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C:SECTION C CHEMISTRY
 C12: BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
  C12Q: MEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES, NUCLEIC ACIDS OR MICROORGANISMS; COMPOSITIONS OR TEST PAPERS THEREFOR; PROCESSES OF PREPARING SUCH COMPOSITIONS; CONDITION-RESPONSIVE CONTROL IN MICROBIOLOGICAL OR ENZYMOLOGICAL PROCESSES
   C12Q1/00: Measuring or testing processes involving enzymes, nucleic acids or microorganisms; Compositions therefor; Processes of preparing such compositions  
   C12Q1/02: involving viable microorganisms  
   C12Q1/04: . . Determining presence or kind of microorganism; Use of selective media for testing antibiotics or bacteriocides; Compositions containing a chemical indicator therefor  
   C12Q1/06: . . . Quantitative determination  
   C12Q1/08: . . . . using multifield media  
   C12Q1/10: . . . Enterobacteria  
   C12Q1/12: . . . Nitrate to nitrite reducing bacteria  
   C12Q1/14: . . . Streptococcus; Staphylococcus  
   C12Q1/16: . . . using radioactive material  
   C12Q1/18: . . Testing for antimicrobial activity of a material  
   C12Q1/20: . . . using multifield media  
   C12Q1/22: . . Testing for sterility conditions  
   C12Q1/24: . . Methods of sampling, or inoculating or spreading a sample; Methods of physically isolating an intact microorganism  
   C12Q1/25: involving enzymes not classifiable in groups   
   C12Q1/26: involving oxidoreductase  
   C12Q1/28: . . involving peroxidase  
   C12Q1/30: . . involving catalase  
   C12Q1/32: . . involving dehydrogenase  
   C12Q1/34: involving hydrolase  
   C12Q1/37: . . involving peptidase or proteinase  
   C12Q1/40: . . involving amylase  
   C12Q1/42: . . involving phosphatase  
   C12Q1/44: . . involving esterase  
   C12Q1/46: . . . involving cholinesterase  
   C12Q1/48: involving transferase  
   C12Q1/50: . . involving creatine phosphokinase  
   C12Q1/52: . . involving transaminase  
   C12Q1/527: involving lyase  
   C12Q1/533: involving isomerase  
   C12Q1/54: involving glucose or galactose  
   C12Q1/56: involving blood clotting factors, e.g. involving thrombin, thromboplastin, fibrinogen  
   C12Q1/58: involving urea or urease  
   C12Q1/60: involving cholesterol  
   C12Q1/61: involving triglycerides  
   C12Q1/62: involving uric acid  
   C12Q1/64: Geomicrobiological testing, e.g. for petroleum  
   C12Q1/66: involving luciferase  
   C12Q1/68: involving nucleic acids  
   C12Q1/6804: . . Nucleic acid analysis using immunogens  
   C12Q1/6806: . . Preparing nucleic acids for analysis, e.g. for polymerase chain reaction [PCR] assay  
   C12Q1/6809: . . Methods for determination or identification of nucleic acids involving differential detection  
   C12Q1/6811: . . Selection methods for production or design of target specific oligonucleotides or binding molecules  
   C12Q1/6813: . . Hybridisation assays  
   C12Q1/6816: . . . characterised by the detection means  
   C12Q1/6818: . . . . involving interaction of two or more labels, e.g. resonant energy transfer  
   C12Q1/682: . . . . Signal amplification  
   C12Q1/6823: . . . . Release of bound markers  
   C12Q1/6825: . . . . Nucleic acid detection involving sensors  
   C12Q1/6827: . . . for detection of mutation or polymorphism  
   C12Q1/683: . . . . involving restriction enzymes, e.g. restriction fragment length polymorphism [RFLP]  
   C12Q1/6832: . . . Enhancement of hybridisation reaction  
   C12Q1/6834: . . . Enzymatic or biochemical coupling of nucleic acids to a solid phase  
   C12Q1/6837: . . . . using probe arrays or probe chips  
   C12Q1/6839: . . . Triple helix formation or other higher order conformations in hybridisation assays  
   C12Q1/6841: . . . In situ hybridisation  
   C12Q1/6844: . . Nucleic acid amplification reactions  
   C12Q1/6848: . . . characterised by the means for preventing contamination or increasing the specificity or sensitivity of an amplification reaction  
   C12Q1/6851: . . . Quantitative amplification  
   C12Q1/6853: . . . using modified primers or templates  
   C12Q1/6855: . . . . Ligating adaptors  
   C12Q1/6858: . . . Allele-specific amplification  
   C12Q1/686: . . . Polymerase chain reaction [PCR]  
   C12Q1/6862: . . . Ligase chain reaction [LCR]  
   C12Q1/6865: . . . Promoter-based amplification, e.g. nucleic acid sequence-based amplification [NASBA], self-sustained sequence replication [3SR] or transcription-based amplification system [TAS]  
   C12Q1/6867: . . . Replicase-based amplification, e.g. using Q-beta replicase  
   C12Q1/6869: . . Methods for sequencing  
   C12Q1/6872: . . . involving mass spectrometry  
   C12Q1/6874: . . . involving nucleic acid arrays, e.g. sequencing by hybridisation [SBH]  
   C12Q1/6876: . . Nucleic acid products used in the analysis of nucleic acids, e.g. primers or probes  
   C12Q1/6879: . . . for sex determination  
   C12Q1/6881: . . . for tissue or cell typing, e.g. human leukocyte antigen [HLA] probes  
   C12Q1/6883: . . . for diseases caused by alterations of genetic material  
   C12Q1/6886: . . . . for cancer  
   C12Q1/6888: . . . for detection or identification of organisms  
   C12Q1/689: . . . . for bacteria  
   C12Q1/6893: . . . . for protozoa  
   C12Q1/6895: . . . . for plants, fungi or algae  
   C12Q1/6897: . . involving reporter genes operably linked to promoters  
   C12Q1/70: involving virus or bacteriophage  
   C12Q3/00: Condition-responsive control processes