispensers
   S01N35/10B: . . Cleaning sample transfer devices
   S01N35/10B1: . . . Rinsing only the inside of the tip
   S01N35/10C: . . Arrangements for controlling the aspiration or dispensing of liquids
   S01N35/10C1: . . . Control of the position or alignment of the transfer device
   S01N35/10C1A: . . . . Confirming presence of tip
   S01N35/10C3: . . . Control of the volume dispensed or introduced
   S01N35/10C3A: . . . . Detecting inhomogeneities, e.g. foam, bubbles, clots
   S01N35/10C3B: . . . . Preventing or detecting loss of fluid by dripping
   S01N35/10C3B1: . . . . . using a valve in the tip or nozzle
   S01N35/10C5: . . . Fluid level sensing
   S01N35/10F: . . General features of the devices
   S01N35/10F1: . . . using disposable tips
   S01N35/10F3: . . . Dilution or aliquotting
   S01N35/10F4: . . . Transferring microquantities of liquid
   S01N35/10F4A: . . . . Using surface tension, e.g. pins or wires
   S01N35/10F4B: . . . . Micro-pipettes, e.g. microcapillary tubes
   S01N35/10F4C: . . . . Ink-jet like dispensers
   S01N35/10F4D: . . . . Using pneumatic means
   S01N35/10F4E: . . . . Levitated, suspended drops
   S01N35/10F5: . . . using the transfer device for another function
   S01N35/10F5A: . . . . for transporting containers, e.g. retained by friction
   S01N35/10F5B: . . . . for separating part of the liquid, e.g. filters, extraction phase
   S01N35/10F5C: . . . . for immobilising reagents, e.g. dried reagents
   S01N35/10F5D: . . . . for mixing
   S01N35/10F5D1: . . . . . by sucking and blowing
   S01N35/10F5E: . . . . for testing the liquid while it is in the transfer device
   S01N35/10M: . . Multiple transfer devices
   S01N35/10M1: . . . permitting transfer to or from containers having different spacing
   S01N35/10M1A: . . . . by adjusting the spacing between multiple probes of a single transferring head
   S01N35/10M3: . . . with provision for selective pipetting of individual channels
   S01N35/10M5: . . . arranged in a two-dimensional array
   S01N35/10M7: . . . plurality or independently movable heads
   S01N35/10P: . . with means for piercing stoppers or septums
   S01N35/10T: . . Means for relatively moving the transfer device and the containers in an horizontal plane
   S01N35/10T1: . . . with one horizontal degree of freedom
   S01N35/10T1A: . . . . Cylindrical, e.g. variable angle
   S01N35/10T1A1: . . . . . Coaxial with a carousel
   S01N35/10T2: . . . with two horizontal degrees of freedom, e.g. cartesian robot
   S01N35/10T2A: . . . . Cylindrical, e.g. variable radius and angle
   S01N35/10V: . . for supplying the samples to flow-through analysers
   S01N35/10V1: . . . characterised by the valves
   S01N37/00: Details not covered by any preceding group
   S01N37/00A: Measurement methods not based on established scientific theories
   S01N37/00B: Devices for handling or supporting test elements not associated with automatic analysers
   S01N37/00B1: . . Housings for individual test elements
   S01N37/00B1B: . . . for elongated flow-through test elements
   S01N37/00B1C: . . . associated with sample collecting containers, e.g. for "on-site" drug testing
   S01N37/00B3: . . Holders or dispensers for multiple test elements
   S01N37/00R: Reviews; Documents providing a comprehensive overview
   S01N100/00: Not Currently Available
   S01N100/40: . . temporary new 1/40 codes
   S01N100/40A: . . . Transferring a selected component through a membrane
   S01N100/40A2: . . . . ion exchange membrane
   S01N100/40A3: . . . . selective membrane;dialysis;osmosis
   S01N100/40B: . . . using thermal techniques; phase changes
   S01N100/40B1: . . . . evaporation leaving a concentrated sample
   S01N100/40B3: . . . . sample concentration on a cold spot; condensation; distillation
   S01N100/40C: . . . using electric techniques such as electromigration, electrophoresis or ionisation
   S01N100/40G: . . . using chemical techniques such as digestion or chemical decomposition
   S01N100/40P: . . . using adsorption or absorption; solid phase extraction, solid phase microextraction
   S01N100/40S: . . . using solubility techniques
   S01N100/40S1: . . . . solvent extraction
   S01N100/40S3: . . . . difference of solubility between liquid and gas (bubbling,sparging,scrubbing)
   S01N100/40S5: . . . . membraneless transfer between two parallel laminar flows of liquid
   S01N100/40V: . . . other techniques involving separation of suspended solids
   S01N100/40V1: . . . . sedimentation leaving a concentrated deposit
   S01N100/40V3: . . . . filtration leaving a concentrated deposit
   S01N100/40V5: . . . . using ultrasound
   S01N201/00: Features of devices classified in G01N21/00
   S01N201/02: Mechanical
   S01N201/021: . . Special mounting in general
   S01N201/021C: . . . Liquid borne; swimming apparatus
   S01N201/021D: . . . Airborne
   S01N201/021F: . . . Vehicle borne
   S01N201/021G: . . . Submersible, submarine
   S01N201/022: . . Casings
   S01N201/022B: . . . Portable; cableless; compact; hand-held
   S01N201/022C: . . . Pocket size
   S01N201/022D: . . . Pivoting casing
   S01N201/022K: . . . Part of casing being slidable, telescopic
   S01N201/022L: . . . Sealable enclosure
   S01N201/022M: . . . Moulded parts
   S01N201/023: . . Controlling conditions in casing
   S01N201/023B: . . . Thermostating
   S01N201/023F: . . . Gas purge
   S01N201/023F2: . . . . with gas filters in casing
   S01N201/023G: . . . Explosion proof
   S01N201/023H: . . . Moisture monitoring or controlling
   S01N201/024: . . Modular construction
   S01N201/024B: . . . with insertable-removable part
   S01N201/025: . . Mechanical control of operations
   S01N201/025B: . . . Switches mounted at the casing
   S01N201/025C: . . . Sensor for insertion of sample, cuvette, test strip
   S01N201/04: Batch operation; multisample devices
   S01N201/04A: . . with multiple optical units, e.g. one per sample
   S01N201/04B: . . Carrusel, sequential
   S01N201/04B2: . . . with rotating optics
   S01N201/04B2F: . . . . optics constituted by optical fibre multiplex selector
   S01N201/04C: . . Linear motion, sequential
   S01N201/04D: . . Multicell plate, sequential
   S01N201/04E: . . Multicell sequential and multitest, e.g. multiwavelength
   S01N201/04F: . . Simultaneous, e.g. video imaging
   S01N201/04G: . . One cell, sequential, e.g. successive samples
   S01N201/04H: . . Keyboard controlled, e.g. for plural analysis at one sample, channel selection, coding
   S01N201/04K: . . Computer controlled
   S01N201/04M: . . Automatised microscope
   S01N201/06: Illumination; Optics
   S01N201/061: . . Sources
   S01N201/061A: . . . Plural sources used for calibration
   S01N201/061C: . . . Coherent sources; lasers
   S01N201/061C2: . . . . Laser diodes
   S01N201/061D: . . . Large diffuse sources
   S01N201/061D2: . . . . Light tables
   S01N201/061D3: . . . . Diffusing light tube with sample within
   S01N201/061F: . . . Multisources for homogeneisation, as well sequential as simultaneous operation
   S01N201/061F2: . . . . the sources being LED`s
   S01N201/061G: . . . Ambient light is used
   S01N201/061K: . . . Line selective sources
   S01N201/061K2: . . . . IR sources from heated molecular species
   S01N201/061K3: . . . . Halogene sources
   S01N201/061L: . . . Resistance heated; wire sources; lamelle sources
   S01N201/061S: . . . Secundary sources, e.g. fluorescent particles
   S01N201/062: . . LED`s
   S01N201/062B: . . . Supply
   S01N201/062C: . . . Use of a compensation LED
   S01N201/062D: . . . Use of a reference LED
   S01N201/062F: . . . Compensating variation in output of LED source
   S01N201/062G: . . . Modulated LED
   S01N201/062H: . . . Use of several LED`s for spatial resolution
   S01N201/062K: . . . Use of several LED`s for spectral resolution
   S01N201/062L: . . . Organic LED (OLED)
   S01N201/063: . . Illuminating optical parts
   S01N201/063B: . . . Homogeneising elements
   S01N201/063B2: . . . . homogeneising by integrating sphere
   S01N201/063C: . . . Directed, collimated illumination
   S01N201/063D: . . . Diffuse illumination
   S01N201/063G: . . . Structured illumination, e.g. with grating
   S01N201/063H: . . . Reflectors
   S01N201/063H2: . . . . Elliptic
   S01N201/063K: . . . Refractive parts
   S01N201/063K2: . . . . Sphere lens
   S01N201/064: . . Stray light conditioning
   S01N201/064B: . . . Light traps; baffles
   S01N201/064B2: . . . . Simple baffled tube construction
   S01N201/064C: . . . Light seals
   S01N201/064F: . . . Shutters
   S01N201/065: . . Integrating spheres
   S01N201/065B: . . . Hemispheres
   S01N201/066: . . Modifiable path; multiple paths in one sample
   S01N201/066B: . . . Comparing measurements on two or more paths in one sample
   S01N201/066C: . . . Using two ways, i.e. two devices in same path in one sample
   S01N201/066D: . . . Selectable paths; insertable multiple sources
   S01N201/066M: . . . Multiple paths; optimisable path length
   S01N201/067: . . Electro-optic, magneto-optic, acousto-optic elements
   S01N201/067L: . . . SLM
   S01N201/068: . . Optics, miscellaneous
   S01N201/068B: . . . Brewster plate; polarisation controlling elements
   S01N201/068C: . . . Cold filter; IR filter
   S01N201/069: . . Supply of sources
   S01N201/069B: . . . Modulated (not pulsed supply)
   S01N201/069C: . . . Regulated sources; stabilised supply
   S01N201/069D: . . . Battery powered circuitry
   S01N201/069F: . . . Microprocessor controlled supply
   S01N201/069G: . . . Supply to maintain constant beam intensity
   S01N201/069P: . . . Pulsed
   S01N201/069P2: . . . . Pulsed lasers
   S01N201/069P3: . . . . Using reference pulsed source
   S01N201/069P4: . . . . Randomly pulsed source
   S01N201/08: Optical fibres; light guides
   S01N201/08B: . . Light rod
   S01N201/08C: . . Arrangement of collimator tubes, glass or empty
   S01N201/08D: . . Fibres for a reference path
   S01N201/08F: . . Fibre array at source, distributing
   S01N201/08G: . . Fibre array at detector, resolving
   S01N201/08H: . . Fibres for remote transmission
   S01N201/08J: . . Fibre interface with sample, e.g. for spatial resolution
   S01N201/08K: . . Movable fibre optical member, e.g. for scanning or selecting
   S01N201/08L: . . Modular construction, e.g. disconnectable fibre parts
   S01N201/08N: . . Use of GRIN elements
   S01N201/08P: . . Using optically integrated constructions
   S01N201/08S: . . Using a sensor fibre
   S01N201/08S2: . . . and using OTDR
   S01N201/08T: . . Using fibres for resolution in time
   S01N201/10: Scanning
   S01N201/101: . . Scanning measuring head
   S01N201/102: . . Video camera
   S01N201/103: . . Scanning by mechanical motion of stage
   S01N201/103B: . . . 3D motion
   S01N201/104: . . Mechano-optical scan, i.e. object and beam moving
   S01N201/104B: . . . X, Y scan, i.e. object moving in X, beam in Y
   S01N201/104C: . . . Spiral scan
   S01N201/104D: . . . with rotating optics and moving stage
   S01N201/105: . . Purely optical scan
   S01N201/105B: . . . System of scan mirrors for composite motion of beam
   S01N201/105C: . . . Prism scan, diasporameter
   S01N201/106: . . Acousto-optical scan
   S01N201/107: . . CRT flying spot scan
   S01N201/108: . . Miscellaneous
   S01N201/108B: . . . Descanning
   S01N201/108D: . . . Using optical fibre array and scanner
   S01N201/108F: . . . Focussed scan beam, e.g. laser
   S01N201/110: . . Monitoring and controlling the scan
   S01N201/110B: . . . Grating pulse time encoder
   S01N201/110D: . . . Optical equalisation of scan intensity
   S01N201/110F: . . . Indexed, memorised or programmed scan
   S01N201/12: Circuits of general importance; Signal processing
   S01N201/121: . . Correction signals
   S01N201/121B: . . . for temperature
   S01N201/121B2: . . . . and switch-off from upwarming
   S01N201/121C: . . . for humidity
   S01N201/121D: . . . for interfering gases
   S01N201/121F: . . . for index of solution, carrying fluids
   S01N201/121G: . . . for pressure variations
   S01N201/122: . . Kinetic analysis; determining reaction rate
   S01N201/122B: . . . Endpoint determination; reaction time determination
   S01N201/122C: . . . Polymerisation
   S01N201/122D: . . . Relaxation methods, e.g. temperature jump, field jump
   S01N201/122F: . . . Reading time being controlled, e.g. by microprocessor
   S01N201/123: . . Conversion circuit
   S01N201/123B: . . . Log representation, e.g. for low transmittance
   S01N201/123C: . . . Measuring or displaying selectably absorbance or density
   S01N201/123D: . . . Measuring extrema
   S01N201/124: . . Sensitivity
   S01N201/124B: . . . Multirange
   S01N201/124C: . . . Validating, e.g. range invalidation, suspending operation
   S01N201/124D: . . . Ambient light detector, e.g. for invalidating
   S01N201/124F: . . . Averaging several measurements
   S01N201/124G: . . . Thresholding
   S01N201/124H: . . . Validating from signal shape, slope, peak
   S01N201/125: . . Digital circuitry
   S01N201/126: . . Microprocessor processing
   S01N201/126B: . . . Microprocessor is used as variant to separate part circuits
   S01N201/126C: . . . Interface card
   S01N201/127: . . Calibration; base line adjustment; drift compensation
   S01N201/127B: . . . Pre-test of apparatus, e.g. dark test, sensor test
   S01N201/127C: . . . Zero adjustment, i.e. to verify calibration
   S01N201/127D: . . . Self check capacity; automatic, periodic step of checking
   S01N201/127F: . . . Check triggered by sensing conditions, e.g. ambient changes
   S01N201/127G: . . . Selectively initiating check
   S01N201/127H: . . . Calibration values determination
   S01N201/127H2: . . . . and storage
   S01N201/127H3: . . . . Precalibration, e.g. for a given series of reagents
   S01N201/127H4: . . . . and adjusting controls, e.g. zero and 100 %
   S01N201/127H5: . . . . Automatic scaling up
   S01N201/127H6: . . . . Base line obtained from computation, histogram
   S01N201/127K: . . . Compensating own radiation in apparatus
   S01N201/128: . . Alternating sample and standard or reference part in one path
   S01N201/128C: . . . Reflecting part, i.e. for autocollimation
   S01N201/128D: . . . Opaque part
   S01N201/128F: . . . Standard cuvette
   S01N201/128F2: . . . . More than one cuvette
   S01N201/128G: . . . Calibration medium periodically inserted in one cell
   S01N201/129: . . Using chemometrical methods
   S01N201/129M: . . . resolving multicomponent spectra
   S01N201/129N: . . . using neural networks
   S01N201/130: . . Standards, constitution
   S01N203/00: Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
   S01N203/00A: Type of application of the stress
   S01N203/00A1: . . Steady
   S01N203/00A2: . . Repeated or cyclic
   S01N203/00A2A: . . . Low frequencies up to 100 Hz
   S01N203/00A2B: . . . High frequencies from 10 000 Hz
   S01N203/00A3: . . Impulsive
   S01N203/00A5: . . Constant speed test
   S01N203/00F: Type of force applied
   S01N203/00F1: . . Tensile or compressive
   S01N203/00F1A: . . . Tensile
   S01N203/00F1B: . . . Compressive
   S01N203/00F2: . . Torsional
   S01N203/00F3: . . Bending
   S01N203/00F4: . . Shearing
   S01N203/00F5: . . Combination of several types of applied forces
   S01N203/00F5A: . . . Rotation and bending
   S01N203/00G: Generation of the force
   S01N203/00G1: . . using mechanical means
   S01N203/00G1A: . . . Weight
   S01N203/00G1B: . . . Spring
   S01N203/00G1C: . . . involving a rotating movement e.g. gearing, cam, eccentric, or centrifuge effects
   S01N203/00G1H: . . . Hammer or pendulum
   S01N203/00G1M: . . . Human or animal power
   S01N203/00G2: . . Pneumatic or hydraulic means
   S01N203/00G2A: . . . Pneumatic means
   S01N203/00G2A1: . . . . Vacuum
   S01N203/00G2B: . . . Hydraulic means
   S01N203/00G3: . . Electromagnetic means
   S01N203/00G3B: . . . Piezoelectric means
   S01N203/00G5: . . Cutting or drilling tools
   S01N203/00G6: . . using mechanical waves, e.g. acoustic
   S01N203/00G7: . . using stresses due to heating e.g. conductive heating, radiative heating
   S01N203/00P: Kind of property studied
   S01N203/00P1: . . Crack, flaws, fracture or rupture
   S01N203/00P1C: . . . Crack or flaws
   S01N203/00P1C1: . . . . Initiation of crack
   S01N203/00P1C2: . . . . Propagation of crack
   S01N203/00P1F: . . . Fracture or rupture
   S01N203/00P2: . . Fatigue, creep, strain-stress relations or elastic constants
   S01N203/00P2C: . . . Creep
   S01N203/00P2F: . . . Fatigue
   S01N203/00P2S: . . . Strain-stress relations or elastic constants
   S01N203/00P4: . . Hardness, compressibility or resistance to crushing
   S01N203/00P4A: . . . using indentation
   S01N203/00P4A1: . . . . Residual indentation measurement
   S01N203/00P4A2: . . . . Indentation characteristics measured during load
   S01N203/00P4B: . . . Rebound strike or reflected energy
   S01N203/00P4C: . . . Compressibility
   S01N203/00P4D: . . . Resistance to crushing
   S01N203/00P6: . . Biorheological properties
   S01N203/00P7: . . Peeling or tearing
   S01N203/00P8: . . Visco-elasticity, solidification, curing, cross-linking degree, vulcanisation or strength properties of semi-solid materials
   S01N203/00P8V: . . . Visco-elasticity
   S01N203/00P9: . . Fibre-matrix interaction in composites
   S01N203/00X: Tests specified by its name e.g. Charpy, Brinnel, Mullen
   S01N203/02: Details not specific for a particular testing method
   S01N203/02C: . . Control of the test
   S01N203/02C1: . . . Safety arrangements e.g. remote control, emergency stop
   S01N203/02C2: . . . Means for supplying or positioning specimens or exchangeable parts of the machine such as indenters...
   S01N203/02C3: . . . Specific programs of loading e.g. incremental loading or pre-loading
   S01N203/02C4: . . . Treatment of the signal; Calibration
   S01N203/02C9: . . . Theories, calculations
   S01N203/02C9A: . . . . Calculations a priori without experimental data
   S01N203/02C9F: . . . . Finite elements
   S01N203/02C9S: . . . . Calculations based on experimental data
   S01N203/02E: . . Environment of the test
   S01N203/02E1: . . . Temperature
   S01N203/02E1C: . . . . Thermal cycling
   S01N203/02E1H: . . . . High temperature; Heating means
   S01N203/02E1L: . . . . Low temperature; Cooling means
   S01N203/02E2: . . . Pressure
   S01N203/02E2H: . . . . High pressure
   S01N203/02E2L: . . . . Low pressure; Vacuum
   S01N203/02E3: . . . Other environments
   S01N203/02E3A: . . . . Inert
   S01N203/02E3C: . . . . Corrosive
   S01N203/02E3F: . . . . With circulation of a fluid
   S01N203/02E4: . . . Tests performed "in situ" or after "in situ" use
   S01N203/02E4S: . . . . Special simulation of "in situ" conditions, scale models or dummies
   S01N203/02E5: . . . Tests "on-line" during fabrication
   S01N203/02G: . . Geometry of the test
   S01N203/02G1: . . . Monoaxial, i.e. the forces being applied along a single axis of the specimen
   S01N203/02G2: . . . Biaxial, the forces being applied along two normal axes of the specimen
   S01N203/02G3: . . . Triaxial, i.e. the forces being applied along three normal axes of the specimen
   S01N203/02G4: . . . Non axial, i.e. the forces not being applied along an axis of symmetry of the specimen
   S01N203/02S: . . Specifications of the specimen
   S01N203/02S1: . . . Shape of the specimen
   S01N203/02S1B: . . . . Beam
   S01N203/02S1C: . . . . Cylindrical specimens
   S01N203/02S1D: . . . . Dumb-bell specimens
   S01N203/02S1H: . . . . Specimens with holes or notches
   S01N203/02S1K: . . . . Cruciform specimens
   S01N203/02S1R: . . . . Tubular or ring-shaped specimens
   S01N203/02S1S: . . . . Spherical specimens
   S01N203/02S1T: . . . . Thin specimens
   S01N203/02S1T1: . . . . . One dimensional, e.g. filaments, wires, ropes or cables
   S01N203/02S1T2: . . . . . Two dimensional, e.g. tapes, webs, sheets, strips, disks or membranes
   S01N203/02S2: . . . Bulk material, e.g. powders
   S01N203/02S3: . . . Miniature specimen; Testing on micro-regions of a specimen
   S01N203/02S4: . . . Springs
   S01N203/02S4A: . . . . Leaf spring
   S01N203/02S4B: . . . . Coil spring
   S01N203/02S4C: . . . . Airs-spring, air bag spring or bellows
   S01N203/02S5: . . . Welds
   S01N203/02S8: . . . Manufacturing or preparing specimens
   S01N203/04: . . Chucks, fixtures, jaws, holders or anvils
   S01N203/04A: . . . Features allowing alignment between specimen and chucks
   S01N203/04B: . . . using pneumatic or hydraulic pressure
   S01N203/04C: . . . using vacuum
   S01N203/04D: . . . using screws
   S01N203/04E: . . . using adhesive bond; Gluing
   S01N203/04F: . . . modifying the type of the force applied e.g. the chuck transforms a compressive machine for applying a bending test
   S01N203/04H: . . . with dampers or shock absorbing means
   S01N203/04K: . . . Holders for quick insertion/removal of test pieces
   S01N203/04L: . . . Cushioning layer between test piece and grip
   S01N203/04M: . . . characterised by their material
   S01N203/04R: . . . with provisions for testing more than one specimen at the time
   S01N203/04R1: . . . . in series
   S01N203/04R2: . . . . in parallel
   S01N203/04V: . . . comprising sensing means
   S01N203/04X: . . . . Diamond anvil cells
   S01N203/04Z: . . . . Clamping ring, "whole periphery" clamping
   S01N203/06: . . Indicating or recording means; Sensing means
   S01N203/06B: . . . Mechanical indicating, recording or sensing means
   S01N203/06C: . . . Hydraulic or pneumatic indicating, recording or sensing means
   S01N203/06D: . . . Electrical or magnetic indicating, recording or sensing means
   S01N203/06D1: . . . . using piezo-electric gauges
   S01N203/06D2: . . . . using thin films, paintings
   S01N203/06D3: . . . . using magnetic properties
   S01N203/06E: . . . using optical, X-ray, ultra-violet, infrared or similar detectors
   S01N203/06E1: . . . . Image analysis
   S01N203/06E2: . . . . using contrasting ink, painting, staining
   S01N203/06F: . . . using acoustic or ultrasonic detectors
   S01N203/06L: . . . using witness specimens
   S01N203/06P: . . . Parameter measured for estimating the property
   S01N203/06P1: . . . . Force, weight, load, energy, speed or acceleration
   S01N203/06P2: . . . . Spatial dimension e.g. length, area, angle
   S01N203/06P4: . . . . Time or frequency
   S01N203/06P9: . . . . Temperature
   S01N223/00: Investigating materials by wave or particle radiation
   S01N223/01: by radioactivity, nuclear decay
   S01N223/03: by transmission
   S01N223/04: . . and measuring absorption
   S01N223/045: combination of at least 2 measurements (transmission and scatter)
   S01N223/04F: . . . X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS)
   S01N223/04G: . . . gamma ray resonance absorption (Mossbauer effect)
   S01N223/05: by diffraction, scatter or reflection
   S01N223/051: . . correcting for scatter
   S01N223/052: . . reflection
   S01N223/053: . . back scatter
   S01N223/054: . . small angle scatter
   S01N223/055: . . scatter raster collimator
   S01N223/056: . . diffraction
   S01N223/056C: . . . diffraction cameras
   S01N223/056E: . . . measure of energy-dispersion spectrum of diffracted radiation
   S01N223/056L: . . . diffraction of electrons, e.g. LEED
   S01N223/056P: . . . analysing diffraction pattern
   S01N223/056S: . . . spectro-diffractometry
   S01N223/063: . . inelastic scatter, e.g. Compton effect
   S01N223/064: . . interference of radiation, e.g. Borrmann effect
   S01N223/07: secondary emission
   S01N223/071: . . combination of measurements, at least 1 secondary emission
   S01N223/072: . . combination of measurements, 2 kinds of secondary emission
   S01N223/073: . . use of a laser
   S01N223/074: . . activation analysis
   S01N223/074N: . . . neutron-gamma activation analysis
   S01N223/076: . . X-ray fluorescence
   S01N223/076C: . . . Compton background correcting
   S01N223/076T: . . . X-ray fluorescence with indicator, tags
   S01N223/079: . . incident electron beam and measuring excited X-rays
   S01N223/08: . . incident electron beam and measuring cathode luminescence (U.V.)
   S01N223/081: . . incident ion beam, e.g. proton
   S01N223/081P: . . . incident ion beam and measuring X-rays (PIXE)
   S01N223/081S: . . . incident ion beam and measuring secondary ion beam (SIMS)
   S01N223/084: . . photo-electric effect
   S01N223/085: . . photo-electron spectrum (ESCA, XPS)
   S01N223/086: . . Auger electrons
   S01N223/09: . . exo-electron emission
   S01N223/095: . . tribo-emission
   S01N223/10: Different kinds of radiation or particles
   S01N223/101: . . electromagnetic radiation
   S01N223/101G: . . . gamma
   S01N223/101X: . . . X-ray
   S01N223/102: . . beta or electrons
   S01N223/104: . . ions
   S01N223/104A: . . . alpha
   S01N223/105: . . molecular or atomic beams
   S01N223/106: . . neutrons
   S01N223/106F: . . . fast
   S01N223/106T: . . . thermal
   S01N223/107: . . protons
   S01N223/108: . . positrons; electron-positron annihilation
   S01N223/10M: . . monochromatic
   S01N223/10R: . . different radiations, e.g. X and alpha
   S01N223/11: . . neutrino
   S01N223/20: Sources of radiation
   S01N223/201: . . betatron
   S01N223/202: . . isotopes
   S01N223/203: . . synchrotron
   S01N223/204: . . source created from radiated target
   S01N223/205: . . natural source
   S01N223/206: . . sources operating at different energy levels
   S01N223/30: Accessories, mechanical or electrical features
   S01N223/301: . . portable apparatus
   S01N223/302: . . comparative arrangements
   S01N223/303: . . calibrating, standardising
   S01N223/303C: . . . periodic calibration, e.g. with filter wheel
   S01N223/303P: . . . phantom
   S01N223/303S: . . . standards (constitution)
   S01N223/304: . . electric circuits, signal processing
   S01N223/305: . . computer simulations
   S01N223/306: . . computer control
   S01N223/307: . . cuvettes-sample holders
   S01N223/307C: . . . correcting for the properties of the container, e.g. empty
   S01N223/308: . . support of radiation source
   S01N223/309: . . support of sample holder
   S01N223/31: . . temperature control
   S01N223/311: . . high pressure testing, anvil cells
   S01N223/312: . . powder preparation
   S01N223/313: . . filters, rotating filter disc
   S01N223/314: . . chopper
   S01N223/315: . . monochromators
   S01N223/316: . . collimators
   S01N223/317: . . windows
   S01N223/318: . . protective films
   S01N223/319: . . using opaque penetrant medium
   S01N223/31C: . . . cooling, cryostats
   S01N223/31H: . . . heating, furnaces
   S01N223/32: . . adjustments of elements during operation
   S01N223/321: . . manipulator for positioning a part
   S01N223/322: . . immerged detecting head
   S01N223/323: . . irradiation range monitor, e.g. light beam
   S01N223/33: . . scanning, i.e. relative motion for measurement of successive object-parts
   S01N223/331: . . rocking curve analysis
   S01N223/335: . . electronic scanning
   S01N223/33C: . . . beam is modified for scan, e.g. moving collimator
   S01N223/33D: . . . object and detector fixed
   S01N223/33F: . . . object fixed; source and detector move
   S01N223/33H: . . . helicoidal scan
   S01N223/33M: . . . detector fixed; source and body moving
   S01N223/33R: . . . object rotates
   S01N223/33S: . . . source and detector fixed; object moves
   S01N223/33T: . . . object translates
   S01N223/34: . . sensing means for gap between source and detector
   S01N223/345: . . mathematical transformations on beams or signals, e.g. Fourier
   S01N223/348: . . ellipsoidal collector
   S01N223/351: . . prohibiting charge accumulation on sample substrate
   S01N223/40: Imaging
   S01N223/401: . . image processing
   S01N223/402: . . mapping distribution of elements
   S01N223/403: . . mapping with false colours
   S01N223/404: . . contrast medium
   S01N223/405: . . mapping of a material property
   S01N223/406: . . fluoroscopic image
   S01N223/407: . . stimulable phosphor sheet
   S01N223/408: . . display on monitor
   S01N223/409: . . embedding or impregnating the object
   S01N223/41: . . imaging specifically internal structure
   S01N223/411: . . tv imaging from fluorescent screen
   S01N223/412: . . use of image converter tube (PMT)
   S01N223/413: . . sensor array (CCD)
   S01N223/414: . . stereoscopic system
   S01N223/415: . . radiographic film
   S01N223/416: . . wrap around
   S01N223/417: . . recording with co-ordinate markings
   S01N223/418: . . electron microscope
   S01N223/419: . . computed tomograph
   S01N223/42: . . image digitised, -enhanced in an image processor
   S01N223/421: . . digitised image, analysed in real time (recognition algorithms)
   S01N223/422: . . windows within the image
   S01N223/423: . . multispectral imaging-multiple energy imaging
   S01N223/424: . . energy substraction image processing (dual energy processing)
   S01N223/425: . . temporal (time difference) substraction processing
   S01N223/426: . . image comparing, unknown with known substance
   S01N223/427: . . stepped imaging (selected area of sample is changed)
   S01N223/50: Detectors
   S01N223/501: . . array
   S01N223/501L: . . . linear array
   S01N223/502: . . ionisation chamber
   S01N223/503: . . auxiliary reference detector
   S01N223/504: . . pin-diode
   S01N223/505: . . scintillation
   S01N223/505P: . . . scintillation crystal coupled to PMT
   S01N223/506: . . time-of-flight
   S01N223/507: . . secondary-emission detector
   S01N223/508: . . photo-acoustic
   S01N223/509: . . infra-red
   S01N223/60: Specific applications or type of materials
   S01N223/601: . . density profile
   S01N223/602: . . crystal growth
   S01N223/603: . . superlattices
   S01N223/604: . . monocrystal
   S01N223/605: . . phases
   S01N223/606: . . texture
   S01N223/607: . . strain
   S01N223/608: . . supraconductors
   S01N223/61: . . thin films, coatings
   S01N223/611: . . patterned objects; electronic devices
   S01N223/611P: . . . printed circuit board (PCB)
   S01N223/611S: . . . semiconductor wafer
   S01N223/612: . . biological material
   S01N223/612B: . . . bone mineral
   S01N223/612T: . . . tissue
   S01N223/613: . . moisture
   S01N223/614: . . road surface
   S01N223/615: . . composite materials, multilayer laminates
   S01N223/616: . . earth materials
   S01N223/617: . . ash in coal
   S01N223/618: . . food
   S01N223/619: . . wood
   S01N223/62: . . powders
   S01N223/621: . . tobacco
   S01N223/622: . . paper
   S01N223/623: . . plastics
   S01N223/624: . . steel, castings
   S01N223/625: . . nuclear fuels, laser imploded targets
   S01N223/626: . . radioactive material
   S01N223/626T: . . . sample with radioactive tracer, tag, label
   S01N223/627: . . tyres
   S01N223/628: . . tubes, pipes
   S01N223/629: . . welds, bonds, sealing compounds
   S01N223/63: . . turbine blades
   S01N223/631: . . large structures, walls
   S01N223/632: . . residual life, life expectancy
   S01N223/633: . . thickness, density, surface weight (unit area)
   S01N223/634: . . wear behaviour, roughness
   S01N223/635: . . fluids, granulates
   S01N223/636: . . fluid sample with radioactive sources
   S01N223/637: . . liquid
   S01N223/638: . . gas
   S01N223/639: . . material in a container
   S01N223/64: . . multiple-sample chamber, multiplicity of materials
   S01N223/641: . . particle sizing
   S01N223/642: . . moving sheet, web
   S01N223/642F: . . . correcting for web flutter
   S01N223/643: . . object on conveyer
   S01N223/645: . . quality control
   S01N223/646: . . flaws, defects
   S01N223/646M: . . . microdefects
   S01N223/646R: . . . radioactive substance into defect site
   S01N223/646S: . . . flaws comparing to predetermined standards
   S01N223/646T: . . . at different temperatures
   S01N223/647: . . leak detection
   S01N223/648: . . voids
   S01N223/649: . . porosity
   S01N223/65: . . cavitation pits
   S01N223/651: . . dust
   S01N223/652: . . impurities, foreign matter, trace amounts
   S01N223/66: . . multiple steps inspection, e.g. coarse/fine
   S01N224/00: Aspects relating to investigating or analysing materials by the use of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), electronic paramagnetic or other spin effects
   S01N224/30: Type of magnetic resonance (MR) or quadrupole resonance
   S01N224/302: . . other than nuclear magnetic resonance
   S01N224/302A: . . . Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR)
   S01N224/302B: . . . Electron spin resonance (ESR); Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)
   S01N224/302B1: . . . . Ferromagnetic resonance (FMR)
   S01N224/302C: . . . Cyclotron resonance
   S01N224/304: . . Multimodal MR
   S01N224/304A: . . . MR combined with positron emission tomography (PET); MR combined with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)
   S01N224/304B: . . . MR conbined with radiotherapy
   S01N224/304C: . . . MR combined with X-ray; MR combined with computed tomography (CT)
   S01N224/304D: . . . MR combined with ultrasound
   S01N224/304E: . . . MR combined with electron spin resonance (ESR); MR combined with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR); MR combined with nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR)
   S01N224/304F: . . . MR combined with mass spectrometry
   S01N224/304G: . . . MR combined with chromatography or electrophoresis
   S01N224/304H: . . . MR combined with a scanning technique, e.g. MR combined with scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM)
   S01N224/304I: . . . MR combined with a stimulation technique, e.g. transcranial magnetostimulation (TMS)
   S01N224/304J: . . . MR combined with electrical impedance tomography (EIT)
   S01N224/304K: . . . MR combined with optical detection, e.g. optical microscopy; MR combined with Terahertz spectroscopy
   S01N224/304M: . . . MR combined with an ablation technique
   S01N224/32: MR active nuclei
   S01N224/322: . . other than 1H
   S01N224/322B: . . . 2H; 3H
   S01N224/322D: . . . Rare gasses, e.g. 3He; 129Xe
   S01N224/322F: . . . Isotopes of lithium, e.g. 7Li
   S01N224/322H: . . . Isotopes of carbon, e.g. 13C
   S01N224/322J: . . . Isotopes of nitrogen, e.g. 15N
   S01N224/322L: . . . Isotopes of oxygen, e.g. 170
   S01N224/322N: . . . Isotopes of fluorine, e.g. 19F
   S01N224/322P: . . . Isotopes of sodium, e.g. 23Na
   S01N224/322R: . . . Isotopes of phosphorus, e.g. 31P
   S01N224/322T: . . . Isotopes of ferromagnetic nuclei, e.g. 57Fe
   S01N224/324: . . MR involving multiple chemical species
   S01N224/34: Ex-vivo samples being object of the MR analysis
   S01N224/342: . . Geologic samples; earth formations; borehole measurements in earth formations; solids; porous solids
   S01N224/344: . . Agricultural samples or food
   S01N224/346: . . Potentially hazardous samples, e.g. toxic samples, explosives, drugs, firearms, weapons
   S01N224/348: . . Solids
   S01N224/348A: . . . Porous solids
   S01N224/35: . . Bio-fluids, e.g. urine, stool; tissue samples; histological samples
   S01N224/352: . . Chemical educts or products
   S01N224/354: . . Gases
   S01N224/36: In-vivo samples being object of the MR analysis
   S01N224/362: . . Human samples
   S01N224/362B: . . . Cardiovascular system; Heart
   S01N224/362D: . . . Respiratory system; Lung
   S01N224/362F: . . . Digestive system
   S01N224/362H: . . . Endocrine system
   S01N224/362J: . . . Muscuskeletal system
   S01N224/362L: . . . Nervous system; Brain
   S01N224/362N: . . . Urogenital system; Breast
   S01N224/364: . . Animal samples
   S01N224/366: . . Samples comprising isolated cells or microorganisms; tissue samples
   S01N224/368: . . Potentially hazardous samples, e.g. infectious animals
   S01N224/38: Diagnosis or characterisation of disease using MR
   S01N224/382: . . Type of disease
   S01N224/382B: . . . Cancer
   S01N224/382D: . . . Neurodegenerative disorders, e.g. schizophrenia
   S01N224/382F: . . . Ischemic disorders, e.g. stroke or myocardial infarction
   S01N224/382H: . . . Disorders of the nervous system, e.g. multiple sclerosis
   S01N224/382J: . . . Infections, e.g. with HIV or with prions
   S01N224/384: . . for therapy assessment
   S01N224/386: . . for monitoring of disease progression
   S01N291/00: Indexing codes associated with group G01N29/00
   S01N291/01: Indexing codes associated with the measuring variable
   S01N291/01B: . . Velocity or travel time
   S01N291/01C: . . Phase angle
   S01N291/01D: . . Resonance or resonant frequency
   S01N291/01E: . . Attenuation, scattering
   S01N291/01F: . . Doppler techniques
   S01N291/01G: . . Impedance
   S01N291/02: Indexing codes associated with the analysed material
   S01N291/021: . . Gases
   S01N291/021B: . . . Binary gases
   S01N291/021C: . . . Mixtures of three or more gases, e.g. air
   S01N291/021E: . . . Smoke, combustion gases
   S01N291/022: . . Liquids
   S01N291/022B: . . . Binary liquids
   S01N291/022C: . . . Mixtures of three or more liquids
   S01N291/022H: . . . Oils, e.g. engine oils
   S01N291/022L: . . . Aqueous liquids
   S01N291/023: . . Solids
   S01N291/023C: . . . Composite or layered materials
   S01N291/023G: . . . Glass, ceramics, concrete or stone
   S01N291/023M: . . . Metals, e.g. steel
   S01N291/023P: . . . Plastics; polymers; soft materials, e.g. rubber
   S01N291/023T: . . . Thin materials, e.g. paper, membranes, thin films
   S01N291/023W: . . . Wood
   S01N291/024: . . Mixtures
   S01N291/024B: . . . Solids in gases, e.g. particle suspensions
   S01N291/024C: . . . Solids in liquids
   S01N291/024D: . . . Liquids in gases, e.g. sprays
   S01N291/024E: . . . Gases in liquids, e.g. bubbles, foams
   S01N291/024F: . . . Liquids in porous solids
   S01N291/024G: . . . Gases in porous solids
   S01N291/024H: . . . Solids in solids, e.g. granules
   S01N291/024K: . . . Biological material, e.g. blood
   S01N291/024L: . . . Tissue characterisation
   S01N291/024M: . . . Other human or animal parts, e.g. bones
   S01N291/024N: . . . Materials with nonlinear acoustic properties
   S01N291/025: . . Change of phase or condition
   S01N291/025B: . . . Solidification, icing, curing composites, polymerisation
   S01N291/025C: . . . Melting, molten solids
   S01N291/025D: . . . Condensation
   S01N291/025E: . . . Evaporation
   S01N291/025F: . . . (Bio)chemical reactions, e.g. on biosensors
   S01N291/025G: . . . Adsorption, desorption, surface mass change, e.g. on biosensors
   S01N291/025G1: . . . . with a layer containing at least one organic compound
   S01N291/025J: . . . Structural degradation, e.g. fatigue of composites, ageing of oils
   S01N291/028: . . Material parameters
   S01N291/028C: . . . Concentration of a compound, e.g. measured by a surface mass change
   S01N291/028D: . . . Density, viscosity
   S01N291/028E: . . . Elastic parameters, strength or force
   S01N291/028F: . . . Flow rate, liquid level
   S01N291/028H: . . . Humidity, wetness
   S01N291/028L: . . . Length, thickness
   S01N291/028M: . . . Electric or magnetic parameters
   S01N291/028P: . . . Pressure
   S01N291/028T: . . . Temperature
   S01N291/028U: . . . Internal structure, e.g. defects, grain size, texture
   S01N291/04: Wave modes and trajectories
   S01N291/042: . . Wave modes
   S01N291/042B: . . . Longitudinal waves
   S01N291/042C: . . . Shear waves, transverse waves, horizontally polarised waves
   S01N291/042E: . . . Surface waves, e.g. Rayleigh waves, Love waves
   S01N291/042F: . . . Parallel to the surface, e.g. creep waves
   S01N291/042H: . . . Bulk waves, e.g. quartz crystal microbalance, torsional waves
   S01N291/042J: . . . Flexural waves, plate waves, e.g. Lamb waves, tuning fork, cantilever
   S01N291/042M: . . . Mode conversion
   S01N291/043: . . Complex trajectories
   S01N291/044: . . Internal reflections (echoes), e.g. on walls or defects
   S01N291/045: . . External reflections, e.g. on reflectors
   S01N291/048: . . Transmission, i.e. analysed material between transmitter and receiver
   S01N291/051: . . Perpendicular incidence, perpendicular propagation
   S01N291/052: . . Perpendicular incidence, angular propagation
   S01N291/055: . . Angular incidence, perpendicular propagation
   S01N291/056: . . Angular incidence, angular propagation
   S01N291/057: . . Angular incidence, parallel to surface propagation
   S01N291/10: Number of transducers
   S01N291/101: . . one transducer
   S01N291/102: . . one emitter, one receiver
   S01N291/103: . . one emitter, two or more receivers
   S01N291/104: . . two or more emitters, one receiver
   S01N291/105: . . two or more emitters, two or more receivers
   S01N291/106: . . one or more transducer arrays
   S01N291/26: Scanned objects
   S01N291/262: . . Linear objects
   S01N291/262B: . . . Rails; Railroads
   S01N291/262C: . . . Wires, bars, rods
   S01N291/263: . . Surfaces
   S01N291/263B: . . . flat
   S01N291/263C: . . . cylindrical from outside
   S01N291/263D: . . . cylindrical from inside
   S01N291/263E: . . . . . Thin materials
   S01N291/263F: . . . . . Composite or layered materials
   S01N291/263K: . . . Complex surfaces
   S01N291/265: . . Spherical objects
   S01N291/267: . . Welds
   S01N291/267B: . . . Spot welding
   S01N291/267C: . . . Seam, butt welding
   S01N291/267E: . . . Lapp welding
   S01N291/269: . . Various geometry objects
   S01N291/269B: . . . Bolts, screws, heads
   S01N291/269C: . . . Tyres
   S01N291/269D: . . . Rotor or turbine parts
   S01N291/269E: . . . Wings or other aircraft parts
   S01N291/269F: . . . Bottles, containers
   S01N291/269G: . . . Wheels, Gears, Bearings
   S01N291/269M: . . . Wafer or (micro)electronic parts
   S01N291/269R: . . . Other discrete objects, e.g. bricks
   S01N330/00: Indexing codes associated with group
   S01N330/00D2F: with flame arrestor, or other structure to prevent explosion
   S01N333/00: Assays involving biological materials from specific organisms or of a specific nature
   S01N333/005: from viruses
   S01N333/00B: by chemical synthesis
   S01N333/00B1: . . of Peptide-nucleic acids (PNAs)
   S01N333/01: . . DNA viruses
   S01N333/015: . . . Parvoviridae, e.g. feline panleukopenia virus, human Parvovirus
   S01N333/02: . . . Hepadnaviridae, e.g. hepatitis B virus
   S01N333/025: . . . Papovaviridae, e.g. papillomavirus, polyomavirus, SV40, BK virus, JC virus
   S01N333/03: . . . Herpetoviridae, e.g. pseudorabies virus
   S01N333/035: . . . . Herpes simplex virus I or II
   S01N333/03B: . . . . Pseudorabies virus, i.e. Aujetzky virus
   S01N333/04: . . . . Varicella-zoster virus
   S01N333/045: . . . . . Cytomegalovirus
   S01N333/05: . . . . Epstein-Barr virus
   S01N333/055: . . . . Marek`s disease virus
   S01N333/06: . . . . Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus
   S01N333/065: . . . Poxviridae, e.g. avipoxvirus
   S01N333/07: . . . . Vaccinia virus; Variola virus
   S01N333/075: . . . Adenoviridae
   S01N333/08: . . RNA viruses
   S01N333/085: . . . Picornaviridae, e.g. coxsackie virus, echovirus, enterovirus
   S01N333/09: . . . . Foot-and-mouth disease virus
   S01N333/095: . . . . Rhinovirus
   S01N333/10: . . . . Hepatitis A virus
   S01N333/105: . . . . Poliovirus
   S01N333/11: . . . Orthomyxoviridae, e.g. influenza virus
   S01N333/115: . . . Paramyxoviridae, e.g. parainfluenza virus
   S01N333/12: . . . . Mumps virus; Measles virus
   S01N333/125: . . . . Newcastle disease virus
   S01N333/13: . . . . Canine distemper virus
   S01N333/135: . . . . Respiratory syncytial virus
   S01N333/14: . . . Reoviridae, e.g. rotavirus, bluetongue virus, Colorado tick fever virus
   S01N333/145: . . . Rhabdoviridae, e.g. rabies virus, Duvenhage virus, Mokda virus, vesicular stomatitis virus
   S01N333/15: . . . Retroviridae, e.g. bovine leukaemia virus, feline leukaemia virus, feline leukaemia virus, human T-cell leukaemia-lymphoma virus
   S01N333/155: . . . . Lentiviridae, e.g. visna-maedi virus, equine infectious virus, FIV, SIV
   S01N333/16: . . . . . HIV-1, HIV-2
   S01N333/165: . . . Coronaviridae, e.g. avian infectious bronchitis virus
   S01N333/16B: . . . . . . gag-pol, e.g. p55, p24/25, p17/18, p.7, p6, p66/68, p51/52, p31/34, p32, p40
   S01N333/16D: . . . . . . env, e.g. gp160, gp110/120, gp41, V3, peptid T, DC4-Binding site
   S01N333/16F: . . . . . . Regulatory proteins, e.g. tat, nef, rev, vif, vpu, vpr, vpt, vpx
   S01N333/17: . . . . Porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus
   S01N333/175: . . . Bunyaviridae, e.g. California encephalitis virus, Rift valley fever virus, Hantaan virus
   S01N333/18: . . . Togaviridae; Flaviviridae
   S01N333/185: . . . . Hog cholera virus
   S01N333/18A: . . . . Alphaviruses or Group A arboviruses, e.g. sindbis, VEE, EEE, WEE or semliki forest virus
   S01N333/18F: . . . . Flaviviridae, e.g. pestivirus, mucosal disease virus, bovine viral diarrhoea virus, classical swine fever virus (hog cholera virus) or border disease virus
   S01N333/18F2: . . . . . Flaviviruses or Group B arboviruses, e.g. yellow fever virus, japanese encephalitis, tick-borne encephalitis, dengue
   S01N333/18F4: . . . . . Hepatitis C; Hepatitis NANB
   S01N333/18F6: . . . . . Hepatitis G; Hepatitis NANBNCNDNE
   S01N333/19: . . . . Rubella virus
   S01N333/195: from bacteria
   S01N333/20: . . from Spirochaetales (O), e.g. Treponema, Leptospira
   S01N333/205: . . from Campylobacter (G)
   S01N333/21: . . from Pseudomonadaceae (F)
   S01N333/215: . . from Halobacteriaceae (F)
   S01N333/21B: . . . Moraxellaceae, e.g. Acinetobacter, Moraxella, Oligella or Psychrobacter
   S01N333/22: . . from Neisseriaceae (F), e.g. Acinetobacter
   S01N333/225: . . from Alcaligenes (G)
   S01N333/23: . . from Brucella (G)
   S01N333/235: . . from Bordetella (G)
   S01N333/24: . . from Enterobacteriaceae (F), e.g. Citrobacter, Serratia, Proteus, Providencia, Morganella, Yersinia
   S01N333/245: . . . Escherichia (G)
   S01N333/25: . . . Shigella (G)
   S01N333/255: . . . Salmonella (G)
   S01N333/26: . . . Klebsiella (G)
   S01N333/265: . . . Enterobacter (G)
   S01N333/27: . . . Erwinia (G)
   S01N333/275: . . . Hafnia (G)
   S01N333/28: . . from Vibrionaceae (F)
   S01N333/285: . . from Pasteurellaceae (F), e.g. Haemophilus influenza
   S01N333/29: . . from Richettsiales (o)
   S01N333/295: . . from Chlamydiales (o)
   S01N333/30: . . from Mycoplasmatales, e.g. Pleuropneumonia-like organisms (PPLO)
   S01N333/305: . . from Micrococcaceae (F)
   S01N333/31: . . . from Staphylococcus (G)
   S01N333/315: . . from Streptococcus (G), e.g. Enterococci
   S01N333/315A: . . . Streptokinase
   S01N333/315B: . . . from Streptococcus pneumoniae
   S01N333/32: . . from Bacillus (G)
   S01N333/325: . . . Bacillus thuringiensis crystal protein (delta-endotoxin)
   S01N333/33: . . from Clostridium (G)
   S01N333/335: . . from Lactobacillus (G)
   S01N333/34: . . from Corynebacterium (G)
   S01N333/345: . . from Brevibacterium (G)
   S01N333/35: . . from Mycobacteriaceae (F)
   S01N333/355: . . from Nocardia (G)
   S01N333/36: . . from Actinomyces; from Streptomyces (G)
   S01N333/365: . . from Actinoplanes (G)
   S01N333/37: from fungi
   S01N333/375: . . from Basidiomycetes
   S01N333/38: . . from Aspergillus
   S01N333/385: . . from Penicillium
   S01N333/39: . . from yeasts
   S01N333/395: . . . from Saccharomyces
   S01N333/40: . . . from Candida
   S01N333/405: from algae
   S01N333/41: from lichens
   S01N333/415: from plants
   S01N333/42: . . Lectins, e.g. concanavalin, phytohaemagglutinin
   S01N333/425: . . Zeins
   S01N333/43: . . Sweetening agents, e.g. thaumatin, monellin
   S01N333/435: from animals; from humans
   S01N333/435A: . . from invertebrates
   S01N333/435A1: . . . from crustaceans
   S01N333/435A2: . . . from arachnidae
   S01N333/435A2A: . . . . from spiders
   S01N333/435A2B: . . . . from scorpions
   S01N333/435A3: . . . from worms
   S01N333/435A3A: . . . . from nematodes
   S01N333/435A3A1: . . . . . from Caenorhabditis
   S01N333/435A3B: . . . . from cestodes
   S01N333/435A3B1: . . . . . from Taenia
   S01N333/435A3C: . . . . from trematodes
   S01N333/435A4: . . . from insects
   S01N333/435A4A: . . . . from ticks
   S01N333/435A4B: . . . . from wasps
   S01N333/435A4C: . . . . from bees
   S01N333/435A4D: . . . . from flies
   S01N333/435A4D1: . . . . . from Drosophila
   S01N333/435A4E: . . . . from silkworm
   S01N333/435A4F: . . . . from mites
   S01N333/435A4G: . . . . from fleas
   S01N333/435A4H: . . . . from mosquitoes
   S01N333/435A5: . . . from coelenteratae, e.g. medusae
   S01N333/44: . . from protozoa
   S01N333/445: . . . Plasmodium
   S01N333/45: . . . Toxoplasma
   S01N333/455: . . . Eimeria
   S01N333/46: . . from vertebrates
   S01N333/465: . . . from birds
   S01N333/46A: . . . from fish
   S01N333/46B: . . . from amphibians
   S01N333/46C: . . . from reptiles
   S01N333/46C2: . . . . Snake venom
   S01N333/46C2A: . . . . . from Russell`s viper
   S01N333/46C2B: . . . . . from Agkistrodon sp., e.g. acutase, ACTE
   S01N333/46C2B1: . . . . . . from Agkistrodon rhodostama (Malayan pit viper); Arvin (R); Batroboxin; Ancrod
   S01N333/46C2B2: . . . . . . from Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix (copperhead snake); Protac (R)
   S01N333/46C2C: . . . . . from Croatalus adamanteus (Eastern Diamondback rattlesnake); Crotolase
   S01N333/46C2D: . . . . . from Echis carinatus; Ecarin
   S01N333/46C2E: . . . . . from Bothrops sp.
   S01N333/46C2E1: . . . . . . from Bothrops atrox; Reptilase; Atroxin
   S01N333/46C2E2: . . . . . . from Bothrops jararaca; Botrocetin
   S01N333/46C2F: . . . . . from Oxyuran(eo)us scutellatus (Taipan snake of Elapidae family)
   S01N333/47: . . . Assays involving proteins of known structure or function as defined in the subgroups
   S01N333/475: . . Assays involving growth factors
   S01N333/475A: . . . Hepatocyte growth factor; Scatter factor; Tumor cytotoxic factor II
   S01N333/475B: . . . Neuregulins, i.e. p185erbB2 ligands, glial growth factor, heregulin, ARIA, neu differentiation factor
   S01N333/47A: . . . . (not used)
   S01N333/47A1: . . . . . Regulators; Modulating activity
   S01N333/47A11: . . . . . Complement proteins, e.g. anaphylatoxin, C3a, C5a
   S01N333/47A12: . . . . . Lipocortins
   S01N333/47A13: . . . . . G-proteins
   S01N333/47A14: . . . . . Cationic antimicrobial peptides, e.g. defensins
   S01N333/47A15: . . . . . Proteoglycans, e.g. aggreccan
   S01N333/47A16: . . . . . Lectins
   S01N333/47A17: . . . . . Mucins, e.g. human intestinal mucin
   S01N333/47A18: . . . . . Calcium binding proteins, e.g. calmodulin
   S01N333/47A19: . . . . . alpha-Glycoproteins
   S01N333/47A1A: . . . . . . Inhibitors; Supressors
   S01N333/47A1B: . . . . . . stimulating, promoting or activating activity
   S01N333/47A1B1: . . . . . . . Guanosine triphosphatase activating protein, GAP
   S01N333/47A2: . . . . . Muscular dystrophy
   S01N333/47A20: . . . . . Recognins, e.g. malignin
   S01N333/47A21: . . . . . Casein
   S01N333/47A22: . . . . . Acute pancreatitis-associated protein
   S01N333/47A23: . . . . . Villin
   S01N333/47A24: . . . . . Retinoblastoma protein
   S01N333/47A25: . . . . . C-reactive protein
   S01N333/47A26: . . . . . Cyclin; Prad 1
   S01N333/47A27: . . . . . Pancreatic thread protein; Reg protein
   S01N333/47A28: . . . . . Keratin; Cytokeratin
   S01N333/47A29: . . . . . Bactericidal/Permeability-increasing protein BPI
   S01N333/47A2A: . . . . . . Duchenne dystrophy
   S01N333/47A2B: . . . . . . Myotonic dystrophy
   S01N333/47A3: . . . . . Amyloid plaque core protein
   S01N333/47A30: . . . . . Insulin-like growth factor binding protein
   S01N333/47A31: . . . . . Cancer-associated SCM-recognition factor, CRISPP
   S01N333/47A32: . . . . . p53
   S01N333/47A4: . . . . . Cystic fibrosis
   S01N333/47A5: . . . . . Autoimmune diseases, e.g. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, multiple sclerosis, rheumathoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus; Autoantigens
   S01N333/47A6: . . . . . Pregnancy proteins, e.g. placenta proteins, alpha-feto-protein, pregnancy specific beta glycoprotein
   S01N333/47A7: . . . . . Muscle proteins, e.g. myosin, actin, protein
   S01N333/47A8: . . . . . Plasma globulins, lactoglobulin
   S01N333/47A9: . . . . . Cytokine-induced proteins
   S01N333/48: . . . Nerve growth factor (NGF)
   S01N333/485: . . . Epidermal growth factor (EGF) (urogastrone)
   S01N333/49: . . . Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)
   S01N333/495: . . . Transforming growth factor (TGF)
   S01N333/50: . . . Fibroblast growth factors (FGF)
   S01N333/505: . . . Erythropoietin (EPO)
   S01N333/50A: . . . . acidic FGF (aFGF)
   S01N333/50B: . . . . basic FGF (bFGF)
   S01N333/51: . . . Bone morphogenetic factor; Osteogenins; Osteogenic factor; Bone-inducing factor
   S01N333/515: . . . Angiogenesic factors; Angiogenin
   S01N333/52: . . Assays involving cytokines
   S01N333/525: . . . Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)
   S01N333/525B: . . . . Lymphotoxin (LT)
   S01N333/52A: . . . Chemokines
   S01N333/52A1: . . . . Alpha-chemokines, e.g. NAP-2, ENA-78, GRO-alpha/MGSA/NAP-3, GRO-beta/MIP-2alpha, GRO-gamma/MIP-2beta, IP-10, GCP-2, MIG, PBSF, PF-4 or KC
   S01N333/52A2: . . . . Beta-chemokines, e.g. RANTES, I-309/TCA-3, MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta/ACT-2/LD78/SCIF, MCP-1/MCAF, MCP-2, MCP-3, LDCF-1or LDCF-2
   S01N333/52B: . . . Thrombopoietin, i.e. C-MPL ligand
   S01N333/53: . . . Colony-stimulating factor (CSF)
   S01N333/535: . . . . Granulocyte CSF; Granulocyte-macrophage CSF
   S01N333/54: . . . Interleukins (IL)
   S01N333/545: . . . . IL-1
   S01N333/54A: . . . . IL-3
   S01N333/54B: . . . . IL-4
   S01N333/54C: . . . . IL-5
   S01N333/54D: . . . . IL-6
   S01N333/54E: . . . . Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF)
   S01N333/54F: . . . . IL-7
   S01N333/54G: . . . . IL-8
   S01N333/54H: . . . . IL-9
   S01N333/54K: . . . . IL-10
   S01N333/54L: . . . . IL-11
   S01N333/54M: . . . . IL-12
   S01N333/54N: . . . . IL-13
   S01N333/54P: . . . . IL-14
   S01N333/54Q: . . . . IL-15
   S01N333/54R: . . . . IL-16
   S01N333/55: . . . . IL-2
   S01N333/555: . . . Interferons (IFN)
   S01N333/56: . . . . IFN-alpha
   S01N333/565: . . . . IFN-beta
   S01N333/57: . . . . IFN-gamma
   S01N333/575: . . Hormones
   S01N333/575B: . . . Corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) (Urotensin)
   S01N333/575D: . . . Placental lactogen; Chorionic Somatomammotropin
   S01N333/575F: . . . Calcitonin gene related peptide
   S01N333/575G: . . . Endothelin, vasoactive intestinal contractor (VIC)
   S01N333/575H: . . . Neuropeptide Y
   S01N333/575K: . . . Prolactin
   S01N333/575L: . . . Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) or related peptides
   S01N333/575M: . . . Gastrin releasing peptide
   S01N333/575N: . . . Thymosin or related peptides
   S01N333/58: . . . Atrial natriuretic factor complex; Atriopeptin; Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP); Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP, proBNP); Cardionatrin; Cardiodilatin
   S01N333/585: . . . Calcitonins
   S01N333/59: . . . Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH); Chorionic gonadotropins, e.g. HCG; Luteinising hormone (LH); Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
   S01N333/595: . . . Gastrins; Cholecystokinins (CCK)
   S01N333/60: . . . Growth-hormone releasing factors (GH-RF) (Somatoliberin)
   S01N333/605: . . . Glucagons
   S01N333/61: . . . Growth hormones (GH) (Somatotropin)
   S01N333/62: . . . Insulins
   S01N333/63: . . . Motilins
   S01N333/635: . . . Parathyroid hormone (parathormone); Parathyroid hormone-related peptides
   S01N333/64: . . . Relaxins
   S01N333/645: . . . Secretins
   S01N333/65: . . . Insulin-like growth factors (Somatomedins), e.g. IGF-1, IGF-2
   S01N333/655: . . . Somatostatins
   S01N333/66: . . . Thymopoietins
   S01N333/665: . . Assays involving proteins derived from pro-opiomelanocortin, pro-enkephalin or pro-dynorphin
   S01N333/67: . . . Lipotropins, e.g. beta, gamma lipotropin
   S01N333/675: . . . beta-Endorphins
   S01N333/68: . . . Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
   S01N333/685: . . . . alpha-Melanotropin
   S01N333/69: . . . . beta-Melanotropin
   S01N333/695: . . . Corticotropin (ACTH)
   S01N333/70: . . . Enkephalins
   S01N333/705: . . Assays involving receptors, cell surface antigens or cell surface determinants
   S01N333/705B: . . . Immunoglobulin superfamily, e.g. VCAMs, PECAM, LFA-3
   S01N333/705B10: . . . . C2D
   S01N333/705B12: . . . . T-cell receptor (TcR)-CD3 complex
   S01N333/705B14: . . . . CD4
   S01N333/705B16: . . . . CD8
   S01N333/705B18: . . . . CD28, CD152
   S01N333/705B20: . . . . ICAM molecules, e.g. CD50, CD54, CD102
   S01N333/705B22: . . . . CD58
   S01N333/705B24: . . . . B7 molecules, e.g. CD80, CD86
   S01N333/705B26: . . . . Fc-receptors, e.g. CD16, CD32, CD64 (CD2314/705F)
   S01N333/705B28: . . . . MHC-molecules, e.g. HLA-molecules
   S01N333/705B30: . . . . CD106
   S01N333/705D: . . . Integrin superfamily, e.g. VLAs, leuCAM, GPIIb/GPIIIa, LPAM
   S01N333/705D10: . . . . Integrin beta1-subunit-containing molecules, e.g. CD29, CD49
   S01N333/705D12: . . . . Integrin beta2-subunit-containing molecules, e.g. CD11, CD18
   S01N333/705D14: . . . . Integrin beta3-subunit-containing molecules, e.g. CD41, CD51, CD61
   S01N333/705F: . . . Selectin superfamily, e.g. LAM-1, GlyCAM, ELAM-1, PADGEM
   S01N333/705F10: . . . . Selectins, e.g. CD62
   S01N333/705G: . . . Nuclear receptors, e.g. retinoic acid receptor (RAR), RXR, nuclear orphan receptors
   S01N333/705K: . . . for neuromediators, e.g. serotonin receptor, dopamine receptor
   S01N333/705Q: . . . NGF/TNF-superfamily, e.g. CD70, CD95L, CD153 or CD154
   S01N333/705R: . . . NGF-receptor/TNF-receptor superfamily, e.g. CD27, CD30 CD40 or CD95
   S01N333/705S: . . . CD71
   S01N333/705T: . . . CD44
   S01N333/705V: . . . CD45
   S01N333/705W: . . . CD52
   S01N333/705Z: . . . Molecules with a "CD"-designation not provided for elsewhere in S01N333/705
   S01N333/71: . . . for growth factors; for growth regulators
   S01N333/715: . . . for cytokines; for lymphokines; for interferons
   S01N333/715B: . . . . for tumor necrosis factor (TNF); for lymphotoxin (LT)
   S01N333/715D: . . . . or colony-stimulating factors (CSF)
   S01N333/715F: . . . . for interleukins (IL)
   S01N333/715G: . . . . for interferons (IFN)
   S01N333/715H: . . . . for chemokines
   S01N333/72: . . . for hormones
   S01N333/72A: . . . . Steroid/thyroid hormone superfamily, e.g. GR, EcR, androgen receptor, oestrogen receptor
   S01N333/72B: . . . . G protein coupled receptor, e.g. TSHR-thyrotropin-receptor, LH/hCG receptor, FSH
   S01N333/745: . . Assays involving non-enzymic blood coagulation factors
   S01N333/745B: . . . Thrombomodulin
   S01N333/745D: . . . Tissue factor (tissue thromboplastin, Factor III)
   S01N333/745F: . . . Factor V
   S01N333/745H: . . . Protein S
   S01N333/75: . . . Fibrin; Fibrinogen
   S01N333/755: . . . Factors VIII, e.g. factor VIII C (AHF), factor VIII Ag (VWF)
   S01N333/76: . . Assays involving albumins other than in routine use for blocking surfaces or for anchoring haptens during immunisation
   S01N333/765: . . . Serum albumin, e.g. HSA
   S01N333/77: . . . Ovalbumin
   S01N333/775: . . Apolipopeptides
   S01N333/78: . . Connective tissue peptides, e.g. collagen, elastin, laminin, fibronectin, vitronectin, cold insoluble globulin (CIG)
   S01N333/785: . . Alveolar surfactant peptides; Pulmonary surfactant peptides
   S01N333/79: . . Transferrins, e.g. lactoferrins, ovotransferrins
   S01N333/795: Porphyrin- or corrin-ring-containing peptides
   S01N333/80: . . Cytochromes
   S01N333/805: . . Haemoglobins; Myoglobins
   S01N333/81: Protease inhibitors
   S01N333/815: . . from leeches, e.g. hirudin, eglin
   S01N333/81A: . . Exopeptidase (E.C. 3.4.11-19) inhibitors
   S01N333/81B: . . Endopeptidase (E.C. 3.4.21-99) inhibitors
   S01N333/81B1: . . . Serine protease (E.C. 3.4.21) inhibitors
   S01N333/81B1A: . . . . Kunitz type inhibitors
   S01N333/81B1A1: . . . . . Bovine/basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI, aprotinin)
   S01N333/81B1B: . . . . Serpins
   S01N333/81B1B1: . . . . . Alpha-1-antitrypsin
   S01N333/81B1B2: . . . . . Antithrombin III
   S01N333/81B1B3: . . . . . Plasminogen activator inhibitors
   S01N333/81B1C: . . . . Kazal type inhibitors, e.g. pancreatic secretory inhibitor or ovomucoid
   S01N333/81B2: . . . Cysteine protease (E.C. 3.4.22) inhibitors, e.g. cystatin
   S01N333/81B3: . . . Aspartate protease (E.C. 3.4.23) inhibitors, e.g. HIV protease inhibitors
   S01N333/81B4: . . . Metalloprotease (E.C. 3.4.24) inhibitors, e.g. tissue inhibitor of metallo proteinase, TIMP
   S01N333/82: Translation products from oncogenes
   S01N333/825: Metallothioneins
   S01N333/900: Enzymes; Proenzymes
   S01N333/900A: . . Enzymes with nucleic acid structure; e.g. ribozymes
   S01N333/900B: . . Antibodies with enzymatic activity; e.g. abzymes
   S01N333/900L: . . Ligases (6)
   S01N333/902: . . Oxidoreductases (1.)
   S01N333/902B: . . . acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors (1.2)
   S01N333/902C: . . . acting on the CH-CH group of donors (1.3)
   S01N333/902D: . . . acting on NADH or NADPH (1.6), e.g. those with a heme protein as acceptor (1.6.2) (general), Cytochrome-b5 reductase (1.6.2.2) or NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (1.6.2.4)
   S01N333/902F: . . . acting on a sulfur group of donors (1.8)
   S01N333/902G: . . . acting on a heme group of donors (1.9)
   S01N333/902H: . . . acting on diphenols and related substances as donors (1.10)
   S01N333/902H3: . . . . with oxygen as acceptor (1.10.3) in general
   S01N333/902H3B: . . . . . with a definite EC number (1.10.3.-)
   S01N333/902H3B1: . . . . . . Catechol oxidase, i.e. Tyrosinase (1.10.3.1)
   S01N333/902H3B2: . . . . . . Laccase (1.10.3.2)
   S01N333/902H3B3: . . . . . . Ascorbate oxidase (1.10.3.3)
   S01N333/902J: . . . acting on hydrogen as donor (1.12)
   S01N333/902K: . . . acting on single donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen, i.e. oxygenases (1.13)
   S01N333/902L: . . . acting on paired donors with incorporation of molecular oxygen (1.14)
   S01N333/902L13: . . . . with NADH or NADPH as one of the donors, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen 1.14.13)
   S01N333/902L13B: . . . . . with a definite EC number (1.14.13.-)
   S01N333/902L13B39: . . . . . . Nitric-oxide synthase (NOS; 1.14.13.39)
   S01N333/902L15: . . . . with a reduced iron-sulfur protein as one donor (1.14.15) in general
   S01N333/902L15B: . . . . . with a definite EC number (1.14.15.-)
   S01N333/902L15B4: . . . . . . Steroid 11 beta monooxygenase (P-450 protein) (1.14.15.4)
   S01N333/902L15B6: . . . . . . [Cholesterol monooxygenase (cytochrome P 450scc) (1.14.15.6)
   S01N333/902L99: . . . . Miscellaneous (1.14.99) (not used)
   S01N333/902L99B: . . . . . with a definite EC number (1.14.99.-) (not used)
   S01N333/902L99B10: . . . . . . Steroid 21-monooxygenase (1.14.99.10)
   S01N333/902L99B9: . . . . . . Steroid 17 alpha-monooxygenase (1.14.99.9)
   S01N333/902M: . . . acting on superoxide radicals as acceptor (1.15)
   S01N333/902N: . . . oxidising metal ions (1.16)
   S01N333/902P: . . . acting on -CH2- groups (1.17)
   S01N333/902R: . . . acting on reduced ferredoxin as donor (1.18)
   S01N333/902S: . . . acting on reduced flavodoxin as donor (1.19)
   S01N333/904: . . . acting on CHOH groups as donors, e.g. glucose oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase (1.1)
   S01N333/906: . . . acting on nitrogen containing compounds as donors (1.4, 1.5, 1.7)
   S01N333/906B: . . . . acting on the CH-NH2 group of donors (1.4)
   S01N333/906B1: . . . . . with NAD or NADP as acceptor (1.4.1) in general
   S01N333/906B1B: . . . . . . with a definite EC number (1.4.1.-)
   S01N333/906B1B20: . . . . . . . Phenylalanine dehydrogenase (1.4.1.20)
   S01N333/906B2: . . . . . with a cytochrome as acceptor (1.4.2)
   S01N333/906B3: . . . . . with oxygen as acceptor (1.4.3) in general
   S01N333/906B3B: . . . . . . with a definite EC number (1.4.3.-)
   S01N333/906B3B3: . . . . . . . D-Amino acid oxidase (1.4.3.3)
   S01N333/906D: . . . . acting on CH-NH groups of donors (1.5)
   S01N333/906D1: . . . . . with NAD or NADP as acceptor (1.5.1) in general
   S01N333/906D1B: . . . . . . with a definite EC number (1.5.1.-)
   S01N333/906D1B3: . . . . . . . Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) (1.5.1.3)
   S01N333/906D3: . . . . . with oxygen as acceptor (1.5.3) in general
   S01N333/906D3B: . . . . . . with a definite EC number (1.5.3.-)
   S01N333/906D3B3: . . . . . . . Sarcosine oxidase (1.5.3.1)
   S01N333/906F: . . . . acting on other nitrogen compounds as donors (1.7)
   S01N333/906F2: . . . . . with oxygen as acceptor (1.7.3), e.g. uricase (1.7.3.3)
   S01N333/908: . . . acting on hydrogen peroxide as acceptor (1.11)
   S01N333/910: . . Transferases (2.)
   S01N333/910A: . . . transferring one-carbon groups (2.1)
   S01N333/910A1: . . . . Methyltransferases (general) (2.1.1.)
   S01N333/910A1A: . . . . . with definite EC number (2.1.1.-)
   S01N333/910A1A6: . . . . . . Catecholmethyltransferases (2.1.1.6)
   S01N333/910A2: . . . . Hydroxymethyl-, formyl-transferases (2.1.2)
   S01N333/910A3: . . . . Carboxyl- and carbamoyl transferases (2.1.3)
   S01N333/910B: . . . Aldehyde and ketone transferases (2.2)
   S01N333/910C: . . . Acyltransferases (2.3)
   S01N333/910C1: . . . . Acyltransferases other than aminoacyltransferases (general) (2.3.1)
   S01N333/910C1A: . . . . . with definite EC number (2.3.1.-)
   S01N333/910C1A28: . . . . . . Chloramphenicol-acetyltransferases (2.3.1.28)
   S01N333/910C1A74: . . . . . . Chalcone synthases (2.3.1.74)
   S01N333/910C2: . . . . Aminoacyltransferases (general) (2.3.2)
   S01N333/910C2A: . . . . . with definite EC number (2.3.2.-)
   S01N333/910C2A13: . . . . . . Transglutaminases; Factor XIIIq (2.3.2.13)
   S01N333/910D: . . . Glycosyltransferases (2.4)
   S01N333/910D1: . . . . Hexosyltransferases (general) (2.4.1)
   S01N333/910D10E: . . . . transferring alkyl or aryl groups other than methyl groups (2.5)
   S01N333/910D1A: . . . . . with definite EC number (2.4.1.-)
   S01N333/910D1A10: . . . . . . Levansucrases (2.4.1.10)
   S01N333/910D1A12: . . . . . . Cellulose synthases (2.4.1.12)
   S01N333/910D1A13: . . . . . . Sucrose synthases (2.4.1.13)
   S01N333/910D1A14: . . . . . . Sucrose phosphate synthases (2.4.1.14)
   S01N333/910D1A18: . . . . . . Glucan branching enzymes (2.4.1.18)
   S01N333/910D1A19: . . . . . . Cyclomalto dextrin glucano transferases (2.4.1.19)
   S01N333/910D2: . . . . Pentosyltransferases (2.4.2)
   S01N333/910D9: . . . . transferring other glycosyl groups (2.4.99)
   S01N333/910E: . . . transferring alkyl or aryl groups other than methyl groups (2.5)
   S01N333/910E1: . . . . general (2.5.1)
   S01N333/910E1A: . . . . . with definite EC number (2.5.1.-)
   S01N333/910E1A18: . . . . . . Glutathione transferases (2.5.1.18)
   S01N333/910E1A19: . . . . . . Enolpyruvylshikimate-phosphate synthases (2.5.1.19)
   S01N333/910F: . . . transferring nitrogenous groups (2.6)
   S01N333/910G: . . . transferring sulfur containing groups (2.8)
   S01N333/912: . . . transferring phosphorus containing groups, e.g. kinases (2.7)
   S01N333/912B: . . . . Phosphotransferases in general
   S01N333/912B1: . . . . . with an alcohol group as acceptor (2.7.1), e.g. general tyrosine, serine or threonine kinases
   S01N333/912B1B: . . . . . . with a definite EC number (2.7.1.-)
   S01N333/912B1B21: . . . . . . . Thymidine kinase (2.7.1.21)
   S01N333/912B2: . . . . . with a carboxyl group as acceptor (2.7.2)
   S01N333/912B3: . . . . . with a nitrogenous group as acceptor (2.7.3), e.g. histidine kinases
   S01N333/912B4: . . . . . with a phosphate group as acceptor (2.7.4)
   S01N333/912B6: . . . . . Diphosphotransferases (2.7.6)
   S01N333/912B7: . . . . . Nucleotidyltransferases (2.7.7)
   S01N333/912B7B: . . . . . . with a definite EC number (2.7.7.-)
   S01N333/912B7B31: . . . . . . . DNA nucleotidyl-exotransferases, i.e. terminal nucleotidyl transferases (2.7.7.31)
   S01N333/912B7B48: . . . . . . . RNA-directed RNA polymerases, e.g. replicases (2.7.7.48)
   S01N333/912B7B49: . . . . . . . RNA-directed DNA polymerases, e.g. RT (2.7.7.49)
   S01N333/912B7B52: . . . . . . . RNA uridyltransferases (2.7.7.52)
   S01N333/912B7B6: . . . . . . . DNA-directed RNA polymerase (2.7.7.6)
   S01N333/912B7B7: . . . . . . . DNA-directed DNA polymerase (2.7.7.7)
   S01N333/912B7B8: . . . . . . . Polyribonucleotide nucleotidyl transferases, i.e. polynucleotide phosphorylase (2.7.7.8)
   S01N333/912B8: . . . . . Transferases for other substituted phosphate groups (2.7.8)
   S01N333/912B9: . . . . . with paired acceptors (2.7.9)
   S01N333/914: . . Hydrolases (3)
   S01N333/916: . . . acting on ester bonds (3.1), e.g. phosphatases (3.1.3), phospholipases C or phospholipases D (3.1.4)
   S01N333/918: . . . . Carboxylic ester hydrolases (3.1.1)
   S01N333/920: . . . . . Triglyceride splitting, e.g. by means of lipase
   S01N333/922: . . . . Ribonucleases (RNAses); Deoxyribonucleases (DNAses)
   S01N333/924: . . . acting on glycosyl compounds (3.2)
   S01N333/926: . . . . acting on alpha -1, 4-glucosidic bonds, e.g. hyaluronidase, invertase, amylase
   S01N333/928: . . . . . acting on alpha -1, 4-glucosidic bonds, e.g. hyaluronidase, invertase, amylase
   S01N333/930: . . . . . . Fungal source
   S01N333/932: . . . . . alpha-amylase from plant source
   S01N333/934: . . . . . Glucoamylase
   S01N333/936: . . . . acting on beta-1, 4 bonds between N-acetylmuramic acid and 2-acetyl-amino 2-deoxy-D-glucose, e.g. lysozyme
   S01N333/938: . . . . acting on beta-galactose-glycoside bonds, e.g. beta-galactosidase
   S01N333/940: . . . . acting on alpha-galactose-glycoside bonds, e.g. alpha-galactosidase
   S01N333/942: . . . . acting on beta-1, 4-glucosidic bonds, e.g. cellulase
   S01N333/944: . . . . acting on alpha-1, 6-glucosidic bonds, e.g. isoamylase, pullulanase
   S01N333/946: . . . . . Dextranase
   S01N333/948: . . . acting on peptide bonds (3.4)
   S01N333/950: . . . . Proteinases, i.e. endopeptidases (3.4.21-3.4.99)
   S01N333/950A: . . . . . derived from viruses
   S01N333/950A1: . . . . . . derived from RNA viruses
   S01N333/952: . . . . . derived from bacteria
   S01N333/954: . . . . . . bacteria being Bacillus
   S01N333/956: . . . . . . . Bacillus subtilis or Bacillus licheniformis
   S01N333/958: . . . . . derived from fungi
   S01N333/960: . . . . . . from yeast
   S01N333/962: . . . . . . from Aspergillus
   S01N333/964: . . . . . derived from animal tissue
   S01N333/964E: . . . . . . from non-mammals
   S01N333/964E2: . . . . . . . in general (not used)
   S01N333/964E2C: . . . . . . . . with EC number (not used)
   S01N333/964E2C21: . . . . . . . . . Serine endopeptidases (3.4.21)
   S01N333/964E2C22: . . . . . . . . . Cysteine endopeptidases (3.4.22)
   S01N333/964E2C23: . . . . . . . . . Aspartic endopeptidases (3.4.23)
   S01N333/964E2C24: . . . . . . . . . Metalloendopeptidases (3.4.24)
   S01N333/964E4: . . . . . . . from snakes
   S01N333/964F: . . . . . . from mammals
   S01N333/964F2: . . . . . . . in general (not used)
   S01N333/964F2C: . . . . . . . . with EC number (not used)
   S01N333/964F2C21: . . . . . . . . . Serine endopeptidases (3.4.21)
   S01N333/964F2C21B: Granzymes
   S01N333/964F2C21C: Dibasic site splicing serine proteases, e.g. furin
   S01N333/964F2C21M: with definite EC number (not used)
   S01N333/964F2C21M21: Factor VII (3.4.21.21)
   S01N333/964F2C21M22: Factor IX (3.4.21.22)
   S01N333/964F2C21M27: Factor XI (3.4.21.27)
   S01N333/964F2C21M34: Kallikrein (3.4.21.34; 3.4.21.35)
   S01N333/964F2C21M38: Factor XII (3.4.21.38)
   S01N333/964F2C21M6: Factor X (3.4.21.6)
   S01N333/964F2C21M69: Protein C (3.4.21.69)
   S01N333/964F2C21M90: Blood coagulation factors not provided for in a preceding group or according to more than one of the proceeding groups
   S01N333/964F2C22: . . . . . . . . . Cysteine endopeptidases (3.4.22)
   S01N333/964F2C22B: Interleukin 1-beta convertase-like enzymes
   S01N333/964F2C23: . . . . . . . . . Aspartic endopeptidases (3.4.23)
   S01N333/964F2C23M: with definite EC number (not used)
   S01N333/964F2C23M1: Pepsin (3.4.23.1; 3.4.23.2; 3.4.23.3)
   S01N333/964F2C23M15: Renin (3.4.23.15)
   S01N333/964F2C23M4: Chymosin, i.e. rennin (3.4.23.4)
   S01N333/964F2C24: . . . . . . . . . Metalloendopeptidases (3.4.24)
   S01N333/964F2C24B: Phosporamidon sensitive endothelin converting enzymes
   S01N333/964F2C24M: with definite EC number (not used)
   S01N333/964F2C24M11: Enkephalinase (3.4.24.11)
   S01N333/964F2C24M7: Matrix metalloproteases, e. g. 3.4.24.7
   S01N333/966: . . . . Elastase
   S01N333/968: . . . . Plasmin, i.e. fibrinolysin
   S01N333/972: . . . . Plasminogen activators
   S01N333/972A: . . . . . Urokinase
   S01N333/972B: . . . . . Tissue plasminogen activator
   S01N333/974: . . . . Thrombin
   S01N333/976: . . . . Trypsin; Chymotrypsin
   S01N333/978: . . . acting on carbon to nitrogen bonds other than peptide bonds (3.5)
   S01N333/980: . . . . acting on amide bonds in linear amides (3.5.1)
   S01N333/982: . . . . . Asparaginase
   S01N333/984: . . . . . Penicillin amidase
   S01N333/986: . . . . acting on amide bonds in cyclic amides (3.5.2), e.g. beta-lactamase (penicillinase, 3.5.2.6), creatinine amidohydrolase (creatininase, EC 3.5.2.10), N-methylhydantoinase (3.5.2.6)
   S01N333/988: . . Lyases (4.), e.g. aldolases, heparinase, enolases, fumarase
   S01N333/990: . . Isomerases (5.)
   S01N333/992: . . . Glucose isomerase; Xylose isomerase; Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase
   S01N333/994: . . Pancreatin
   S01N400/00: Assays, e.g. immunoassays or enzyme assays, involving carbohydrates
   S01N400/02: involving antibodies to sugar part of glycoproteins
   S01N400/10: Polysaccharides, i.e. having more than five saccharide radicals attached to each other by glycosidic linkages; Derivatives thereof, e.g. ethers, esters
   S01N400/12: . . Homoglycans, i.e. polysaccharides having a main chain consisting of one single sugar
   S01N400/14: . . . alpha-D-Glucans, i.e having alpha 1,n (n=3,4,6) linkages between saccharide units, e.g. pullulan
   S01N400/16: . . . . Starch, amylose, amylopectin
   S01N400/18: . . . . Cyclodextrin
   S01N400/22: . . . . Dextran
   S01N400/24: . . . beta-D-Glucans, i.e. having beta 1,n (n=3,4,6) linkages between saccharide units, e.g. xanthan
   S01N400/26: . . . . Cellulose
   S01N400/28: . . . . Chitin, chitosan
   S01N400/32: . . . Galactans, e.g. agar, agarose, agaropectin, carrageenan
   S01N400/34: . . . alpha-D-Galacturonans, e.g. pectin
   S01N400/36: . . . beta-D-Fructofuranans, e.g. levan, insulin
   S01N400/38: . . Heteroglycans, i.e. polysaccharides having more than one sugar residue in the main chain in either alternating or less regular sequence, e.g. gluco- or galactomannans, e.g. Konjac gum, Locust bean gum, Guar gum
   S01N400/40: . . . Glycosaminoglycans, i.e. GAG or mucopolysaccharides, e.g. chondroitin sulfate, dermatan sulfate, hyaluronic acid, heparin, heparan sulfate, and related sulfated polysaccharides
   S01N400/44: . . . Guluromannuronans, e.g. alginic acid
   S01N400/46: . . Pectin
   S01N400/48: . . Reserve carbohydrates, e.g. glycogen
   S01N400/50: . . Lipopolysaccharides; LPS
   S01N405/00: Assays, e.g. immunoassays or enzyme assays, involving lipids
   S01N405/02: Triacylglycerols
   S01N405/04: Phospholipids, i.e. phosphoglycerides
   S01N405/06: . . Glycophospholipids, e.g. phosphatidyl inositol
   S01N405/08: Sphingolipids
   S01N405/10: . . Glycosphingolipids, e.g. cerebrosides, gangliosides
   S01N407/00: Assays, e.g. immunoassays or enzyme assays, involving terpenes
   S01N407/02: Taxol; Taxanes
   S01N410/00: Assays, e.g. immunoassays or enzyme assays, involving peptides of less than 20 animo acids
   S01N410/02: Angiotensins; Related peptides
   S01N410/04: Oxytocins; Vasopressins; Related peptides
   S01N410/06: Kallidins; Bradykinins; Related peptides
   S01N410/08: Cyclosporins and related peptides
   S01N410/10: Valinomycins and derivatives thereof
   S01N415/00: Assays, e.g. immunoassays or enzyme assays, involving penicillins or cephalosporins
   S01N430/00: Assays, e.g. immunoassays or enzyme assays, involving synthetic organic compounds as analytes
   S01N430/10: Insecticides
   S01N430/12: . . Pyrethroids
   S01N430/20: Herbicides, e.g. DDT
   S01N430/30: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
   S01N430/40: Dioxins
   S01N430/50: Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
   S01N430/60: Synthetic polymers other than synthetic polypeptides as analytes
   S01N440/00: Post-translational modifications [PTMs] in chemical analysis of biological material
   S01N440/10: acylation, e.g. acetylation, formylation, lipoylation, myristoylation, palmitoylation
   S01N440/12: alkylation, e.g. methylation, (iso-)prenylation, farnesylation
   S01N440/14: phosphorylation
   S01N440/16: (de-)amidation
   S01N440/18: citrullination
   S01N440/20: formation of disulphide bridges
   S01N440/22: iodination
   S01N440/24: hydroxylation
   S01N440/26: nitrosylation
   S01N440/28: PEGylation
   S01N440/30: sulphation
   S01N440/32: biotinylation
   S01N440/34: addition of amino acid(s), e.g. arginylation, (poly-)glutamylation, (poly-)glycylation
   S01N440/36: addition of addition of other proteins or peptides, e.g. SUMOylation, ubiquitination
   S01N440/38: addition of carbohydrates, e.g. glycosylation, glycation
   S01N440/40: addition of nucleotides or derivatives, e.g. adenylation, flavin attachment
   S01N446/00: Magnetic particle immunoreagent carriers
   S01N446/10: the magnetic material being used to coat a pre-existing polymer particle but not being present in the particle core
   S01N446/20: the magnetic material being present in the particle core
   S01N446/30: the magnetic material being dispersed in the polymer composition before their conversion into particulate form
   S01N446/40: the magnetic material being dispersed in the monomer composition prior to polymerisation
   S01N446/60: the magnetic material being dispersed in a medium other than the main solvent prior to incorporation into the polymer particle
   S01N446/62: . . Magnetic material dispersed in water drop
   S01N446/64: . . Magnetic material dispersed in oil drop
   S01N446/66: . . Magnetic material dispersed in surfactant
   S01N446/80: characterised by the agent used to coat the magnetic particles, e.g. lipids
   S01N446/84: . . Polymer coating, e.g. gelatin
   S01N446/86: . . the coating being pre-functionalised for attaching immunoreagents, e.g. aminodextran
   S01N446/90: . . characterised by small molecule linker used to couple immunoreagents to magnetic particles
   S01N458/00: Labels used in chemical analysis of biological material
   S01N458/10: Oligonucleotides as tagging agents for labelling antibodies
   S01N458/15: Non-radioactive isotope labels, e.g. for detection by mass spectrometry
   S01N458/20: Labels for detection by gas chromatography, e.g. haloaryl systems
   S01N458/30: Electrochemically active labels
   S01N458/40: Rare earth chelates
   S01N469/00: Immunoassays for the detection of microorganisms
   S01N469/10: Detection of antigens from microorganism in sample from host
   S01N469/20: Detection of antibodies in sample from host which are directed against antigens from microorganisms
   S01N496/00: Reference solutions for assays of biological material
   S01N496/05: containing blood cells or plasma
   S01N496/10: containing particles to mimic blood cells
   S01N496/15: containing dyes to mimic optical absorption of e.g. hemoglobin
   S01N496/25: containing added polymers to stabilise biological material against degradation or mantain viscosity or density, e.g. gelatin, polyacrylamides, polyvinyl alcohol
   S01N496/30: . . Polyethylene glycol, e.g. PEG
   S01N496/35: . . Polyvinylpyrrolidone, e.g. PVP
   S01N496/45: containing protease inhibitors, e.g. sulfonylfluorides, chloromethylketones, organophosphates
   S01N496/70: Blood gas control solutios containing dissolved oxygen, bicarbonate and the like
   S01N496/80: Multi-analyte reference solutions containing cholesterol, glucose and the like
   S01N500/00: Screening for compounds of potential therapeutic value
   S01N500/02: Screening involving studying the effect of compounds C on the interaction between interacting molecules A and B (e.g. A = enzyme and B = substrate for A, or A = receptor and B = ligand for the receptor)
   S01N500/04: Screening involving studying the effect of compounds C directly on molecule A (e.g. C are potential ligands (agonists or antagonists) for a receptor A, or potential substrates for an enzyme A)
   S01N500/10: involving cells
   S01N500/20: cell-free systems
   S01N510/00: Detection of programmed cell death, i.e. apoptosis
   S01N520/00: Use of whole organisms as detectors of pollution
   S01N550/00: Electrophoretic profiling, e.g. for proteome analysis
   S01N560/00: Chemical aspects of mass spectrometric analysis of biological material
   S01N570/00: Omics, e.g. proteomics, glycomics or lipidomics; Methods of analysis focusing on the entire complement of classes of biological molecules or subsets thereof , i.e. focusing on proteomes, glycomes or lipidomes
   S01N600/00: Assays involving molecular imprinted polymers/polymers created around a molecular template
   S01N610/00: Assays involving self-assembled monolayers [SAMs]
   S01N650/00: Assays involving polymers whose constituent monomers bore biological functional groups before polymerization, i.e. vinyl, acryl derivatives of amino acids, sugars
   S01N800/00: Detection or diagnosis of diseases
   S01N800/02: Nutritional disorders
   S01N800/04: Endocrine or metabolic disorders
   S01N800/04A: . . Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, e.g. diabetes, glucose metabolism
   S01N800/04B: . . Hyperlipemia or hypolipemia, e.g. dyslipidaemia, obesity
   S01N800/04C: . . Thyroid disorders
   S01N800/04D: . . Pituitary or hypothalamic - pituitary relationships, e.g. vasopressin or ADH related
   S01N800/06: Gastro-intestinal diseases
   S01N800/06A: . . Gastritis or peptic ulcer disease
   S01N800/06B: . . Bowel diseases, e.g. Crohn, ulcerative colitis, IBS
   S01N800/06C: . . Pancreatitis or colitis
   S01N800/08: Hepato-biliairy disorders other than hepatitis
   S01N800/08B: . . Liver diseases, e.g. portal hypertension, fibrosis, cirrhosis, bilirubin
   S01N800/10: Musculoskeletal or connective tissue disorders
   S01N800/10A: . . Diffuse connective tissue disease, e.g. Sjögren, Wegener's granulomatosis
   S01N800/10A1: . . . Arthritis; Rheumatoid arthritis, i.e. inflammation of peripheral joints
   S01N800/10A2: . . . Lupus erythematosus [SLE]
   S01N800/10B: . . Osteoarthritis, e.g. cartilage alteration, hypertrophy of bone
   S01N800/10C: . . Crystal induced conditions; Gout
   S01N800/10D: . . Osteoporosis
   S01N800/12: Pulmonary diseases
   S01N800/12A: . . Chronic or obstructive airway disorders, e.g. asthma COPD
   S01N800/12B: . . Adult respiratory distress syndrome
   S01N800/12C: . . Bronchitis
   S01N800/14: Disorders of ear, nose or throat
   S01N800/16: Ophthalmology
   S01N800/16A: . . Conjunctival disorders, e.g. conjunctivitis
   S01N800/16B: . . Retinal disorders, e.g. retinopathy
   S01N800/16C: . . Cataract
   S01N800/16D: . . Glaucoma
   S01N800/18: Dental and oral disorders
   S01N800/20: Dermatological disorders
   S01N800/20A: . . Dermatitis
   S01N800/20B: . . Scaling palpular diseases, e.g. psoriasis, pytiriasis
   S01N800/20C: . . Pigmentation disorders
   S01N800/22: Haematology
   S01N800/22A: . . Platelet disorders
   S01N800/22B: . . Haemostasis or coagulation
   S01N800/22C: . . Thrombotic disorders, i.e. thrombo-embolism irrespective of location/organ involved, e.g. renal vein thrombosis, venous thrombosis
   S01N800/22D: . . Disorders of the spleen, e.g. splenic rupture, splenomegaly
   S01N800/24: Immunology or allergic disorders (SLE S01N800/10A2)
   S01N800/24A: . . Transplantation related diseases, e.g. graft versus host disease
   S01N800/26: Infectious diseases, e.g. generalised sepsis Note: Indexing code S01N800/26 is not used for documents already classified in one or more of groups G01N33/569 and subgroups, G01N33/571 or G01N33/576 and subgroups
   S01N800/28: Neurological disorders
   S01N800/28A: . . Headache; Migraine
   S01N800/28B: . . Dementia; Cognitive disorders
   S01N800/28B1: . . . Alzheimer
   S01N800/28B2: . . . Prion diseases
   S01N800/28C: . . Movement disorders, e.g. Parkinson, Huntington, Tourette
   S01N800/28D: . . Pain, e.g. neuropathic pain, psychogenic pain
   S01N800/28E: . . Demyelinating diseases; Multipel sclerosis
   S01N800/28F: . . Seizure disorders; Epilepsy
   S01N800/28G: . . Sleep disorders
   S01N800/28H: . . Cerebrovascular disorders, e.g. stroke, cerebral infarct, cerebral haemorrhage, transient ischemic event
   S01N800/28J: . . Muscular dystrophy
   S01N800/28J1: . . . Duchenne dystrophy
   S01N800/28J2: . . . Myotonic dystrophy
   S01N800/30: Psychoses; Psychiatry
   S01N800/30A: . . Anxiety or phobic disorders
   S01N800/30B: . . Schizophrenia
   S01N800/30C: . . Eating disorders, e.g. anorexia, bulimia
   S01N800/30D: . . Mood disorders, e.g. bipolar, depression
   S01N800/30E: . . Attention deficit disorder; Hyperactivity
   S01N800/30F: . . Chronic fatigue syndrome
   S01N800/30G: . . Drug dependency, e.g. alcoholism
   S01N800/30H: . . Psychosexual disorders, e.g. sexual arousal disorder
   S01N800/32: Cardiovascular disorders
   S01N800/32A: . . Arterial hypertension
   S01N800/32B: . . Orthostatic hypertension or syncope
   S01N800/32C: . . Arteriosclerosis, Stenosis
   S01N800/32D: . . Coronary artery diseases, e.g. angina pectoris, myocardial infarction
   S01N800/32E: . . Heart failure or cardiac arrest, e.g. cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure
   S01N800/32F: . . Arrhythmias, e.g. ventricular fibrillation, tachycardia, atrioventricular block, torsade de pointes
   S01N800/32G: . . Endocarditis
   S01N800/32H: . . Vasculitis, i.e. inflammation of blood vessels
   S01N800/32J: . . Diseases of the aorta or its branches, e.g. aneurysms, aortic dissection
   S01N800/34: Genitourinary disorders
   S01N800/34A: . . Urinary incontinence
   S01N800/34B: . . Prostate diseases, e.g. BPH, prostatitis
   S01N800/34C: . . Disorders of the penis and the scrotum and erectile dysfuncrion
   S01N800/34D: . . Urinary calculi
   S01N800/34E: . . Renal failures; Glomerular diseases; Tubulointerstitial diseases, e.g. nephritic syndrome, glomerulonephritis; Renovascular diseases, e.g. renal artery occlusion, nephropathy
   S01N800/34F: . . Urinary tract infections
   S01N800/36: Gynecology or obstetrics
   S01N800/36A: . . Menstrual abnormalities or abnormal uterine bleeding, e.g. dysmenorrhea
   S01N800/36B: . . Menopause
   S01N800/36C: . . Endometriosis, i.e. non-malignant disorder in which functioning endometrial tissue is present outside the uterine cavity
   S01N800/36D: . . Breast disorders, e.g. mastalgia, mastitits, Paget's disease
   S01N800/36E: . . Infertility, e.g. sperm disorder, ovulatory dysfunction
   S01N800/36F: . . Pregnancy complicated by disease or abnormalities of pregnancy, e.g. preeclampsia, preterm labour
   S01N800/38: Pediatrics
   S01N800/38A: . . Cystic fibrosis
   S01N800/38B: . . Congenital anomalies
   S01N800/38B1: . . . Down syndrome; Trisomy 18; Trisomy 13
   S01N800/40: Disorders due to exposure to physical agents, e.g. heat disorders, motion sickness, radiation injuries, altitude sickness, decompression illness
   S01N800/42: Poisoning, e.g. from bites or stings
   S01N800/44: Multiple drug resistance
   S01N800/50: Determining the risk of developing a disease
   S01N800/52: Predicting or monitoring the response to treatment; Prognosis [M1204]
   S01N800/54: Determining the risk of relapse [M1204]
   S01N800/56: Staging of a disease; Further complications associated with the disease [M1204]
   S01N800/60: Complex ways of combining multiple protein biomarkers for diagnosis
   S01N800/70: Mechanisms involved in disease identification
   S01N800/70A: . . Stress
   S01N800/70A1: . . . Oxidative stress
   S01N800/70B: . . (Neo)vascularisation - Angiogenesis
   S01N800/70C: . . Ischaemia
   S01N800/70D: . . (Hyper)proliferation
   S01N800/70D1: . . . Cancer
   S01N800/70E: . . Non-proliferative mechanisms
   S01N800/70F: . . Hypoxia
   S01N800/70G: . . Aging, e.g. cellular aging
   S01N800/70H: . . Fibrils-Filaments-Plaque formation
   S01N800/70J: . . Fibrosis
   S01N800/70K: . . (Intracellular) signaling and trafficking pathways
   S01N800/70K1: . . . Endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi trafficking
   S01N800/70K2: . . . Metabolic pathways
   S01N800/70K2A: . . . . Carbohydrate metabolism, e.g. glycolysis, gluconeogenesis
   S01N800/70K2B: . . . . Amino acid metabolism
   S01N800/70K2C: . . . . Nitrogen metabolism, e.g. urea cycle
   S01N800/70K2D: . . . . Lipogenesis or lipolysis, e.g. fatty acid metabolism
   S01N800/70L: . . Toxin induced
   S01N800/70M: . . Inflammation